Preprints (not yet peer-reviewed)

74 downloads
362 views

Aim: The etiology of pregnancy denial remains poorly understood. Neither necessary nor sufficient conditions can be synthesized from the risk factors identified from psychological analyses. In accordance with clinical observations, we aim to explain denial of pregnancy...

["Evolutionary Studies","Gynecology and Obstetrics","Psychiatry and Psychology","Women's Health","Legal Issues"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.1853v1
46 downloads
255 views

The core tasks of the Federal Institute for Drugs and Medical Devices (Bundesinstitut für Arzneimittel und Medizinprodukte [BfArM]) with respect to medical device safety include evaluating risks arising from the use or application of medical devices (based on incident...

["Drugs and Devices","Psychiatry and Psychology","Human-Computer Interaction"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.1840v1
48 downloads
275 views

Research on great ape gestural communication has hitherto prioritised the signaller, focusing on the expressed repertoire, the set of gesture types that an individual deploys. In this study of wild bonobos (Pan paniscus), we also examine the understood repertoire,...

["Animal Behavior","Psychiatry and Psychology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.1819v1
194 downloads
737 views

A strongly embodied view of language holds that, to understand a word, you must simulate associated sensory input (e.g. simulate perception of brightness to understand 'lamp'), and prepare associated actions (e.g. prepare finger movements to understand 'typing')....

["Neuroscience","Psychiatry and Psychology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.1795v1
131 downloads
233 views

There is no doubt that people find flowers beautiful. Surprisingly, we know very little about the actual properties which make flowers so appealing to humans. Although the evolutionary aesthetics provides some theories concerning generally preferred flower traits,...

["Psychiatry and Psychology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.1772v1
253 downloads
291 views

Aim: A woman in denial of pregnancy is pregnant but remains unaware of her gravid state. In the case of a false pregnancy; the woman is not pregnant but believes she is and presents signs and symptoms of pregnancy. These syndromes correspond to opposite contradictions...

["Evolutionary Studies","Gynecology and Obstetrics","Psychiatry and Psychology","Women's Health"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.1761v1
213 downloads
725 views

Purpose: To verify the reliability and validity of the Assessment of Positive Occupation 15 (APO-15) in individuals with mental disabilities living in communities or admitted in hospitals. Methods: A sample of 408 individuals with mental disabilities completed...

["Epidemiology","Nursing","Psychiatry and Psychology","Public Health","Statistics"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.1722v1
68 downloads
159 views

An experiment was conducted to test for the presence of prejudice towards obesity and whether weight controllability beliefs information reduces this prejudice and impacts on a person’s own healthy eating self-efficacy. The experiment randomly allocated 346 participants...

["Psychiatry and Psychology","Public Health"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.1701v1
156 downloads
444 views

Time-of-day effects in human psychological functioning have been known of since the 1800s. However, outside of those specifically focused on the quantification of circadian rhythms, they have largely been neglected. Moves toward online data collection now mean...

["Anatomy and Physiology","Psychiatry and Psychology","Statistics"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.1475v3
135 downloads
562 views

Language Impairment (LI) is a developmental disorder that mainly manifests impaired language learning and processing. Evidence, largely from English-speaking population studies, has shown that children with LI compared to typically developing (TD) children have...

["Cognitive Disorders","Neurology","Pediatrics","Psychiatry and Psychology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.1675v1
208 downloads
369 views

Background. In recent years, artificial intelligence (AI) has become an important issue, in which, how to make computers understand the thinking of human being is one of critical topics. If computer could perceive and respond to person's non-verbal language such...

["Kinesiology","Psychiatry and Psychology","Computational Science"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.1650v1
148 downloads
208 views

The heritability of schizophrenia and most personality traits has been well established, but the role of personality in susceptibility to schizophrenia remains uncertain. The aim of this study was to test for an association between personality traits and Neurological...

["Psychiatry and Psychology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.1647v1
581 downloads
1,515 views

Previous studies provided mixed findings on pecularities in p-value distributions in psychology. This paper examined 258,050 test results across 30,710 articles from eight high impact journals to investigate the existence of a peculiar prevalence of p-values just...

["Psychiatry and Psychology","Science Policy","Statistics"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.1642v2
83 downloads
192 views

Background: A “balanced” time perspective has been suggested to have a positive influence on well-being: a sentimental and positive view of the past (high Past Positive), a less pessimistic attitude toward the past (low Past Negative), the desire of experiencing...

["Psychiatry and Psychology","Public Health"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.1630v1
99 downloads
332 views

Background. Research on sports has revealed that behavioral responses and event-related brain potentials (ERP) are better in expert than in novice athletes for sport-related tasks. Focused attention is essential for optimal athletic performance across different...

["Neuroscience","Psychiatry and Psychology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.1622v1
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