Preprints (not yet peer-reviewed)

34 downloads
157 views

Primate individuals use a variety of strategies in intergroup encounters, from aggression to tolerance; however, despite the prevalence of tolerance in humans, recent focus on the evolution of intergroup contest has come at the cost of characterizing the role of...

["Animal Behavior","Anthropology","Ecology","Evolutionary Studies"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3400v1
21 downloads
101 views

The aim of this anthropometric survey was to map regional differences in height and body proportions in eight counties adjacent to the Adriatic coast of Croatia. Body height was measured in 1803 males and 782 females aged 17-20 years at 66 schools in 23 towns....

["Anthropology","Nutrition","Pediatrics"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3388v1
49 downloads
174 views

Language and music are peculiar human behaviors. We spend a large portion of our lives speaking, reading, processing speech, performing music and listening to tunes. At the same time, we still know very little as to why and how these structured behaviors emerged...

["Anthropology","Evolutionary Studies","Neuroscience","Psychiatry and Psychology","Computational Science"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3366v1
137 downloads
1,864 views

Sexual selection favors traits that increase mating and, thus, reproductive success. Some scholars have suggested that intrasexual selection driven by contest competition has shaped human male aggression. If this is the case, one testable hypothesis is that beliefs...

["Animal Behavior","Anthropology","Ecology","Evolutionary Studies"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3331v1
35 downloads
178 views

Social learning provides an effective route to gaining up-to-date information, particularly when information is costly to obtain asocially. Theoretical work predicts that the willingness to switch between using asocial and social sources of information will vary...

["Animal Behavior","Anthropology","Evolutionary Studies"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3212v1
525 downloads
2,282 views

Computers are a central tool in the research process, enabling complex and large scale data analysis. As computer-based research has increased in complexity, so have the challenges of ensuring that this research is reproducible. To address this challenge, we review...

["Anthropology","Computational Biology","Science and Medical Education","Computational Science","Data Science"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3192v1
38 downloads
253 views

Patagonia, a cul-de-sac for the continental dispersal of Homo sapiens into the Americas, has been extensively analyzed by archaeologists and bioanthropologists. Despite its deep and rich archaeological record, the genetic make up of its pre-contact inhabitants...

["Anthropology","Biodiversity","Evolutionary Studies","Genetics"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3098v1
44 downloads
282 views

Introduction: Increasingly, the emergence and evolution of our species is being tied to genetic exchange between divergent lineages within ~1Ma (e.g., Neanderthals, Denisovans). However, little is known about genetic exchange during earlier (pre-1Ma) human evolution...

["Anthropology","Computational Biology","Evolutionary Studies","Genetics","Paleontology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3071v1
39 downloads
297 views

Households are an important location for the transmission of communicable diseases. Social contact between household members is typically more frequent, of greater intensity, and is more likely to involve people of different age groups than contact occurring in...

["Anthropology","Epidemiology","Infectious Diseases","Public Health"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3022v1
177 downloads
186 views

The human male specific Y-chromosome passes from father to son essentially unchanged, but occasionally a random change, known as a mutation, occurs. These mutations, also called markers, serve as beacons and can be mapped. When geneticists identify a mutation in...

["Anthropology","Genetics","Genomics"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2755v1
276 downloads
412 views

Whilst most anthropometrical research within sport has focussed on muscle and fat distribution, more studies are measuring the relationship between stature and wingspan, which has been found to be selective criteria in many sports. In this study the stature, wingspan...

["Anthropology","Anatomy and Physiology","Statistics"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.1892v2
228 downloads
731 views

Sexual selection favors traits that increase mating and, thus, reproductive success. Some scholars have suggested that intrasexual selection driven by contest competition has shaped human male aggression. If this is the case, one testable hypothesis is that beliefs...

["Anthropology","Ecology","Evolutionary Studies"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.1802v2
66 downloads
339 views

Chimpanzees have the largest relative brain size, greatest reproductive output, and longest lifespan of any non-human ape; they also have the highest level of physical activity in the wild, as measured by daily walking and climbing distances. In this study, we...

["Anthropology","Ecology","Evolutionary Studies","Veterinary Medicine","Zoology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2307v1
239 downloads
361 views

How does nonhuman primate innovation compare to our own? Many primates innovate, for example to get otherwise inaccessible food or to increase their social standing, and nonhuman primate innovation can be broken into three component steps. It begins with the initial...

["Animal Behavior","Anthropology","Neuroscience","Zoology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2276v1
161 downloads
513 views

In a recent paper, Beall, Hofer, and Schaller (2016) use observational time series data to test the hypothesis that the 2014 Ebola outbreak influenced the 2014 U.S. Federal Elections. They find substantial associations between online search volume for Ebola and...

["Anthropology","Evolutionary Studies","Psychiatry and Psychology","Statistics"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2165v2
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