Preprints (not yet peer-reviewed)

64 downloads
150 views

An experiment was conducted to test for the presence of prejudice towards obesity and whether weight controllability beliefs information reduces this prejudice and impacts on a person’s own healthy eating self-efficacy. The experiment randomly allocated 346 participants...

["Psychiatry and Psychology","Public Health"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.1701v1
149 downloads
429 views

Time-of-day effects in human psychological functioning have been known of since the 1800s. However, outside of those specifically focused on the quantification of circadian rhythms, they have largely been neglected. Moves toward online data collection now mean...

["Anatomy and Physiology","Psychiatry and Psychology","Statistics"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.1475v3
127 downloads
539 views

Language Impairment (LI) is a developmental disorder that mainly manifests impaired language learning and processing. Evidence, largely from English-speaking population studies, has shown that children with LI compared to typically developing (TD) children have...

["Cognitive Disorders","Neurology","Pediatrics","Psychiatry and Psychology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.1675v1
182 downloads
334 views

Background. In recent years, artificial intelligence (AI) has become an important issue, in which, how to make computers understand the thinking of human being is one of critical topics. If computer could perceive and respond to person's non-verbal language such...

["Kinesiology","Psychiatry and Psychology","Computational Science"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.1650v1
142 downloads
198 views

The heritability of schizophrenia and most personality traits has been well established, but the role of personality in susceptibility to schizophrenia remains uncertain. The aim of this study was to test for an association between personality traits and Neurological...

["Psychiatry and Psychology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.1647v1
570 downloads
1,490 views

Previous studies provided mixed findings on pecularities in p-value distributions in psychology. This paper examined 258,050 test results across 30,710 articles from eight high impact journals to investigate the existence of a peculiar prevalence of p-values just...

["Psychiatry and Psychology","Science Policy","Statistics"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.1642v2
78 downloads
180 views

Background: A “balanced” time perspective has been suggested to have a positive influence on well-being: a sentimental and positive view of the past (high Past Positive), a less pessimistic attitude toward the past (low Past Negative), the desire of experiencing...

["Psychiatry and Psychology","Public Health"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.1630v1
97 downloads
302 views

Background. Research on sports has revealed that behavioral responses and event-related brain potentials (ERP) are better in expert than in novice athletes for sport-related tasks. Focused attention is essential for optimal athletic performance across different...

["Neuroscience","Psychiatry and Psychology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.1622v1
47 downloads
171 views

The use of the Family Service Coordinator is still a relative newcomer to the organ procurement/transplantation field. Since no comprehensive training and recognition program exists, Lifesharing, A Donate Life Organization, decided to develop a Certified Family...

["Emergency and Critical Care","Psychiatry and Psychology","Ethical Issues","Palliative Care"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.1617v1
222 downloads
822 views

Background: Transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) is a non-invasive neuromodulatory technique that has shown encouraging results regarding performance improvement of normal subjects in tests of executive functions. Moreover, when applied repeatedly in...

["Clinical Trials","Neurology","Psychiatry and Psychology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.1610v1
115 downloads
255 views

Background: Research addressing distinctions and similarities between people’s malevolent character traits (i.e., the Dark Triad: Machiavellianism, narcissism, and psychopathy) has detected mixed and inconsistent linear associations to temperament traits. On this...

["Psychiatry and Psychology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.1611v1
184 downloads
596 views

Background: The dark side of human character has been conceptualized in the Dark Triad Model: Machiavellianism, psychopathy, and narcissism. These three dark traits are often measured using single long instruments for each one of the traits. Nevertheless, there...

["Psychiatry and Psychology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.1605v1
125 downloads
307 views

Studying the effects of experimentally induced anxiety in healthy volunteers may increase our understanding of the mechanisms underpinning anxiety disorders. Prior work has shown that experimentally induced anxiety (via threat of unpredictable shock) improves accuracy...

["Neuroscience","Psychiatry and Psychology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.1542v1
821 downloads
1,369 views

In their article reporting the results of two experiments, Thorstenson, Pazda, & Elliot (2015a) found evidence that perception of colors on the blue-yellow axis was impaired if the participants had watched a sad movie clip, relative to participants who watched...

["Neuroscience","Psychiatry and Psychology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.1536v1
266 downloads
304 views

Introduction: Despite growing concerns over pathological use of the Internet, studies based on validated psychometric instruments are still lacking in Pakistan. The present study aimed to examine the psychometric properties of Young’s Internet Addiction Test (IAT)...

["Psychiatry and Psychology","Human-Computer Interaction"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.1531v1
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