Preprints (not yet peer-reviewed)

259 downloads
228 views

Bayesian statistics, in contrast to classical statistics, uses probability to represent uncertainty about the state of knowledge. Bayesian statistics has often been associated with the idea that knowledge is subjective and that a probability distribution represents...

["Conservation Biology","Ecology","Mathematical Biology","Science Policy","Statistics"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.1755v1
219 downloads
566 views

Data is the cornerstone of the modern academic industry, like a constant production line of consumable goods packaged with a veneer of statistical techniques. Biomedical and psychological sciences invert the traditional logic of the physical sciences where hypotheses...

["Science Policy","Statistics"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.1655v2
72 downloads
255 views

The genome–wide study of epigenetic states requires the integrative analysis of histone modification ChIP–seq data. Here, we introduce an easy–to–use analytic framework to compare profiles of enrichment in histone modifications around classes of genomic elements,...

["Bioinformatics","Computational Biology","Genomics","Statistics"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.1723v2
160 downloads
590 views

Purpose: To verify the reliability and validity of the Assessment of Positive Occupation 15 (APO-15) in individuals with mental disabilities living in communities or admitted in hospitals. Methods: A sample of 408 individuals with mental disabilities completed...

["Epidemiology","Nursing","Psychiatry and Psychology","Public Health","Statistics"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.1722v1
779 downloads
374 views

The natural sciences, such as ecology and earth science, study complex interactions between biotic and abiotic systems in order to infer understanding and make predictions. Machine-learning-based methods have an advantage over traditional statistical methods in...

["Bioinformatics","Ecology","Statistics","Computational Science"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.1720v1
145 downloads
399 views

Time-of-day effects in human psychological functioning have been known of since the 1800s. However, outside of those specifically focused on the quantification of circadian rhythms, they have largely been neglected. Moves toward online data collection now mean...

["Anatomy and Physiology","Psychiatry and Psychology","Statistics"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.1475v3
578 downloads
4,331 views

Background: The p-curve is a plot of the distribution of p-values reported in a set of scientific studies. Comparisons between ranges of p-values have been used to evaluate fields of research in terms of the extent to which studies have genuine evidential value,...

["Science Policy","Statistics"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.1266v4
174 downloads
117 views

Length of hospital stay (LOS) is of primary importance in health services research because it is directly related to health care management and cost of health care. In some epidemiological settings the actual length of stay is not directly observed but it is known...

["Mathematical Biology","Epidemiology","Infectious Diseases","Public Health","Statistics"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.1663v1
76 downloads
176 views

Solving an environmental problem requires stakeholder understanding and agreement. What appears to be simple problems to define become complex when data determine outcomes. This paper will describe the seven step decision logic developed for and used by US EPA...

["Environmental Sciences","Legal Issues","Science and Medical Education","Science Policy","Statistics"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.1648v1
557 downloads
1,438 views

Previous studies provided mixed findings on pecularities in p-value distributions in psychology. This paper examined 258,050 test results across 30,710 articles from eight high impact journals to investigate the existence of a peculiar prevalence of p-values just...

["Psychiatry and Psychology","Science Policy","Statistics"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.1642v2
227 downloads
278 views

Sex expression and floral morphology studies are central to understand breeding behavior and to define the productive potential of plant genotypes. In particular, the new bioenergy crop Jatropha curcas L. has been classified as a monoecious species. Nonetheless,...

["Agricultural Science","Biodiversity","Evolutionary Studies","Statistics"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.1627v1
42 downloads
153 views

The conservation and management of wild populations and ecosystems almost always involves making decisions in the face of uncertainty and risk. The application of science to the ecological decision-making process was something that the late Professor Daniel Goodman...

["Conservation Biology","Ecology","Mathematical Biology","Science Policy","Statistics"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.1583v1
290 downloads
494 views

In recent years, there is an emergence of antibiotic-resistant bacterial strains due to the indiscriminate use of antibiotics, commonly prescribed to treat infectious diseases. The increasing occurrence of antibiotic resistance has undoubtedly made bacterial infections...

["Cell Biology","Microbiology","Plant Science","Infectious Diseases","Statistics"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.1580v1
107 downloads
219 views

Extinctions and threats of extinctions in avifaunas on oceanic islands appear to be influenced by several island characteristics and introduced mammalian predators. These predators may have caused a “filter effect”; low numbers of threatened avian species on some...

["Conservation Biology","Ecology","Statistics"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.1528v1
93 downloads
214 views

The clinical utility of microbiome biomarkers depends on the reliable and reproducible nature of comparative results. Underappreciation of the variation associated with common demographic, health, and behavioral factors may confound associations of interest and...

["Microbiology","Gastroenterology and Hepatology","Public Health","Statistics"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.1512v1
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