Preprints (not yet peer-reviewed)

191 downloads
2,138 views

Peer review is the gold standard for scientific communication, but its ability to guarantee the quality of published research remains difficult to verify. Recent modeling studies suggest that peer review is sensitive to reviewer misbehavior, and it has been claimed...

["Ethical Issues","Science Policy"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3005v4
62 downloads
293 views

Background Publication bias is a form of scientific misconduct. It threatens the validity of research results and the credibility of science. Although several tests on publication bias exist, no in-depth evaluations are available that suggest which test to use...

["Ethical Issues","Science Policy","Statistics"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3059v1
561 downloads
523 views

We previously reported over 150 inconsistencies in a series of four articles (the "pizza papers") from the Cornell Food and Brand Lab that described a study of eating habits at an all-you-can-eat pizza buffet. The lab's initial response led us to investigate more...

["Ethical Issues","Science Policy","Statistics"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3025v1
40 downloads
527 views

Research assessment is the process or a metric which aims to assess the impact of the research study. The assessment may include the process that aims in evaluating the quality or intellect of a researcher given the notion that qualified scientists are more productive...

["Ethical Issues","Science and Medical Education","Science Policy"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3015v1
32 downloads
160 views

The search for a universal definition of death is a relatively new objective in human history, framed by complex biological, technological, and socio-political factors. While it is widely understood that “life” and “death” describe inverse states of being, what...

["Health Policy","Neurology","Ethical Issues","Legal Issues"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2890v1
149 downloads
369 views

As part of a recent workshop entitled "Imagining Tomorrow's University”, we were asked to visualize the future of universities as research becomes increasingly data- and computation-driven and identify a set of principles characterizing pertinent opportunities...

["Ethical Issues","Science and Medical Education","Science Policy","Computational Science"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2781v1
45 downloads
385 views

Research collaborations are hampered by copyright law. While these laws are aimed at solving sustainability of writing and later other creative processes, and nowadays knowledge too, the make it harder in a time where research is funded with on temporary projects....

["Bioinformatics","Ethical Issues","Legal Issues"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2753v1
5,672 downloads
21,025 views

We present the initial results of a reanalysis of four articles from the Cornell Food and Brand Lab based on data collected from diners at an Italian restaurant buffet. On a first glance at these articles, we immediately noticed a number of apparent inconsistencies...

["Ethical Issues","Science Policy","Statistics"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2748v1
218 downloads
2,624 views

Background. There is wide agreement in the biomedical research community that research data sharing is a primary ingredient for ensuring that science is more transparent and reproducible. Publishers could play an important role in facilitating and enforcing data...

["Ethical Issues","Science Policy"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2588v1
192 downloads
579 views

Resolving ethical and legal concerns is a time consuming but rarely insurmountable task when obtaining samples from biobanks. The BBMRI-LPC project has throughout its lifetime resolved numerous such issues and intense communication between involved researchers...

["Genomics","Ethical Issues","Legal Issues","Science and Medical Education","Medical Genetics"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2091v2
61 downloads
352 views

Background: Although publication professionals plan and facilitate the timely and high-quality reporting of clinical trial results, it has been previously shown that they are not as forthcoming when it comes to publishing their own professional research. The publication...

["Ethical Issues","Science and Medical Education"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2499v1
34 downloads
220 views

The ever-growing need to evaluate researchers without actually reading their work has fertilized the soil for the appearance of hundreds of scientometric indicators. The reason why they continue to emerge is simple: no perfect one has been found yet. The major...

["Ethical Issues","Science Policy","Statistics","Computational Science"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2414v1
73 downloads
183 views

Wearable physiological sensors have the projected capability to detect unknown and unreported health conditions. Development requires rounds of discovery-oriented human subject research and confirmatory clinical trials. However, each study is a significant investment...

["Clinical Trials","Epidemiology","Infectious Diseases","Public Health","Ethical Issues"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2079v1
58 downloads
150 views

External tags fitted to diving birds can affect them in many ways with the most critical effect being an increase in drag. The effects of transmitters can be even more acute due to the presence of a protruding aerial. The study assesses the impact of PTT antenna...

["Animal Behavior","Ecology","Marine Biology","Ethical Issues"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2035v1
422 downloads
547 views

Nearly ninety percent of allegations of biomedical research misconduct in the United States are dismissed by responsible institutions without any faculty assessment or auditable record. Recently, members of the U.S. Congress have complained that the penalties for...

["Ethical Issues","Legal Issues","Science Policy"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.1577v4
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