Peer-reviewed Articles

35 downloads
229 views

Malaria is a blood disease caused by the Plasmodium parasites transmitted through the bite of female Anopheles mosquito. Microscopists commonly examine thick and thin blood smears to diagnose disease and compute parasitemia. However, their accuracy depends on smear...

["Infectious Diseases","Computational Science","Data Mining and Machine Learning","Data Science"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4568
65 downloads
414 views

Background A Rohingya refugee camp in Cox’s Bazar, Bangladesh experienced a large-scale diphtheria epidemic in 2017. The background information of previously immune fraction among refugees cannot be explicitly estimated, and thus we conducted an uncertainty analysis...

["Computational Biology","Mathematical Biology","Epidemiology","Global Health","Infectious Diseases"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4583
57 downloads
247 views

Porcine circovirus 2 (PCV2) has been prevalent in swine herds in China since 2002, causing severe economic loss to the pig industry. The number of live pigs in southeast China is > 20 million. Since information on the genetic variation of PCV2 in the Fujian province...

["Veterinary Medicine","Epidemiology","Infectious Diseases"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4476
66 downloads
299 views

Background Kawasaki disease (KD) is an immune-mediated systemic vasculitis, and infection plays an important role in the pathophysiology of KD. The susceptibility to infectious disease in patients with KD remains largely unclear. This study aimed to investigate...

["Allergy and Clinical Immunology","Cardiology","Immunology","Infectious Diseases","Pediatrics"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4539
128 downloads
706 views

Background The Zika virus was first discovered in 1947. It was neglected until a major outbreak occurred on Yap Island, Micronesia, in 2007. Teratogenic effects resulting in microcephaly in newborn infants is the greatest public health threat. In 2016, the Zika...

["Mathematical Biology","Epidemiology","Infectious Diseases"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4526
56 downloads
268 views

Background Evaluating the factors favoring the onset of influenza epidemics is a critical public health issue for surveillance, prevention and control. While past outbreaks provide important insights for understanding epidemic onsets, their statistical analysis...

["Epidemiology","Infectious Diseases","Statistics"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4440
176 downloads
1,079 views

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and many public health jurisdictions continue to advocate for the most sensitive rapid HIV test that is available. Currently, the recommendation is to utilize tests that can detect HIV infection biomarkers within...

["Biotechnology","HIV","Immunology","Infectious Diseases","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4430
88 downloads
472 views

Background In this study, the long-term efficacy of hepatitis B virus (HBV) vaccination was assessed using seroprevalence and an age–period–cohort (APC) model of HBV seromarkers among university entrants 30 years after the introduction of the national neonatal...

["Epidemiology","Gastroenterology and Hepatology","Global Health","Infectious Diseases","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4297
146 downloads
855 views

Zika virus (ZIKV) is a vector-borne flavivirus that has caused recent outbreaks associated with serious disease in infants and newborns in the Americas. Aedes mosquitoes are the primary vectors for ZIKV, but little is known about the diversity of mosquitoes that...

["Entomology","Parasitology","Virology","Infectious Diseases","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4324
77 downloads
418 views

Background During the winter of 2014–2015, a rarely reported norovirus (NoV) genotype GII.17 was found to have increased its frequency in norovirus outbreaks in East Asia, surpassing the GII.4 NoV infections. GII.17 genotype has been detected for over three decades...

["Epidemiology","Global Health","Infectious Diseases"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4333
284 downloads
601 views

Background Worldwide, the number of recorded human hantavirus infections as well as the number of affected countries is on the rise. In Europe, most human hantavirus infections are caused by the Puumala virus (PUUV), with bank voles (Myodes glareolus) as reservoir...

["Parasitology","Infectious Diseases","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4255
79 downloads
320 views

Background Acute respiratory failure (ARF) is a life-threatening complication in patients with community acquired pneumonia (CAP). The use of non-invasive ventilation is controversial. With this prospective, observational study we aimed to describe a protocol to...

["Evidence Based Medicine","Global Health","Infectious Diseases","Public Health","Respiratory Medicine"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4211
76 downloads
342 views

Dengue is endemic throughout tropical and subtropical regions of the world. Currently, there is no clinically approved therapeutic drug available for this acute viral infection. Although the first dengue vaccine Dengvaxia has been approved for use in certain countries,...

["Molecular Biology","Evidence Based Medicine","Infectious Diseases"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3939
148 downloads
790 views

In group-living animals, heterogeneity in individuals’ social connections may mediate the sharing of microbial infectious agents. In this regard, the genetic relatedness of individuals’ commensal gut bacterium Escherichia coli may be ideal to assess the potential...

["Animal Behavior","Infectious Diseases"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4271
277 downloads
1,937 views

Background Microbial genome sequencing is now being routinely used in many clinical and public health laboratories. Understanding how to report complex genomic test results to stakeholders who may have varying familiarity with genomics—including clinicians, laboratorians,...

["Genomics","Microbiology","Infectious Diseases","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4218

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