Preprints (not yet peer-reviewed)

The US National Institutes of Health (NIH) recently announced that they would limit the number of grants per scientist and redistribute their funds across a larger group of researchers. The policy was withdrawn a month later after criticism from the scientific...

["Science Policy"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3106v1
87 downloads
403 views

Recovery planning is an essential part of implementing the U.S. Endangered Species Act (ESA), but conservationists and government agencies recognize challenges with the current planning process. Common criticisms are that too many species lack recovery plans, plans...

["Biodiversity","Conservation Biology","Science Policy"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2882v2
35 downloads
254 views

Background Publication bias is a form of scientific misconduct. It threatens the validity of research results and the credibility of science. Although several tests on publication bias exist, no in-depth evaluations are available that suggest which test to use...

["Ethical Issues","Science Policy","Statistics"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3059v1
454 downloads
2,127 views

This essay proposes mathematical answers to meta-scientific questions including "how much knowledge is produced by research?", "how rapidly is a field making progress?", "what is the expected reproducibility of a result?", "what do we mean by soft science?", "what...

["Computational Biology","Evolutionary Studies","Science Policy","Statistics","Computational Science"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.1968v3
486 downloads
404 views

We previously reported over 150 inconsistencies in a series of four articles (the "pizza papers") from the Cornell Food and Brand Lab that described a study of eating habits at an all-you-can-eat pizza buffet. The lab's initial response led us to investigate more...

["Ethical Issues","Science Policy","Statistics"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3025v1
783 downloads
4,099 views

The widespread use of 'statistical significance' as a license for making a claim of a scientific finding leads to considerable distortion of the scientific process (according to the American Statistical Association). We review why degrading p-values into 'significant'...

["Science Policy","Statistics"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2921v2
169 downloads
1,804 views

Peer review is the gold standard for scientific communication, but its ability to guarantee the quality of published research remains difficult to verify. Recent modeling studies suggest that peer review is sensitive to reviewer misbehavior, and it has been claimed...

["Ethical Issues","Science Policy"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3005v3
34 downloads
465 views

Research assessment is the process or a metric which aims to assess the impact of the research study. The assessment may include the process that aims in evaluating the quality or intellect of a researcher given the notion that qualified scientists are more productive...

["Ethical Issues","Science and Medical Education","Science Policy"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3015v1
28 downloads
95 views

Clinical bioinformatics is an emerging field in diagnostic genetics laboratories that are harnessing next-generation sequencing technologies to improve patient care. This document provides guidance for the development and validation of software used for delivery...

["Bioinformatics","Genomics","Science Policy"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2996v1
98 downloads
245 views

Robotic Labs, in which experiments are carried out entirely by robots, have the potential to provide a reproducible and transparent foundation for performing basic biomedical laboratory experiments. In this article, we investigate whether these labs are applicable...

["Biochemistry","Science Policy"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2974v1
67 downloads
1,321 views

Government agencies faced with politically controversial decisions often discount or ignore scientific information, whether from agency staff or non-governmental scientists. Recent developments in scientific integrity (the ability to perform, use, communicate and...

["Conservation Biology","Science Policy"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2946v1
70 downloads
429 views

Fisheries sciences and management involve complex problems not easily addressed by a single set of stakeholders or methodologies from one discipline; accordingly, the Canadian Fisheries Research Network (CFRN) was initiated to increase fisheries research capacity...

["Aquaculture, Fisheries and Fish Science","Ecosystem Science","Science and Medical Education","Science Policy","Coupled Natural and Human Systems"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2291v2
312 downloads
1,177 views

1) DNA metabarcoding holds great promise for the assessment of macroinvertebrates in stream ecosystems. However, few large-scale studies have compared the performance of DNA metabarcoding with that of routine morphological identification. 2) We performed metabarcoding...

["Biodiversity","Environmental Sciences","Molecular Biology","Zoology","Science Policy"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2759v3
270 downloads
419 views

This document summarizes a series of authoritative views on research data management, sharing and citation, developed in Expert Groups, Working Groups, and other activities organized through FORCE11 (http://force11.org), an international community of over 2,000...

["Translational Medicine","Science Policy","Human-Computer Interaction","Computational Science"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2836v1
117 downloads
210 views

The “reproducibility crisis” has been a highly visible source of scientific controversy and dispute. Here, I propose and review several avenues for identifying and prioritizing research studies for the purpose of targeted validation. Of the various proposals discussed,...

["Bioinformatics","Evidence Based Medicine","Health Policy","Translational Medicine","Science Policy"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2830v1
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