Preprints (not yet peer-reviewed)

383 downloads
1,298 views

Following on recent initiatives in which funders and libraries directly fund open access publishing, this study works out the economics of systematically applying this approach to three biomedical and biology publishing entities by determining the publishing costs...

["Health Policy","Science Policy"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3392v1
37 downloads
158 views

For more than 20 years, panels of experts have recommended that universities collect and publish data on the career outcomes of Ph.D. students. However, little progress has been made. Over the past few years, a handful of universities, including those in the National...

["Science and Medical Education","Science Policy"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3370v1
157 downloads
837 views

Objective: To assess industry payments to physician journal editors, and determine how their financial conflict of interest rate compares to all physicians within the specialty. Study Design and Setting: Open Payments is a United States federal program that mandates...

["Ethical Issues","Science and Medical Education","Science Policy"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3359v1
18 downloads
158 views

Quality disciplines have been widely used for decades in industrial and business fields. It is only in recent times, however, that Quality management and approaches have received proper attention in life science. The development, optimization, validation and dissemination...

["Biochemistry","Cell Biology","Developmental Biology","Ethical Issues","Science Policy"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3316v1
44 downloads
162 views

This document describes a methodology for continual assessment of the impact of malaria interventions, and the efficiency of the malaria programme. The methodology is designed to be implemented recurrently on a cycle of 2–5 years, with the involvement of stakeholders,...

["Epidemiology","Public Health","Science Policy"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3263v1
1,299 downloads
4,042 views

Open scholarship, such as the sharing of articles, code, data, and educational resources, has the potential to improve university research and education, as well as increase the impact universities can have beyond their own walls. To support this perspective, I...

["Science and Medical Education","Science Policy"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2711v3
224 downloads
2,369 views

Peer review is the gold standard for scientific communication, but its ability to guarantee the quality of published research remains difficult to verify. Recent modeling studies suggest that peer review is sensitive to reviewer misbehavior, and it has been claimed...

["Ethical Issues","Science Policy"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3005v4
352 downloads
5,356 views

In 1961, the NIH began to circulate biological preprints in a forgotten experiment called the Information Exchange Groups (IEGs). This system eventually attracted over 3600 participants and saw the production of over 2,500 different documents, but by 1967 it was...

["Biochemistry","Science Policy"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3174v1
64 downloads
469 views

Preprints emerged as a medium for exchanging ideas and new research data in the physics and mathematics community through the arXiv preprint server, and the phenomenon has since spread to biology and chemistry, with the promulgation of a variety of preprint servers...

["Science Policy"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3154v1
4,947 downloads
16,048 views

Despite growing interest in Open Access (OA) to scholarly literature, there is an unmet need for large-scale, up-to-date, and reproducible studies assessing the prevalence and characteristics of OA. We address this need using oaDOI, an open online service that...

["Legal Issues","Science Policy","Data Science"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3119v1
69 downloads
461 views

The US National Institutes of Health (NIH) recently announced that they would limit the number of grants per scientist and redistribute their funds across a larger group of researchers. The policy was withdrawn a month later after criticism from the scientific...

["Science Policy"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3106v1
123 downloads
536 views

Recovery planning is an essential part of implementing the U.S. Endangered Species Act (ESA), but conservationists and government agencies recognize challenges with the current planning process. Common criticisms are that too many species lack recovery plans, plans...

["Biodiversity","Conservation Biology","Science Policy"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2882v2
95 downloads
337 views

Background Publication bias is a form of scientific misconduct. It threatens the validity of research results and the credibility of science. Although several tests on publication bias exist, no in-depth evaluations are available that suggest which test to use...

["Ethical Issues","Science Policy","Statistics"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3059v1
586 downloads
2,520 views

This essay proposes mathematical answers to meta-scientific questions including "how much knowledge is produced by research?", "how rapidly is a field making progress?", "what is the expected reproducibility of a result?", "what do we mean by soft science?", "what...

["Computational Biology","Evolutionary Studies","Science Policy","Statistics","Computational Science"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.1968v3
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