Preprints (not yet peer-reviewed)

29 downloads
54 views

Objectives. To examine maternal functioning and wellbeing as important aspects of a family’s adaptation to chronic paediatric conditions, in particular, children with diabetes. Method. This cross-sectional study investigated the difference between the perceived...

["Psychiatry and Psychology","Public Health"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3199v1
231 downloads
1,117 views

The Smarter Lunchrooms intervention approach aims to tackle childhood obesity by promoting healthier nutrition through the use of choice architecture or ‘nudge’ tactics in school lunchrooms. I reviewed research papers that were described by Cornell University as...

["Nutrition","Psychiatry and Psychology","Public Health"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3137v1
15 downloads
92 views

This study investigated semantic and perceptual influences on false recognition in older and young adults in a variant on the Deese-Roediger-McDermott paradigm. In two experiments, participants encoded intermixed sets of semantically associated words, and sets...

["Neuroscience","Psychiatry and Psychology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3126v1
42 downloads
250 views

In recent years, with the emergence of relatively inexpensive and accessible virtual reality technologies, it is now possible to deliver compelling and realistic simulations of human-to-human interaction. Neuroimaging studies have shown that, when participants...

["Neuroscience","Psychiatry and Psychology","Human-Computer Interaction"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3018v1
118 downloads
611 views

The involvement of the right and left hemispheres in mediating language functions has been measured in a variety of ways over the centuries since the relative dominance of the left hemisphere was first known. Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) presents...

["Neuroscience","Neurology","Psychiatry and Psychology","Radiology and Medical Imaging"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2962v2
1,146 downloads
4,302 views

Background: Paediatric SLT roles often involve planning individualised intervention for specific children (provided directly by SLTs or indirectly through non-SLTs), working collaboratively with families and education staff and providing advice and training. A...

["Cognitive Disorders","Evidence Based Medicine","Pediatrics","Psychiatry and Psychology","Public Health"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2951v1
73 downloads
391 views

Background. High talker variability (i.e. multiple voices in the input) has been found effective in training non-native phonetic contrasts in adults. A small number of studies suggest that children also benefit from high-variability phonetic training with some...

["Psychiatry and Psychology","Computational Science"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2870v2
68 downloads
203 views

Objective: The purpose of this study was to demonstrate the effects of the achievement motive on important variables such as the purpose in life and social participation with objective physical functions in predicting within-person fluctuations and between-person...

["Evidence Based Medicine","Geriatrics","Psychiatry and Psychology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2801v1
3,596 downloads
8,040 views

Background: Lack of agreement about criteria and terminology for children’s language difficulties affects access to services as well as hindering research and practice. We report the second phase of a study using an online Delphi method to address these issues....

["Cognitive Disorders","Pediatrics","Psychiatry and Psychology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2484v2
695 downloads
626 views

This study was conducted to investigate the theory of dual coding on remembering words, by testing whether concrete words are better recalled than abstract words. A total of 298 (from Asian ethnicity) participants took part in this study. The participants were...

["Psychiatry and Psychology","Statistics"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2719v1
189 downloads
575 views

Measurement of pupil size (pupillometry) has recently gained renewed interest from psychologists, but there is little agreement on how pupil-size data is best analyzed. Here we focus on one aspect of pupillometric analyses: baseline correction, that is, analyzing...

["Neuroscience","Ophthalmology","Psychiatry and Psychology","Statistics"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2725v1
367 downloads
731 views

While the term ‘‘psychopathy’’ is embedded with negativity, evidence points to the existence of another form of psychopathy, which involves adaptive traits such as stress and anxiety immunity, remarkable social skills, noteworthy leadership ability, and an absence...

["Cognitive Disorders","Psychiatry and Psychology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2081v3
542 downloads
811 views

A novel model is presented to explain human social behavior. In recent years, a cephalo-caudal directionality to behavior has been reported in a few mammals including rodents, cattle and cats. This model shows how complex human behavior also follows this rule of...

["Animal Behavior","Psychiatry and Psychology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.127v3
253 downloads
696 views

Misconceptions about the assumptions behind the standard linear regression model are widespread and dangerous. These lead to using linear regression when inappropriate, and to employing alternative procedures with less statistical power when unnecessary. Our systematic...

["Psychiatry and Psychology","Statistics"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2602v1
159 downloads
580 views

Humans are highly adept at categorizing visual stimuli, but studies of human categorization are typically validated by verbal reports. This makes it difficult to perform comparative studies of categorization using non-human animals. Interpretation of comparative...

["Animal Behavior","Psychiatry and Psychology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.967v3
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