Peer-reviewed Articles - Biology

37 downloads
554 views

Background Free-tailed bats of the genus Otomops are poorly known, and most species are documented from a handful of widely scattered localities. Recently, two allopatric species of Otomops were recognized in continental Africa: Otomops martiensseni (Matschie,...

["Biodiversity","Biogeography","Conservation Biology","Taxonomy","Zoology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4864
21 downloads
55 views

This paper examines the impact of disturbance factors—flooding and intermittency—on the distribution of water mites in the riparian springs situated in the valley of a small lowland river, the Krąpiel. The landscape factors and physicochemical parameters of the...

["Biodiversity","Conservation Biology","Ecology","Zoology","Freshwater Biology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4797
1,030 downloads
11,794 views

Background Species of the genera Bipalium and Diversibipalium, or bipaliines, are giants among land planarians (family Geoplanidae), reaching length of 1 m; they are also easily distinguished from other land flatworms by the characteristic hammer shape of their...

["Agricultural Science","Biodiversity","Biogeography","Taxonomy","Zoology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4672
63 downloads
831 views

The ecological multifunctionality of colour often results in multiple selective pressures operating on a single trait. Most research on colour evolution focuses on males because they are the most conspicuous sex in most species. This bias can limit inferences about...

["Biodiversity","Ecology","Zoology","Freshwater Biology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4807
207 downloads
372 views

We describe a new anuran species of the genus Pseudopaludicola that inhabits sandy areas in resting as associated to the Atlantic Forest biome in the state of Espírito Santo, Brazil. The new species is characterized by: SVL 11.7–14.6 mm in males, 14.0–16.7 mm in...

["Biodiversity","Taxonomy","Zoology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4766
59 downloads
239 views

Due to its remote and isolated location, Antarctica is home to a unique diversity of species. The harsh conditions have shaped a primarily highly adapted endemic fauna. This includes the notothenioid family Channichthyidae. Their exceptional physiological adaptations...

["Biodiversity","Ecology","Marine Biology","Parasitology","Zoology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4638
71 downloads
425 views

Marine caves possess unique biocoenotic and ecological characteristics. Sessile benthic species such as sponges associated with cave habitats typically show a marked zonation from the cave entrance towards the end of the cave. We describe three semi-submerged karstic...

["Biodiversity","Marine Biology","Zoology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4596
114 downloads
493 views

With about 5,000 species worldwide, the Heteroptera or true bugs are the most diverse taxon among the hemimetabolous insects in aquatic and semi-aquatic ecosystems. Species may be found in almost every freshwater environment and have very specific habitat requirements,...

["Biodiversity","Entomology","Taxonomy","Zoology","Freshwater Biology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4577
113 downloads
541 views

We establish a new pseudozeuxid genus Haimormus gen. nov. based on a new species Haimormus shimojiensis sp. nov. which was collected from a submarine limestone cave with the entrance at 35 m depth, in the Northwestern Pacific Ocean. H. shimojiensis differs from...

["Biodiversity","Marine Biology","Taxonomy","Zoology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4720
97 downloads
375 views

Mesophotic coral ecosystems (MCEs) continue to be understudied, especially in island locations spread across the Indo-Pacific Ocean. Pohnpei is the largest island in the Federated States of Micronesia, with a well-developed barrier reef, and steep slopes that descend...

["Biodiversity","Ecology","Marine Biology","Zoology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4650
69 downloads
300 views

Recent phylogeographic studies along the coastline of southern Africa have uncovered cryptic diversity in several coastal invertebrates, including direct developing crustaceans in the superorder Peracarida. These findings indicating the possible existence of additional...

["Biodiversity","Biogeography","Evolutionary Studies","Marine Biology","Zoology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4658
128 downloads
1,327 views

The Asian leaf litter toads of the genus Leptolalax represent a highly diverse species group and currently contain 53 recognized species. During herpetological surveys in Yingjiang County, western Yunnan of China, we collected series of Leptolalax specimens from...

["Biodiversity","Taxonomy","Zoology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4586
124 downloads
1,346 views

Parasitoid wasps are a mega-diverse, ecologically dominant, but poorly studied component of global biodiversity. In order to maximise the efficiency and reduce the cost of their collection, the application of optimal sampling techniques is necessary. Two sites...

["Biodiversity","Ecology","Entomology","Zoology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4642
153 downloads
1,161 views

The degradation of subterranean habitats is believed to represent a serious threat for the conservation of obligate subterranean dwellers (troglobites), many of which are short-range endemics. However, while the factors influencing cave biodiversity remain largely...

["Biodiversity","Conservation Biology","Ecology","Zoology","Spatial and Geographic Information Science"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4531
193 downloads
1,494 views

We hypothesize the phylogenetic relationships of the agamid genus Phrynocephalus to assess how past environmental changes shaped the evolutionary and biogeographic history of these lizards and especially the impact of paleogeography and climatic factors. Phrynocephalus...

["Biodiversity","Biogeography","Evolutionary Studies","Taxonomy","Zoology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4543

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