Peer-reviewed Articles

13 downloads
107 views

The purpose of this study was to investigate the benefits of exercises with different cognitive demands for cognitive functions (Executive and non-Executive) in healthy older adults. A cross-sectional design was adopted. In total, 84 healthy older adults were enrolled...

["Neuroscience","Geriatrics","Neurology","Ophthalmology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3943
36 downloads
171 views

Clinical evidence points to neuroprotective effects of smoking in Parkinson’s disease (PD), but the molecular mechanisms remain unclear. We investigated the pharmacological pathways involved in these neuroprotective effects, which could provide novel ideas for...

["Biochemistry","Molecular Biology","Neuroscience","Neurology","Pharmacology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3933
33 downloads
186 views

Background Parkinson’s disease (PD) is a disorder characterized by dopaminergic neuron programmed cell death. The etiology of PD remains uncertain—some cases are due to selected genes associated with familial heredity, others are due to environmental exposure to...

["Microbiology","Neuroscience","Infectious Diseases"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3823
39 downloads
214 views

Objectives Practitioners of mindfulness are reported to have greater cognitive control especially in conflict monitoring, response inhibition and sustained attention. However, due to the various existing methods in each mindfulness practices and also, the high...

["Neuroscience","Respiratory Medicine","Computational Science"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3857
43 downloads
230 views

Objective The present study aimed to assess the effects of exercise with dietary restriction on cardiac autonomic activity, arterial stiffness, and cardiovascular biomarkers in obese individuals. Methods Seventeen obese adults completed an 8-week exercise and dietary...

["Developmental Biology","Neuroscience","Cardiology","Clinical Trials"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3900
61 downloads
490 views

Background A growing set of studies has shown a positive relationship between aerobic fitness and a broad array of cognitive functions. However, few studies have focused on sustained attention, which has been considered a fundamental cognitive process that underlies...

["Neuroscience","Psychiatry and Psychology","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3831
54 downloads
1,343 views

Negative correlations between pupil size and the tendency to look at salient locations were found in recent studies (e.g., Mathôt et al., 2015). It is hypothesized that this negative correlation might be explained by the mental effort put by participants in the...

["Neuroscience","Psychiatry and Psychology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3783
99 downloads
374 views

In recent years, with the emergence of relatively inexpensive and accessible virtual reality technologies, it is now possible to deliver compelling and realistic simulations of human-to-human interaction. Neuroimaging studies have shown that, when participants...

["Neuroscience","Psychiatry and Psychology","Human-Computer Interaction"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3819
97 downloads
598 views

Neuron types (e.g., pyramidal cells) within one area of the brain are often considered homogeneous, despite variability in their biophysical properties. Here we review literature demonstrating variability in the electrical activity of CA1 hippocampal pyramidal...

["Biophysics","Neuroscience"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3836
77 downloads
342 views

Background Psychological constructionist models like the Conceptual Act Theory (CAT) postulate that complex states such as emotions are composed of basic psychological ingredients that are more clearly respected by the brain than basic emotions. The objective of...

["Neuroscience","Psychiatry and Psychology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3755
80 downloads
378 views

The zebrafish (Danio rerio) is gaining popularity as a laboratory organism and is used to model many human diseases. Many behavioural measures of locomotion and cognition have been developed that involve the processing of visual stimuli. However, the innate preference...

["Animal Behavior","Aquaculture, Fisheries and Fish Science","Neuroscience"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3748
34 downloads
205 views

Background Because etomidate induces prolonged adrenal suppression, even following a single bolus, its use as an infused anesthetic is limited. Our previous study indicated that a single administration of the novel etomidate analog methoxyethyletomidate hydrochloride...

["Animal Behavior","Neuroscience","Veterinary Medicine","Anaesthesiology and Pain Management"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3693
56 downloads
396 views

The perceived duration of a sound is affected by its fundamental frequency and intensity: higher sounds are judged to be longer, as are sounds with greater intensity. Since increasing intensity lengthens the perceived duration of the auditory object, and increasing...

["Neuroscience","Psychiatry and Psychology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3734
1 citation
131 downloads
504 views

Objective Circulating endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) correlate negatively with obesity. Previous studies have shown that exercise significantly restores circulating EPC levels in obese people; however, the underlying mechanisms have not been elucidated. Recently,...

["Neuroscience","Cardiology","Clinical Trials","Nutrition"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3669
1 citation
323 downloads
1,776 views

Dinocephalian therapsids are renowned for their massive, pachyostotic and ornamented skulls adapted for head-to-head fighting during intraspecific combat. Synchrotron scanning of the tapinocephalid Moschops capensis reveals, for the first time, numerous anatomical...

["Evolutionary Studies","Neuroscience","Paleontology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3496

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