Peer-reviewed Articles

17 downloads
153 views

Background In this study, the long-term efficacy of hepatitis B virus (HBV) vaccination was assessed using seroprevalence and an age–period–cohort (APC) model of HBV seromarkers among university entrants 30 years after the introduction of the national neonatal...

["Epidemiology","Gastroenterology and Hepatology","Global Health","Infectious Diseases","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4297
38 downloads
406 views

Zika virus (ZIKV) is a vector-borne flavivirus that has caused recent outbreaks associated with serious disease in infants and newborns in the Americas. Aedes mosquitoes are the primary vectors for ZIKV, but little is known about the diversity of mosquitoes that...

["Entomology","Parasitology","Virology","Infectious Diseases","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4324
47 downloads
317 views

Background During the winter of 2014–2015, a rarely reported norovirus (NoV) genotype GII.17 was found to have increased its frequency in norovirus outbreaks in East Asia, surpassing the GII.4 NoV infections. GII.17 genotype has been detected for over three decades...

["Epidemiology","Global Health","Infectious Diseases"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4333
197 downloads
392 views

Background Worldwide, the number of recorded human hantavirus infections as well as the number of affected countries is on the rise. In Europe, most human hantavirus infections are caused by the Puumala virus (PUUV), with bank voles (Myodes glareolus) as reservoir...

["Parasitology","Infectious Diseases","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4255
40 downloads
204 views

Background Acute respiratory failure (ARF) is a life-threatening complication in patients with community acquired pneumonia (CAP). The use of non-invasive ventilation is controversial. With this prospective, observational study we aimed to describe a protocol to...

["Evidence Based Medicine","Global Health","Infectious Diseases","Public Health","Respiratory Medicine"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4211
42 downloads
210 views

Dengue is endemic throughout tropical and subtropical regions of the world. Currently, there is no clinically approved therapeutic drug available for this acute viral infection. Although the first dengue vaccine Dengvaxia has been approved for use in certain countries,...

["Molecular Biology","Evidence Based Medicine","Infectious Diseases"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3939
106 downloads
611 views

In group-living animals, heterogeneity in individuals’ social connections may mediate the sharing of microbial infectious agents. In this regard, the genetic relatedness of individuals’ commensal gut bacterium Escherichia coli may be ideal to assess the potential...

["Animal Behavior","Infectious Diseases"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4271
181 downloads
1,501 views

Background Microbial genome sequencing is now being routinely used in many clinical and public health laboratories. Understanding how to report complex genomic test results to stakeholders who may have varying familiarity with genomics—including clinicians, laboratorians,...

["Genomics","Microbiology","Infectious Diseases","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4218
84 downloads
593 views

Ebola virus, a negative-sense single-stranded RNA virus, causes severe viral hemorrhagic fever and has a high mortality rate. Histopathological and immunopathological analyses of Ebola virus have revealed that histopathological changes in skin tissue are associated...

["Bioinformatics","Microbiology","Infectious Diseases","Medical Genetics"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4138
205 downloads
985 views

Background Until recently, Klebsiella pneumoniae carbapenemase (KPC)-producing Enterobacteriaceae were rarely identified in Australia. Following an increase in the number of incident cases across the state of Victoria, we undertook a real-time combined genomic...

["Genomics","Microbiology","Epidemiology","Infectious Diseases","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4210
41 downloads
260 views

Background Hepatitis B infection is one of the most severe hepatic diseases in China. Thus, understanding the genetic pathogenesis of hepatitis B virus (HBV)-infected individuals is important. Although no consistent result is obtained in different populations,...

["Genetics","Infectious Diseases"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4149
79 downloads
296 views

In this study, equine source polyclonal anti-Bacillus anthracis immunoglobulins were generated and utilized to demonstrate passive protection of mice in a lethal challenge assay. Four horses were hyper-immunized with B. anthracis Sterne strain for approximately...

["Immunology","Infectious Diseases"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3907
100 downloads
511 views

Background CD4 cell count in adults with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection (PLHIV) not receiving antiretroviral therapy (ART) influences tuberculosis (TB) risk. Despite widespread use in models informing resource allocation, this relationship has not...

["Epidemiology","Global Health","HIV","Infectious Diseases","Statistics"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4165
179 downloads
637 views

Background Few studies compared the diagnostic value of procalcitonin with a combination of other tests including lactate and high-sensitivity C-reactive protein in the prediction of pathogenic bacteremia in emergency department adult patients. Methods We performed...

["Emergency and Critical Care","Infectious Diseases","Internal Medicine","Pathology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4094
1 citation
78 downloads
336 views

Background Pertussis is a vaccine-preventable disease, yet an increasing incidence of pertussis occurs in many countries. Thailand has a long-standing pertussis vaccination policy, therefore most expectant mothers today had received vaccines as children. The resurgence...

["Immunology","Infectious Diseases","Women's Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4043

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