Preprints (not yet peer-reviewed)

7 downloads
116 views

Background: Drugs for dementia have been available in England from 1997. Since their launch, there have been several changes to national guidelines and initiatives that may have influenced prescribing. These include changes in National Institute for health and...

["Neuroscience","Epidemiology","Pharmacology","Statistics"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3238v1
5 downloads
62 views

Previously, we revealed that several kampo medicines which are used for the patients with excess and/or medium patterns [kakkonto (TJ-1), shosaikoto (TJ-9), hangeshashinto (TJ-14), and orento (TJ-120)] decreased prostaglandin (PG)E2 by LPS-treated human gingival...

["Cell Biology","Dentistry","Pharmacology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3227v1
27 downloads
131 views

The classical way of defining enzyme inhibition has obscured the distinction between inhibitory effect and the inhibitor binding constant. This article examines the relationship between the simple binding curve used to define biomolecular interactions and the standard...

["Biochemistry","Computational Biology","Mathematical Biology","Drugs and Devices","Pharmacology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3094v1
72 downloads
210 views

Abstract Ginsenoside Rk1 (G-Rk1) is one of the unique components created by processing ginseng at high temperature, in particular of Sun Ginseng (SG). The aim of our study was to systematically review the pharmacological effects of G-Rk1.we conducted our search...

["Plant Science","Evidence Based Medicine","Pharmacology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3013v1
275 downloads
513 views

In this review, we present a summary of how computer modeling has been used in the development of covalent modifier drugs. Covalent modifier drugs bind by forming a chemical bond with their target. This covalent binding can improve the selectivity of the drug for...

["Biochemistry","Bioinformatics","Biophysics","Pharmacology","Computational Science"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2857v2
30 downloads
182 views

Propofol is an intravenous anesthetic commonly used due to its favorable pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic profile. There are discrepancies in the literature about the most appropriate sample for determining propofol concentrations. Although plasma has been used...

["Veterinary Medicine","Pharmacology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2885v1
37 downloads
247 views

Background. Osteoarthritis is the leading cause of chronic joint pain, causing important productivity and economic losses. It is believed that peripheral and centralized sensitization play a role in the creation and maintenance of a chronic painful state. Different...

["Anaesthesiology and Pain Management","Pharmacology","Rheumatology","Translational Medicine"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2704v1
16 downloads
184 views

The biological activities of quinoxalone, a novel small molecular substance isolated from the broth of the myxobacterium Stigmatella eracta WXNXJ-B, was investigated. This study was designed to determine the anti-proliferative, apoptotic property of quinoxalone,...

["Biotechnology","Microbiology","Pharmacology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2703v1
19 downloads
179 views

Maximakinin (MK), an amphibian peptide possessing the C-terminal sequence of bradykinin (BK), is a BK B2 receptor (B2R) agonist eliciting prolonged signaling. We reinvestigated this 19-mer for species-specific pharmacologic profile, in vivo confirmation of resistance...

["Cardiology","Pharmacology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2641v1
46 downloads
266 views

Benign prostatic hyperplasia is a common disease in men aged over 50 years old, with an incidence increasing to more than 80% over the age of 70, that is increasingly going to attract pharmaceutical interest. Within conventional therapies, such as α-adrenoreceptor...

["Computational Biology","Pharmacology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2543v1
41 downloads
245 views

The study of subjective, first-person experience is a topic with both philosophical and practical implications. In this article, I discuss the value of collecting a critical mass of prose or verbal descriptions of introspectively determined, subjective effects...

["Toxicology","Evidence Based Medicine","Neurology","Pharmacology","Psychiatry and Psychology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2424v1
196 downloads
355 views

The late detection of non-genotoxic carcinogens in the drug development process can delay drug candidates for unmet medical needs from reaching the market despite considerable investments in their development. To enable faster, safer, and less expensive development...

["Bioinformatics","Computational Biology","Molecular Biology","Oncology","Pharmacology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2393v1
98 downloads
241 views

This study examined developmental toxicity of different mercury compounds, including some used in traditional medicines. Medaka (Oryzias latipes) embryos were exposed to 0.001-10 μM concentrations of MeHg, HgCl2, α-HgS (Zhu Sha), and β-HgS (Zuotai) from stage 10...

["Aquaculture, Fisheries and Fish Science","Developmental Biology","Toxicology","Pharmacology","Public Health"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2329v1
841 downloads
386 views

Zebrafish (Danio rerio) have emerged as a popular model for studying pharmacological effects on behavior and anxiety. While there have been numerous studies documenting the anxiolytic and anxiogenic effects of common drugs in zebrafish, many do not report or test...

["Animal Behavior","Zoology","Pharmacology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.1718v3
207 downloads
294 views

A 6-year-old female Shetland Sheepdog with a history of cardiorespiratory compromise during general anaesthesia was referred for ovariohysterectomy surgery. Clinical examination was unremarkable at presentation and physiologic parameters under general anaesthesia...

["Veterinary Medicine","Allergy and Clinical Immunology","Anaesthesiology and Pain Management","Emergency and Critical Care","Pharmacology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2275v1
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