Preprints (not yet peer-reviewed)

415 downloads
123 views

This paper takes a scientometric approach to examining one of Chinese Interpreting Studies’ (CIS) most productive sources of research, MA theses, with the aim of answering the following questions: How has the discipline changed over time? What fields and theories...

["Science Policy","Statistics","Computational Science"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.958v1
67 downloads
151 views

There is no denying that the growth of interpreting as an industry in China has been an explosive one. The increasing need for economic and political cooperation has spurred the demand for interpreters to bridge the linguistic and cultural divides that exist between...

["Science Policy","Statistics","Computational Science"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.951v1
226 downloads
352 views

Regression analyses of results from the Times Higher Education (THES)-Ranking and Shanghai University’s Academic Ranking of World Universities (ARWU)-Ranking from 2010-2014 show fluctuations in the rank and score for lower scoring universities (below position 50)...

["Science and Medical Education","Science Policy","Statistics"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.938v1
433 downloads
1,676 views

This article provides an overview of the literature on the use of internet-based testing to address questions in perception research. Internet-based testing has several advantages over in-lab research, including the ability to reach a relatively broad set of participants...

["Psychiatry and Psychology","Ethical Issues","Science and Medical Education","Science Policy","Computational Science"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.921v1
85 downloads
374 views

Data are the foundation of empirical research, yet all too often the datasets underlying published papers are unavailable, incorrect, or poorly curated. This is a serious issue, because future researchers are then unable to validate published results or reuse data...

["Evolutionary Studies","Taxonomy","Zoology","Science Policy"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.832v1
1,318 downloads
563 views

Despite the increasing availability of chemicals, the number of New Drug Approvals (NDA) from the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) remains unchanged. The number of chemical structures available online via web-based open source applications will reach the symbolic...

["Bioinformatics","Public Health","Translational Medicine","Science Policy","Statistics"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.813v1
1,204 downloads
4,074 views

We have investigated the relationship between research group size and productivity in the life sciences in the United Kingdom using data from 398 principle investigators (PIs). We show that the number of publications increases linearly with group size, but that...

["Science and Medical Education","Science Policy","Statistics"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.812v1
274 downloads
1,204 views

Background: Open access (OA) journals disseminate research papers free of charge to the reader. Traditionally, biomedical researchers use databases like MEDLINE and EMBASE to discover new advances. However, biomedical OA journals might not fulfil such databases’...

["Science and Medical Education","Science Policy"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.717v1
273 downloads
501 views

This article outlines a protocol for a systematic review into consumer attitudes, beliefs and perceived ethical obligations towards farm animal welfare, utilizing both the Theory of Reasoned Action and the Theory of Planned Behavior. A number of secondary objectives...

["Agricultural Science","Food Science and Technology","Science Policy"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.676v1
223 downloads
356 views

This article outlines a protocol for a meta-analysis into willingness-to-pay (WTP) for farm animal welfare. The analysis seeks to establish the public's WTP for farm animal welfare and whether there is evidence to support niche markets for products produced to...

["Agricultural Science","Food Science and Technology","Science Policy"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.675v1
27,585 downloads
5,135 views

It is known that statistically significant (positive) results are more likely to be published than non-significant (negative) results. However, it has been unclear whether any increasing prevalence of positive results is stronger in the “softer” disciplines (social...

["Science Policy","Statistics"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.447v4
535 downloads
469 views

Each year, over 45 countries export 30 million fish from coral reefs as part of the global marine ornamental aquarium trade. This catch volume is affected by collection methods that cause mortality. Barotrauma caused by forced ascent of collected fish from depth...

["Aquaculture, Fisheries and Fish Science","Conservation Biology","Environmental Sciences","Marine Biology","Science Policy"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.591v1
855 downloads
2,737 views

The field of ecology is poised to take advantage of emerging technologies that facilitate the gathering, analyzing, and sharing of data, methods, and results. The concept of transparency at all stages of the research process, coupled with free and open access to...

["Ecology","Science Policy"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.549v1
429 downloads
1,358 views

Personal impact factors (e.g., the h-index) are becoming more and more important in evaluations of faculty with respect to job hiring, promotion, and tenure, but they are largely poorly understood by the community at large. The purpose of this study is to educate...

["Science Policy","Statistics"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.477v1
233 downloads
2,215 views

Despite women earning similar numbers of graduate degrees as men in STEM disciplines, they are underrepresented in upper level positions in both academia and industry. Editorial board memberships are an important example of such positions; membership is both a...

["Science Policy"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.369v3
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