Peer-reviewed Articles

Background Australian scorpions have received far less attention from researchers than their overseas counterparts. Here we provide the first insight into the molecular variation and evolutionary history of the endemic Australian scorpion Urodacus yaschenkoi. Also...

["Biogeography","Evolutionary Studies","Taxonomy"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2759
76 downloads
571 views

Background Aquatic insects and other freshwater animals are some of the most threatened forms of life on Earth. Caddisflies (Trichoptera) are highly biodiverse in the Neotropics and occupy a wide variety of freshwater habitats. In Andean countries, including Ecuador,...

["Biodiversity","Entomology","Taxonomy"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2851
35 downloads
215 views

A new sea star species, H. djakonovi sp.n., was discovered in Rudnaya Bay in the Sea of Japan. This is a sympatric species of the well-known and common species Henricia pseudoleviuscula Djakonov, 1958. Both species are similar in body size and proportions, shape...

["Biodiversity","Marine Biology","Taxonomy","Zoology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2863
35 downloads
227 views

An adult Buteo was found dead as a road-kill south of Sacramento, California, and was thought to represent the first state record of the eastern Red-shouldered Hawk (B. lineatus lineatus;). It is now a specimen in the Museum of Wildlife and Fisheries Biology (WFB...

["Molecular Biology","Taxonomy","Zoology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2850
60 downloads
322 views

Sycophaginae is a group of non-pollinating fig wasps considered closely related to the fig pollinators (Agaoninae, Tetrapusiinae, and Kradibiinae) in the most recent phylogenetic analyses. They occur in all tropical regions and are associated with Ficus subgenera...

["Biodiversity","Entomology","Taxonomy","Zoology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2842
52 downloads
265 views

We describe and illustrate three new species of Bertolonia, all endemic to the state of Espírito Santo, Brazil. Bertolonia duasbocaensis and B. macrocalyx occur close to each other, in the municipalities of Cariacica and Viana. Bertolonia ruschiana has a wider...

["Biodiversity","Plant Science","Taxonomy"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2822
350 downloads
1,202 views

The holotype of Brancasaurus brancai is one of the most historically famous and anatomically complete Early Cretaceous plesiosaurian fossils. It derived from the Gerdemann & Co. brickworks clay pit near Gronau (Westfalen) in North Rhine-Westphalia, northwestern...

["Evolutionary Studies","Paleontology","Taxonomy"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2813
178 downloads
2,696 views

Background The colubrid snakes of the genus Rhynchocalamus are seldom studied and knowledge of their ecology and life history is scarce. Three species of Rhynchocalamus are currently recognized, R. satunini (from Turkey eastwards to Iran), R. arabicus (Yemen and...

["Biodiversity","Biogeography","Evolutionary Studies","Taxonomy","Zoology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2769
93 downloads
195 views

Background Flowers in Eriocaulaceae, a monocot family that is highly diversified in Brazil, are generally trimerous, but dimerous flowers occur in Paepalanthus and a few other genera. The floral merism in an evolutionary context, however, is unclear. Paepalanthus...

["Plant Science","Taxonomy"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2811
60 downloads
283 views

The genus Elatine contains ca 25 species, all of which are small, herbaceous annuals distributed in ephemeral waters on both hemispheres. However, due to a high degree of morphological variability (as a consequence of their amphibious life-style), the taxonomy...

["Plant Science","Taxonomy"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2800
182 downloads
981 views

A new colubrid species of the genus Tantilla from the dry forest of the northern Peruvian Andes is described on the basis of two specimens, which exhibit a conspicuous sexual dimorphism. Tantilla tjiasmantoi sp. nov. represents the third species of the genus in...

["Biodiversity","Taxonomy","Zoology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2767
103 downloads
446 views

We revise the genus Conostigmus Dahlbom 1858 occurring in Madagascar, based on data from more specimens than were examined for the latest world revision of the genus. Our results yield new information about intraspecific variability and the nature of the atypical...

["Biodiversity","Bioinformatics","Entomology","Evolutionary Studies","Taxonomy"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2682
80 downloads
239 views

Background Names used in ingredient lists of food products are trivial and in their nature rarely precise. The most recent scientific interpretation of the term bamboo (Bambusoideae, Poaceae) comprises over 1,600 distinct species. In the European Union only few...

["Agricultural Science","Food Science and Technology","Molecular Biology","Taxonomy","Histology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2781
95 downloads
669 views

The coast of northern Primorye region, north of Peter the Great Bay has been sparsely studied in regards to its molluscan fauna, with just a few works reviewing the distribution of local mollusks. This work presents a survey of the shallow water heterobranch sea...

["Biodiversity","Marine Biology","Taxonomy","Zoology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2774
159 downloads
432 views

The deep sea comprises vast unexplored areas and is expected to conceal significant undescribed invertebrate species diversity. Deep waters may act as a refuge for many relictual groups, including elusive and enigmatic higher taxa, but the evolutionary pathways...

["Biodiversity","Evolutionary Studies","Marine Biology","Taxonomy","Zoology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2738

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