Preprints (not yet peer-reviewed)

2 downloads
49 views

This document describes a methodology for continual assessment of the impact of malaria interventions, and the efficiency of the malaria programme. The methodology is designed to be implemented recurrently on a cycle of 2–5 years, with the involvement of stakeholders,...

["Epidemiology","Public Health","Science Policy"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3263v1
1,216 downloads
3,531 views

Open scholarship, such as the sharing of articles, code, data, and educational resources, has the potential to improve university research and education, as well as increase the impact universities can have beyond their own walls. To support this perspective, I...

["Science and Medical Education","Science Policy"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2711v3
191 downloads
2,138 views

Peer review is the gold standard for scientific communication, but its ability to guarantee the quality of published research remains difficult to verify. Recent modeling studies suggest that peer review is sensitive to reviewer misbehavior, and it has been claimed...

["Ethical Issues","Science Policy"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3005v4
284 downloads
2,251 views

In 1961, the NIH began to circulate biological preprints in a forgotten experiment called the Information Exchange Groups (IEGs). This system eventually attracted over 3600 participants and saw the production of over 2,500 different documents, but by 1967 it was...

["Biochemistry","Science Policy"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3174v1
51 downloads
406 views

Preprints emerged as a medium for exchanging ideas and new research data in the physics and mathematics community through the arXiv preprint server, and the phenomenon has since spread to biology and chemistry, with the promulgation of a variety of preprint servers...

["Science Policy"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3154v1
3,239 downloads
12,021 views

Despite growing interest in Open Access (OA) to scholarly literature, there is an unmet need for large-scale, up-to-date, and reproducible studies assessing the prevalence and characteristics of OA. We address this need using oaDOI, an open online service that...

["Legal Issues","Science Policy","Data Science"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3119v1
58 downloads
403 views

The US National Institutes of Health (NIH) recently announced that they would limit the number of grants per scientist and redistribute their funds across a larger group of researchers. The policy was withdrawn a month later after criticism from the scientific...

["Science Policy"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3106v1
99 downloads
475 views

Recovery planning is an essential part of implementing the U.S. Endangered Species Act (ESA), but conservationists and government agencies recognize challenges with the current planning process. Common criticisms are that too many species lack recovery plans, plans...

["Biodiversity","Conservation Biology","Science Policy"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2882v2
62 downloads
293 views

Background Publication bias is a form of scientific misconduct. It threatens the validity of research results and the credibility of science. Although several tests on publication bias exist, no in-depth evaluations are available that suggest which test to use...

["Ethical Issues","Science Policy","Statistics"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3059v1
500 downloads
2,302 views

This essay proposes mathematical answers to meta-scientific questions including "how much knowledge is produced by research?", "how rapidly is a field making progress?", "what is the expected reproducibility of a result?", "what do we mean by soft science?", "what...

["Computational Biology","Evolutionary Studies","Science Policy","Statistics","Computational Science"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.1968v3
561 downloads
523 views

We previously reported over 150 inconsistencies in a series of four articles (the "pizza papers") from the Cornell Food and Brand Lab that described a study of eating habits at an all-you-can-eat pizza buffet. The lab's initial response led us to investigate more...

["Ethical Issues","Science Policy","Statistics"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3025v1
870 downloads
4,314 views

The widespread use of 'statistical significance' as a license for making a claim of a scientific finding leads to considerable distortion of the scientific process (according to the American Statistical Association). We review why degrading p-values into 'significant'...

["Science Policy","Statistics"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2921v2
40 downloads
527 views

Research assessment is the process or a metric which aims to assess the impact of the research study. The assessment may include the process that aims in evaluating the quality or intellect of a researcher given the notion that qualified scientists are more productive...

["Ethical Issues","Science and Medical Education","Science Policy"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3015v1
33 downloads
120 views

Clinical bioinformatics is an emerging field in diagnostic genetics laboratories that are harnessing next-generation sequencing technologies to improve patient care. This document provides guidance for the development and validation of software used for delivery...

["Bioinformatics","Genomics","Science Policy"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2996v1
102 downloads
259 views

Robotic Labs, in which experiments are carried out entirely by robots, have the potential to provide a reproducible and transparent foundation for performing basic biomedical laboratory experiments. In this article, we investigate whether these labs are applicable...

["Biochemistry","Science Policy"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2974v1
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