Preprints (not yet peer-reviewed)

230 downloads
2,133 views

Despite women earning similar numbers of graduate degrees as men in STEM disciplines, they are underrepresented in upper level positions in both academia and industry. Editorial board memberships are an important example of such positions; membership is both a...

["Science Policy"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.369v3
583 downloads
1,490 views

Journal title abbreviations in articles’ lists of citations are troublesome for authors, editors, librarians, and researchers. While the origin of these abbreviations in the mid-17th century, and their propagation to modern times was likely the result of a desire...

["Ecology","Science Policy"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.445v1
1,171 downloads
1,793 views

Indo-Pacific lionfish have invaded large parts of the western Atlantic, Caribbean and Gulf of Mexico, and have already caused measurable declines in native Atlantic reef fauna. Culling efforts are occurring across the region, particularly on coral reefs, to reduce...

["Conservation Biology","Ecology","Marine Biology","Science Policy"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.398v1
385 downloads
671 views

Published discussions on data stewardship often focus on standardized datasets whose reuse patterns are known. Improvements in stewardship of animal behavior data are virtually absent and lag behind other disciplines such as molecular biology and systematics. In...

["Animal Behavior","Biodiversity","Science Policy"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.396v1
112 downloads
348 views

Importance sampling is widely used in coalescent theory to compute data likelihood. Efficient importance sampling requires a trial distribution close to the target distribution of the genealogies conditioned on the data. Moreover, an efficient proposal requires...

["Computational Biology","Genetics","Mathematical Biology","Science Policy","Statistics"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.395v1
3,176 downloads
4,406 views

As rates of traditional sources of scientific funding decline, scientists have become increasingly interested in crowdfunding as a means of bringing in new money for research. In fields where crowdfunding has become a major venue for fundraising such as the arts...

["Science and Medical Education","Science Policy"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.393v2
658 downloads
765 views

The role of soil organic carbon (SOC) in maintaining soil conditions and its resulting services is well established. Currently, over 1,000 articles per year are being published in peer-reviewed journals, and increasing at about 10% per year. It was not until the...

["Agricultural Science","Ecology","Environmental Sciences","Soil Science","Science Policy"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.366v1
263 downloads
336 views

Motivation: In environmental risk assessment, information about potential health risks of chemicals released into the environment is compiled and distilled for use in informing public policy. The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) produces Integrated Science...

["Ecology","Environmental Sciences","Toxicology","Computational Science","Science Policy"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.300v1
671 downloads
693 views

William Bateson’s background and training suggest sympathy with the black emancipation movement. Yet the movement’s success is attributed more to battles between political figures, than between scientists with contending views on the biology of racial differences....

["Evolutionary Studies","Genetics","Ethical Issues","Legal Issues","Science Policy"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.294v1
152 downloads
402 views

Heart rate variability (HRV) is the study of the beat‐to‐beat variability in the heart rate, which is a consequence of the immediate state of the autonomic nervous system. While it is a popular psychobiological technique, flexibility within analytical methods allows...

["Psychiatry and Psychology","Science Policy"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.277v1
351 downloads
1,329 views

Experimentation is fundamental to the scientific method, whether for exploration, description or explanation. In the exploration of a novel system, children and researchers alike will mess about with things just to see what happens. More formalized experimental...

["Computational Biology","Mathematical Biology","Cardiology","Translational Medicine","Science Policy"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.273v1
215 downloads
708 views

Well-established scientists are expected to be more likely to have their work recognised than early-career individuals and thus receive more citations. Estimating the degree of inequality in citation counts in environmental sciences can help identify the dynamics...

["Ethical Issues","Science Policy"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.265v1
293 downloads
669 views

Open science is increasingly gaining attention in recent years. In this mini-review, we briefly discuss and summarize the reasons of introducing open science into academic publications for scientists. We argue that open-source software (like R and Python software)...

["Bioinformatics","Computational Science","Legal Issues","Science and Medical Education","Science Policy"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.235v1
395 downloads
667 views

The directed harvest and global trade in the gill plates of mantas, and other mobulid rays, has led to increased fishing pressure and steep population declines in some locations. The slow life history, particularly of the manta rays, is cited as a key reason why...

["Aquaculture, Fisheries and Fish Science","Conservation Biology","Ecology","Marine Biology","Science Policy"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.162v1
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