Peer-reviewed Articles - Medicine

32 downloads
231 views

Abstract Heavy consumption of alcohol has shown to be associated with sleep disturbances among adult and elderly people in high income settings. So far, the relationship between alcohol drinking and sleeping pattern has not been studied in an African setting. Therefore,...

["Epidemiology","Global Health","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5750
23 downloads
170 views

Background Prescription pain reliever (PPR) overdoses differentially affect ‘American Indian/Alaskan Natives’ in the United States (US). Here, studying onset of extra-medical PPR use in 12-24-year-olds, we examine subgroup variations in rates of starting to use...

["Drugs and Devices","Epidemiology","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5713
32 downloads
187 views

Objective Burn wounds are a global public health problem, and a large number of casualties are caused by burns each year. In this study, we explored the epidemiological characteristics associated with burns and the factors affecting the length of hospital stay...

["Epidemiology","Pediatrics","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5740
75 downloads
1,434 views

We comment on Eichstaedt et al.’s (2015a) claim to have shown that language patterns among Twitter users, aggregated at the level of US counties, predicted county-level mortality rates from atherosclerotic heart disease (AHD), with “negative” language being associated...

["Epidemiology","Health Policy","Psychiatry and Psychology","Public Health","Statistics"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5656
146 downloads
720 views

Background Avian influenza viruses (AIVs) have been endemic in Egypt since 2006, and the co-circulation of high-pathogenic avian influenza H5N1 and low-pathogenic avian influenza H9N2 subtypes in poultry has been reported; therefore, Egypt is considered a hotspot...

["Veterinary Medicine","Virology","Epidemiology","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5473
99 downloads
368 views

Background Extraintestinal pathogenic Escherichia coli (ExPEC) is an important bacterium and responsible for many bloodstream infections, including urinary tract infections and even fatal bacteremia. The aim of this research was to investigate whether ExPEC strains...

["Microbiology","Epidemiology","Infectious Diseases","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5470
96 downloads
304 views

Salmonella is one of the major foodborne pathogens worldwide. The antimicrobial resistance (AMR) of this foodborne pathogen has raised a great concern in recent years. Studies on the frequency and characterization of Salmonella serotypes can help to improve our...

["Microbiology","Epidemiology","Global Health","Infectious Diseases","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5482
66 downloads
649 views

Background The aim of the study was to investigate the practice and pattern of smokeless tobacco (SLT) use as well as the knowledge and perception about its ill effects among rural Bangladeshi adolescents. Methods A cross-sectional survey was conducted among students...

["Epidemiology","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5463
105 downloads
417 views

Background Nontuberculous mycobacterial (NTM) infection is increasing worldwide. Current epidemiological data and knowledge of risk factors for this disease are limited. We investigated the trends in and risk of NTM infection in Northeast Thailand during 2012–2016....

["Epidemiology","Infectious Diseases","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5479
55 downloads
548 views

Background The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between chronic periodontitis (CP) and upper urinary tract stone (UUTS) in Taiwan by using a population-based data set. Methods A total of 16,292 CP patients and 48,876 randomly-selected controls...

["Dentistry","Epidemiology","Public Health","Urology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5287
58 downloads
260 views

Background Medicare is one of the world’s largest health insurance programs. It provides health insurance to nearly 44 million beneficiaries whose entitlements are based on age, disability, or end-stage renal disease (ESRD). Data of these ESRD beneficiaries are...

["Epidemiology","Health Policy","Nephrology","Public Health","Statistics"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5284
81 downloads
981 views

Objectives To assess the prevalence and extent of chronic periodontitis, and its risk factors in a Portuguese subpopulation referred to periodontal examination. Methods This retrospective cross-sectional study used a subset of data from patients who sought dental...

["Dentistry","Epidemiology","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5258
377 downloads
490 views

Managing injury risk requires an understanding of how and when athletes sustain certain injuries. Such information guides organisations in establishing evidence-based priorities and expectations for managing injury risk. In order to minimise the impact of sports...

["Epidemiology","Health Policy","Pathology","Public Health","Data Science"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4895
78 downloads
373 views

Background The norms for evaluating the maximum expiratory flow (MEF) usually are developed according to chronological age and height. However, to date, little research has been conducted using reference values that take into account the temporal changes of biological...

["Epidemiology","Global Health","Pediatrics","Public Health","Respiratory Medicine"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5157
78 downloads
404 views

Background The Internet is widely used as a source of information by people searching for medical or healthcare information. However, information found on the Internet has several drawbacks, and the ability to consume accurate health information on the Internet...

["Epidemiology","Public Health","Science and Medical Education"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5251

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