Peer-reviewed Articles - Biology

200 downloads
1,300 views

Background Avian influenza virus (AIV) infections occur naturally in wild bird populations and can cross the wildlife-domestic animal interface, often with devastating impacts on commercial poultry. Migratory waterfowl and shorebirds are natural AIV reservoirs...

["Ecology","Veterinary Medicine","Virology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4060
127 downloads
795 views

Circular rep-encoding ssDNA (CRESS-DNA) viruses are common constituents of invertebrate viral consortia. Despite their ubiquity and sequence diversity, the effects of CRESS-DNA viruses on invertebrate biology and ecology remain largely unknown. This study assessed...

["Ecology","Genomics","Microbiology","Virology","Freshwater Biology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3810
22 citations
683 downloads
3,046 views

Background Viruses strongly influence microbial population dynamics and ecosystem functions. However, our ability to quantitatively evaluate those viral impacts is limited to the few cultivated viruses and double-stranded DNA (dsDNA) viral genomes captured in quantitative...

["Ecology","Genomics","Microbiology","Virology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2777
5 citations
274 downloads
1,225 views

The blacklegged tick Ixodes scapularis is widely distributed in the United States and transmits multiple pathogens to humans, wildlife and domestic animals. Recently, several novel viruses in the family Bunyaviridae (South Bay virus (SBV) and Blacklegged tick phlebovirus...

["Ecology","Entomology","Genomics","Microbiology","Virology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2324
120 downloads
942 views

In July 2014, we observed premature feather loss (PFL) among non-sibling, common tern Sterna hirundo chicks between two and four weeks of age at Gull Island in northern Lake Ontario, Canada. Rarely observed in wild birds, to our knowledge PFL has not been recorded...

["Ecology","Marine Biology","Toxicology","Virology","Epidemiology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.1959
2 citations
409 downloads
1,602 views

Permafrost stores approximately 50% of global soil carbon (C) in a frozen form; it is thawing rapidly under climate change, and little is known about viral communities in these soils or their roles in C cycling. In permafrost soils, microorganisms contribute significantly...

["Ecology","Environmental Sciences","Microbiology","Soil Science","Virology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.1999
7 citations
408 downloads
1,700 views

Virus transmission and the prevalence of infection depend on multiple factors, including the interaction with other viral pathogens infecting the same host. In this study, active replication of an iflavirus, Spodoptera exigua iflavirus 1 (order Picornavirales)...

["Agricultural Science","Ecology","Entomology","Microbiology","Virology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.1687
6 citations
422 downloads
2,765 views

Cryophilic algae thrive in liquid water within snow and ice in alpine and polar regions worldwide. Blooms of these algae lower albedo (reflection of sunlight), thereby altering melting patterns (Kohshima, Seko & Yoshimura, 1993; Lutz et al., 2014; Thomas & Duval,...

["Biodiversity","Ecology","Genomics","Microbiology","Virology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.1491
8 citations
1,191 downloads
2,237 views

A sample of caecal effluent was obtained from a female patient who had undergone a routine colonoscopic examination. Bacteria were isolated anaerobically from the sample, and screened against the remaining filtered caecal effluent in an attempt to isolate bacteriophages...

["Biodiversity","Ecology","Genomics","Microbiology","Virology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.1061
12 citations
1,394 downloads
8,850 views

The tumor-forming disease fibropapillomatosis (FP) has afflicted sea turtle populations for decades with no clear cause. A lineage of α-herpesviruses associated with these tumors has existed for millennia, suggesting environmental factors are responsible for its...

["Conservation Biology","Ecology","Ecosystem Science","Marine Biology","Virology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.602

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