Peer-reviewed Articles - Biology

Okinawa Island is located near the center of the Nansei Islands (∼24–31°N), at a relatively high latitude for coral reefs. Nevertheless, more than 80 coral genera (over 400 species) are abundant in the Nansei Islands. Since March, 2017, scleractinian corals have...

["Biodiversity","Ecology","Genetics","Marine Biology","Population Biology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5915
25 downloads
120 views

Consumers can regulate the acquisition and use of nutrients through behavioral and physiological mechanisms. Here, we present an experimental approach that simultaneously integrates multiple nutritional traits, feeding assays, and juvenile performance to assess...

["Animal Behavior","Ecology","Marine Biology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5929
51 downloads
350 views

Increasing environmental pressures and human impacts are reshaping community structures and species interactions throughout all trophic levels. The morphological and behavioural characteristics of species communities contain key ecological information on why prey...

["Ecology","Marine Biology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5899
33 downloads
230 views

The size and structure of social groups of animals can be governed by a range of ecological factors and behavioral interactions. In small, highly site-attached coral reef fishes, group size is often constrained by the size of the habitat patch they are restricted...

["Animal Behavior","Ecology","Marine Biology","Environmental Impacts"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5841
41 downloads
303 views

The feeding behavior of the cosmopolitan cold-water coral (CWC) Desmophyllum dianthus (Cnidaria: Scleractinia) is still poorly known. Its usual deep distribution restricts direct observations, and manipulative experiments are so far limited to prey that do not...

["Ecology","Marine Biology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5872
83 downloads
396 views

Background Accurate time-energy budgets summarise an animal’s energy expenditure in a given environment, and are potentially a sensitive indicator of how an animal responds to changing resources. Deriving accurate time-energy budgets requires an estimate of time...

["Animal Behavior","Ecology","Marine Biology","Data Mining and Machine Learning"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5814
85 downloads
389 views

Background Functional groups serve two important functions in ecology: they allow for simplification of ecosystem models and can aid in understanding diversity. Despite their important applications, there has not been a universally accepted method of how to define...

["Ecology","Marine Biology","Statistics","Data Mining and Machine Learning","Data Science"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5795
44 downloads
150 views

This is the first study to examine how different environmental factors may influence the distribution of swimming crab Achelous spinimanus across geographically distant and distinct habitats. We analyzed the influence of bottom water temperature and salinity, sediment...

["Ecology","Marine Biology","Zoology","Population Biology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5720
68 downloads
585 views

About nine years ago (circa 2009), Indo-Pacific lionfishes (Pterois volitans and P. miles) invaded the south Florida coral reef ecosystem. During the intervening period of time, there has been substantial research on their biology, life history, demography, and...

["Fisheries and Fish Science","Ecology","Marine Biology","Population Biology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5700
56 downloads
291 views

Eelgrass (Zostera marina) has been designated an Ecologically Significant Species in Atlantic Canada. The development and rapid expansion of netpen finfish aquaculture into sensitive coastal habitats has raised concerns about the impacts of finfish aquaculture...

["Aquaculture, Fisheries and Fish Science","Conservation Biology","Ecology","Marine Biology","Environmental Impacts"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5630
51 downloads
300 views

The salt marsh periwinkle, Littorina irrorata, exhibits a spatial refuge from predation by climbing the stems of Spartina alterniflora in order to avoid benthic predators. Salt marsh periwinkles have a broad geographic distribution, and for many species, responses...

["Ecology","Marine Biology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5744
87 downloads
702 views

We use a novel individual-based model (IBM) to simulate larval dispersal around the island of Moloka‘i in the Hawaiian Archipelago. Our model uses ocean current output from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology general circulation model (MITgcm) as well as...

["Aquaculture, Fisheries and Fish Science","Conservation Biology","Ecology","Marine Biology","Biological Oceanography"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5688
111 downloads
523 views

Background Variability in the ecological impacts of invasive species across their geographical ranges may decrease the accuracy of risk assessments. Comparative functional response analysis can be used to estimate invasive consumer-resource dynamics, explain impact...

["Animal Behavior","Biogeography","Ecology","Marine Biology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5634
31 downloads
182 views

The presence of an endangered and economically valuable species of sea cucumber, Holothuria (Metriatyla) scabra Jaeger, 1833, was investigated in the Alqurm Wa Lehhfaiiah Protected Area near the city of Kalba in the Emirate of Sharjah. Sea cucumber specimens were...

["Biodiversity","Ecology","Marine Biology","Taxonomy","Zoology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5555
74 downloads
442 views

Ecologists often analyze relative abundances, which are an example of compositional data. However, they have made surprisingly little use of recent advances in the field of compositional data analysis. Compositions form a vector space in which addition and scalar...

["Ecology","Marine Biology","Mathematical Biology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5643

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