Preprints (not yet peer-reviewed)

46 downloads
366 views

Background Silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) have been widely used in many commercial products due to their excellent antibacterial ability. The AgNPs are released into the environment, gradually accumulate in the ocean, and may affect animals at high trophic level,...

["Toxicology","Veterinary Medicine","Immunology","Ecotoxicology","Environmental Contamination and Remediation"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.27049v1
1,120 downloads
1,735 views

Global plastics production has reached 380 million metric tons in 2015, with around 40% used for packaging. Plastic packaging is diverse and made of multiple polymers and numerous additives, along with other components, such as adhesives or coatings. Further, packaging...

["Toxicology","Environmental Impacts"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.27036v1
371 downloads
433 views

Larsson and coworkers recently presented a study in Food and Chemical Toxicology on the cumulative risks to the Danish population from dietary exposure to pesticide residues. They base their analysis on food monitoring data, spray journals, controlled field trials...

["Toxicology","Public Health","Food, Water and Energy Nexus"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.26947v1
73 downloads
205 views

Blue crabs, Callinectes sapidus Rathbun, 1896, are ubiquitous along the Atlantic and Gulf coasts of the United States. These organisms play an integral role in the ecosystems of the Gulf of Mexico (GOM), where not only are they a keystone species, but are also...

["Developmental Biology","Marine Biology","Toxicology","Ecotoxicology","Environmental Impacts"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.26750v1
94 downloads
296 views

Background: Acetylation alters several protein properties including molecular weight, stability, enzymatic activity, protein-protein interactions, and other biological functions. Our previous findings demonstrating that diacetyl/peroxynitrite can acetylate L-lysine,...

["Biochemistry","Toxicology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.26613v1
121 downloads
227 views

Backgroud. Mercuric sulfide (HgS) has been used in traditional medicines for thousands of years, such as cinnabar, Zuotai and so on. Increasing research supports that HgS is different from mercury chloride (HgCl2) and methylmercury (MeHg) in toxicity and pharmacology,...

["Toxicology","Pharmacology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3308v1
133 downloads
3,099 views

Background. Pesticidal RNAs silencing critical gene function have great potential in pest management, but the benefits of this technology must be weighed against non-target organism risks. Methods. Published studies that developed pesticidal dsRNAs were collated...

["Biotechnology","Ecology","Entomology","Toxicology","Ecotoxicology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3287v1
58 downloads
414 views

Discarded vehicle tire casings are an important artificial habitat for the developmental stages of numerous vector mosquitoes. Discarded vehicle tires degrade under ultraviolet light and leach numerous soluble metals (e.g., barium, cadmium, zinc) and organic substances...

["Ecology","Entomology","Toxicology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3065v1
148 downloads
728 views

Cadmium (Cd) is one of the most toxic heavy metals and is difficult to remove from contaminated soil and water. Italian ryegrass (Lolium multiflorum), as an energy crop, exhibits a valuable potential to develop Cd polluted sites due to its use as a biofuel rather...

["Plant Science","Toxicology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2883v2
227 downloads
288 views

Neonicotinoid are the most commonly used class of insecticides. Between 2005 and 2010 neonicotinoid use in the USA and UK more than doubled. Anecdotal evidence suggests similar trends exist in New Zealand, where neonicotinoid seed coatings are now often applied...

["Agricultural Science","Ecotoxicology","Environmental Contamination and Remediation","Environmental Sciences","Toxicology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2919v1
909 downloads
846 views

This paper presents a novel assay that allows a quick and robust assessment of the effects of biocides on the initial settling and establishment of marine photoautotrophic biofilms. The assay integrates the response of the multitude of indigenous fouling organisms,...

["Environmental Sciences","Marine Biology","Microbiology","Taxonomy","Toxicology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.240v3
125 downloads
380 views

Chemical pollution was monitored and assessed along the Swedish west coast. 62 of 172 analyzed organic chemicals were detected in the water phase of at least one of five monitored sites. A Concentration Addition based screening-level risk assessment indicates that...

["Environmental Sciences","Toxicology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2894v1
85 downloads
291 views

Atrazine is a widely used herbicide developed for use in range and pastureland. It is present in many surface waters, contaminating nontarget organisms due to its persistence. In this study, the effects of acute exposure to atrazine on retinoid signaling were investigated...

["Aquaculture, Fisheries and Fish Science","Environmental Sciences","Toxicology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2880v2
228 downloads
626 views

Historically, handling insects has usually involved their being killed, but non-lethal approaches are necessary when evaluating the biology of such organisms. Anesthesia has been used as one of these non-lethal approaches. Two common anesthetics used in this way...

["Anesthesiology and Pain Management","Entomology","Toxicology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2874v1
256 downloads
617 views

Zinc levels in artificial seawater are often unnaturally elevated, and thus potentially toxic to aquacultured corals. However, our knowledge of how zinc affects corals is still limited. We tested the effects of zinc supplementation (0, 1, 10 and 100 µg L–1) on...

["Aquaculture, Fisheries and Fish Science","Marine Biology","Toxicology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2858v1
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