Preprints (not yet peer-reviewed)

325 downloads
708 views

Historically, handling insects has usually involved their being killed, but non-lethal approaches are necessary when evaluating the biology of such organisms. Anesthesia has been used as one of these non-lethal approaches. Two common anesthetics used in this way...

["Anesthesiology and Pain Management","Entomology","Toxicology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2874v1
343 downloads
689 views

Zinc levels in artificial seawater are often unnaturally elevated, and thus potentially toxic to aquacultured corals. However, our knowledge of how zinc affects corals is still limited. We tested the effects of zinc supplementation (0, 1, 10 and 100 µg L–1) on...

["Aquaculture, Fisheries and Fish Science","Marine Biology","Toxicology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2858v1
135 downloads
327 views

Background. Litchi stink-bug, Tessaratoma papillosa Drury (Hemiptera: Tessaratomidae) is a major pest on litchi and longan in Southern China. It is urgent to develop valid biological agent for control the pest and improve IPM strategy on orchard farming. Entomopathogenic...

["Agricultural Science","Entomology","Microbiology","Toxicology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2851v1
159 downloads
374 views

Worldwide concern about the impacts of endocrine disrupting compounds on both human and environmental health has led to implementation of multiple screening and testing programs. In most cases these programs have focused on impacts to the estrogen, androgen and...

["Computational Biology","Toxicology","Science Policy"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2605v1
181 downloads
350 views

In response to the requirements of the US EPA’s Endocrine Disruptor Screening Program, Tier 1 assays have been performed with a number of pesticides over the past several years. These assays are designed to be used in concert as a screen for potential interactions...

["Environmental Sciences","Toxicology","Science Policy"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2596v1
329 downloads
357 views

Water quality benchmarks are developed by many jurisdictions worldwide with the general goal of identifying concentrations that protect aquatic communities. Imidacloprid is a widely-used neonicotinoid insecticide for which benchmark values vary widely between North...

["Agricultural Science","Ecosystem Science","Ecotoxicology","Environmental Sciences","Toxicology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2584v1
230 downloads
270 views

Presentations in session one of the Society of Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry (SETAC) North America Focused Topic Meeting: Endocrine Disruption (February 4 – 6, 2014) described where the science and the regulations have arrived and identified the key challenges...

["Ecology","Environmental Sciences","Genomics","Toxicology","Histology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2583v1
767 downloads
353 views

Approaches to assessing endocrine disruptors (EDs) differ across the globe, with some regulatory environments using a hazard-based approach, while others employ risk-based analyses. In session four of the Society of Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry (SETAC)...

["Environmental Sciences","Toxicology","Science Policy"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2580v1
88 downloads
190 views

This special series of six papers (this introductory paper and 5 other papers) is about the Focused Topic Meeting on Endocrine Disruption Chemical Testing; Risk Assessment Approaches and Implications (4 – 6 February, 2014, Raleigh, North Carolina). The workshop...

["Ecology","Environmental Sciences","Genomics","Toxicology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2578v1
663 downloads
3,121 views

Herbicide use is among the most criticized aspects of modern farming operations, especially in response to widespread adoption of genetically-engineered (GE) herbicide-resistant crops. Many previous analyses of herbicide use have relied on flawed metrics in an...

["Agricultural Science","Ecotoxicology","Environmental Sciences","Plant Science","Toxicology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2540v1
391 downloads
285 views

The focus of this session was on the proposed USEPA Endocrine Disruption Screening Program (EDSP) Tier 2 testing protocols. Tier 2 tests have been developed to evaluate the potential impacts of endocrine disrupting chemicals (EDCs) over the life cycle across organisms...

["Ecosystem Science","Toxicology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2527v1
111 downloads
362 views

The study of subjective, first-person experience is a topic with both philosophical and practical implications. In this article, I discuss the value of collecting a critical mass of prose or verbal descriptions of introspectively determined, subjective effects...

["Toxicology","Evidence Based Medicine","Neurology","Pharmacology","Psychiatry and Psychology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2424v1
122 downloads
303 views

Snakebite envenomings represent a neglected public health issue in many parts of the rural tropical world. Animal-derived antivenoms have existed for more than a hundred years and are effective in neutralizing snake venom toxins when timely administered. However,...

["Bioinformatics","Biotechnology","Toxicology","Immunology","Synthetic Biology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2364v1
158 downloads
414 views

This study examined developmental toxicity of different mercury compounds, including some used in traditional medicines. Medaka (Oryzias latipes) embryos were exposed to 0.001-10 μM concentrations of MeHg, HgCl2, α-HgS (Zhu Sha), and β-HgS (Zuotai) from stage 10...

["Aquaculture, Fisheries and Fish Science","Developmental Biology","Toxicology","Pharmacology","Public Health"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2329v1
211 downloads
657 views

The Brazilian Pampa biome is currently under constant threat due to increase of agriculture and improper management of urban effluents. Studies with focus on the assessment of impacts caused by human activities in this biome are scarce. In the present study we...

["Biochemistry","Ecology","Environmental Sciences","Toxicology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.776v2
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