Preprints (not yet peer-reviewed)

473 downloads
2,704 views

In an organism, be it plant, animal or human, almost every gene has its own promoter sequence, which is typified as a DNA stretch that controls how a gene is expressed in a cell. Hence, the activity of a promoter controls in which cell type, during which developmental...

["Agricultural Science","Biotechnology","Genetics","Plant Science","Virology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.27096v2
45 downloads
148 views

In addition to encoding RNA primary structures, genomes also encode RNA secondary and tertiary structures that play roles in gene regulation and, in the case of RNA viruses, genome replication. Methods for the identification of functional RNA structures in genomes...

["Bioinformatics","Molecular Biology","Virology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.27101v1
103 downloads
202 views

Viruses encoding a replication-associated protein (Rep) within a covalently closed, single-stranded (ss)DNA genome are among the smallest viruses known to infect eukaryotic organisms, including economically valuable agricultural crops and livestock. Although circular...

["Biodiversity","Entomology","Genomics","Microbiology","Virology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.27093v1
137 downloads
412 views

The coccolithophore Emiliania huxleyi forms some of the largest phytoplankton blooms in the ocean. The rapid demise of these blooms has been linked to viral infections. E. huxleyi abundance, distribution, and nutritional status make them an important food source...

["Marine Biology","Microbiology","Virology","Biological Oceanography"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.26851v1
76 downloads
178 views

Barley yellow dwarf virus-PAV (BYDV-PAV) is one of the major viruses causing a widespread and serious viral disease affecting cereal crops. To gain a better understanding of plant defence mechanisms of BYDV resistance genes ( Bdv2 and Yd2 ) against BYDV-PAV infection,...

["Agricultural Science","Virology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.26764v1
98 downloads
280 views

Two recent researches described the spread of East/Central/South African (ECSA) lineage of chikungunya virus (CHIKV) in the Northeastern and Southeastern Brazil (Charlys da Costa et al. 2017, Cunha et al. 2017) . Initial studies in Northern Brazil, as observed...

["Virology","Epidemiology","Infectious Diseases","Public Health","Translational Medicine"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.26707v1
33 downloads
94 views

Background. Human papillomavirus (HPV) exhibits epithelial and mucosal tropism. HPV type 17 belongs to the Betapapillomavirus genus and molecular cloning experiments have identified two subtypes (17a and 17b) isolated from epidermodysplasia verruciformis (EV)....

["Molecular Biology","Virology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.26675v1
144 downloads
200 views

Honey bee colonies suffer from various pathogens, including honey bee viruses. About 24 viruses have been reported so far. However, six of them are considered to cause severe infection which inflicts heavy losses on beekeeping. The aim of this study is to detect...

["Biodiversity","Entomology","Genetics","Virology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.26595v1
112 downloads
192 views

Swine are economically important food animals, but highly contagious enteric viruses can affect entire swine herds and contribute significantly to piglet morbidity and mortality. The most frequent viruses associated with pig gastroenteritis have been reported as...

["Molecular Biology","Veterinary Medicine","Virology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3515v1
79 downloads
155 views

Ornithogalum mosaic virus (OrMV) has a wide host range and affects the production of a variety of ornamentals. In this study, the coat protein (CP) gene of OrMVwas used to investigate the molecular mechanisms underlying the evolution of this virus. The 36 OrMV...

["Agricultural Science","Evolutionary Studies","Microbiology","Virology","Population Biology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3463v1
243 downloads
470 views

Currently the National Center of Biotechnology Information (NCBI) assigns individual taxonomy identifiers to each distinct influenza virus isolate submitted to GenBank. To support this practice, individual flu isolates must be manually added to the NCBI taxonomy...

["Bioinformatics","Computational Biology","Taxonomy","Virology","Science Policy"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3428v1
88 downloads
197 views

The hemagglutinin subtypes from Influenza A can be divided into distinct lineages. This is important for tracing the evolutionary history of the gene. It allows regional lineages to be identified and studied. The process of lineage identification depends on phylogenetic...

["Bioinformatics","Virology","Computational Science"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3396v1
76 downloads
219 views

The Rickettsiales-like prokaryote - Candidatus Xenohaliotis californiensis (Ca. Xc) – has decimated black abalone populations along the Pacific coast of North America. White abalone, – Haliotis sorenseni – are also susceptible and nearly extinct in the wild due...

["Aquaculture, Fisheries and Fish Science","Conservation Biology","Microbiology","Virology","Natural Resource Management"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3351v1
128 downloads
553 views

Current research posits that all multicellular organisms live in symbioses with associated microorganisms and form so-called metaorganisms or holobionts. Cnidarian metaorganisms are of specific interest given that stony corals provide the foundation of the globally...

["Bioinformatics","Genomics","Virology","Biosphere Interactions"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3343v1
157 downloads
734 views

Background. Enteroviruses are small non-enveloped viruses with (+) ssRNA genome with one open reading frame. Enterovirus protein 3C (or 3CD for some species) binds the replicative element oriL to initiate replication. The replication of enteroviruses features low...

["Evolutionary Studies","Genomics","Virology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3153v2
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