Preprints (not yet peer-reviewed)

45 downloads
126 views

Underpowered experiments have three problems: the probability of a false positive result is higher, true effects are harder to detect, and the true effects that are detected tend to have inflated effect sizes. Many biology experiments are underpowered and recent...

["Animal Behavior","Neuroscience","Drugs and Devices","Ethical Issues","Statistics"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3363v1
225 downloads
945 views

Objective: To assess industry payments to physician journal editors, and determine how their financial conflict of interest rate compares to all physicians within the specialty. Study Design and Setting: Open Payments is a United States federal program that mandates...

["Ethical Issues","Science and Medical Education","Science Policy"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3359v1
627 downloads
1,601 views

This preprint document has been developed following discussions among the authors, all of whom work within the medical communications field. These discussions have indicated a clear need for guidance and consistency around conference abstracts and presentations,...

["Ethical Issues","Science and Medical Education"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3356v1
561 downloads
8,801 views

Abstract Introduction Personality traits differ significantly between professionals, and the biomedical field is no exception. However, whether specific clusters of personality traits are indeed typical for biomedical scientists is unknown. This can be of particular...

["Ethical Issues","Science and Medical Education"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3347v1
18 downloads
159 views

Quality disciplines have been widely used for decades in industrial and business fields. It is only in recent times, however, that Quality management and approaches have received proper attention in life science. The development, optimization, validation and dissemination...

["Biochemistry","Cell Biology","Developmental Biology","Ethical Issues","Science Policy"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3316v1
225 downloads
2,371 views

Peer review is the gold standard for scientific communication, but its ability to guarantee the quality of published research remains difficult to verify. Recent modeling studies suggest that peer review is sensitive to reviewer misbehavior, and it has been claimed...

["Ethical Issues","Science Policy"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3005v4
99 downloads
337 views

Background Publication bias is a form of scientific misconduct. It threatens the validity of research results and the credibility of science. Although several tests on publication bias exist, no in-depth evaluations are available that suggest which test to use...

["Ethical Issues","Science Policy","Statistics"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3059v1
892 downloads
1,067 views

We previously reported over 150 inconsistencies in a series of four articles (the "pizza papers") from the Cornell Food and Brand Lab that described a study of eating habits at an all-you-can-eat pizza buffet. The lab's initial response led us to investigate more...

["Ethical Issues","Science Policy","Statistics"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3025v1
53 downloads
594 views

Research assessment is the process or a metric which aims to assess the impact of the research study. The assessment may include the process that aims in evaluating the quality or intellect of a researcher given the notion that qualified scientists are more productive...

["Ethical Issues","Science and Medical Education","Science Policy"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3015v1
41 downloads
181 views

The search for a universal definition of death is a relatively new objective in human history, framed by complex biological, technological, and socio-political factors. While it is widely understood that “life” and “death” describe inverse states of being, what...

["Health Policy","Neurology","Ethical Issues","Legal Issues"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2890v1
153 downloads
380 views

As part of a recent workshop entitled "Imagining Tomorrow's University”, we were asked to visualize the future of universities as research becomes increasingly data- and computation-driven and identify a set of principles characterizing pertinent opportunities...

["Ethical Issues","Science and Medical Education","Science Policy","Computational Science"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2781v1
54 downloads
413 views

Research collaborations are hampered by copyright law. While these laws are aimed at solving sustainability of writing and later other creative processes, and nowadays knowledge too, the make it harder in a time where research is funded with on temporary projects....

["Bioinformatics","Ethical Issues","Legal Issues"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2753v1
5,949 downloads
23,535 views

We present the initial results of a reanalysis of four articles from the Cornell Food and Brand Lab based on data collected from diners at an Italian restaurant buffet. On a first glance at these articles, we immediately noticed a number of apparent inconsistencies...

["Ethical Issues","Science Policy","Statistics"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2748v1
245 downloads
2,770 views

Background. There is wide agreement in the biomedical research community that research data sharing is a primary ingredient for ensuring that science is more transparent and reproducible. Publishers could play an important role in facilitating and enforcing data...

["Ethical Issues","Science Policy"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2588v1
209 downloads
618 views

Resolving ethical and legal concerns is a time consuming but rarely insurmountable task when obtaining samples from biobanks. The BBMRI-LPC project has throughout its lifetime resolved numerous such issues and intense communication between involved researchers...

["Genomics","Ethical Issues","Legal Issues","Science and Medical Education","Medical Genetics"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2091v2
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