Peer-reviewed Articles

72 downloads
277 views

Serpins are a broadly distributed superfamily of protease inhibitors that are present in all kingdoms of life. The acronym, serpin, is derived from their function as potent serine proteases inhibitors. Early studies of serpins focused on their functions in haemostasis...

["Biochemistry","Microbiology","Parasitology","Immunology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4557
66 downloads
303 views

Background Kawasaki disease (KD) is an immune-mediated systemic vasculitis, and infection plays an important role in the pathophysiology of KD. The susceptibility to infectious disease in patients with KD remains largely unclear. This study aimed to investigate...

["Allergy and Clinical Immunology","Cardiology","Immunology","Infectious Diseases","Pediatrics"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4539
43 downloads
240 views

Background The number of oropharyngeal lesions caused by HPV (Human papillomavirus) has been increasing worldwide in the past years. In spite of the clinical relevance of HPV infection in the anogenital tract of HIV-positive patients, the relevance of oropharynx...

["Dentistry","HIV","Immunology","Pathology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4407
67 downloads
294 views

This study assessed in detail the influence of four different human proteins on the activation of CD4+ and CD8+ T lymphocytes and on the formation of regulatory T cells. Human whole-blood samples were incubated with four different human proteins. The effects of...

["Allergy and Clinical Immunology","Immunology","Internal Medicine","Pathology","Pediatrics"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4462
181 downloads
1,091 views

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and many public health jurisdictions continue to advocate for the most sensitive rapid HIV test that is available. Currently, the recommendation is to utilize tests that can detect HIV infection biomarkers within...

["Biotechnology","HIV","Immunology","Infectious Diseases","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4430
57 downloads
257 views

Obesity and sleep fragmentation (SF) are often co-occurring pro-inflammatory conditions in patients with obstructive sleep apnea. Leptin is a peptide hormone produced by adipocytes that has anorexigenic effects upon appetite while regulating immunity. The role...

["Diabetes and Endocrinology","Immunology","Neurology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4423
68 downloads
277 views

Background Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) disease has been shown to be associated with the generation of multiple auto-antibodies. Among these, anti-dsDNA antibodies (anti-DNAs) are specific and play a pathogenic role in SLE. Indeed, anti-DNA+ SLE patients...

["Cell Biology","Immunology","Rheumatology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4294
109 downloads
572 views

Background Toll like receptors (TLRs) are an important and evolutionary conserved class of pattern recognition receptors associated with innate immunity. The recognition of Gram-positive cell wall constituents strongly depends on TLR2. In order to be functional,...

["Biochemistry","Cell Biology","Immunology","Nutrition"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4212
126 downloads
416 views

Background Autoimmune thyroid disease (AITD), which is characterized by an increased presence of thyroid autoantibodies (TAbs), such as antibodies against thyroid peroxidase (TPOAbs) and antibodies against thyroglobulin (TgAbs), has been reported to be associated...

["Diabetes and Endocrinology","Immunology","Rheumatology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4216
104 downloads
364 views

In this study, equine source polyclonal anti-Bacillus anthracis immunoglobulins were generated and utilized to demonstrate passive protection of mice in a lethal challenge assay. Four horses were hyper-immunized with B. anthracis Sterne strain for approximately...

["Immunology","Infectious Diseases"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3907
113 downloads
971 views

Background Left-sided and right-sided colon cancers (LCCs and RCCs, respectively) differ in their epidemiology, pathogenesis, genetic and epigenetic alterations, molecular pathways and prognosis. Notably, immune response gene expression profiles have been shown...

["Immunology","Oncology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4153
1 citation
108 downloads
447 views

Background Pertussis is a vaccine-preventable disease, yet an increasing incidence of pertussis occurs in many countries. Thailand has a long-standing pertussis vaccination policy, therefore most expectant mothers today had received vaccines as children. The resurgence...

["Immunology","Infectious Diseases","Women's Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4043
2 citations
249 downloads
998 views

Cancers have killed millions of people in human history and are still posing a serious health problem worldwide. Therefore, there is an urgent need for developing preventive and therapeutic cancer vaccines. Among various cancer vaccine development platforms, virus-like...

["Immunology","Pharmacology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4053
180 downloads
844 views

Background The aim of this cross-sectional study was to identify important biopsychosocial correlates of major depression. Biological mechanisms, including the inflammatory and the tryptophan-serotonin deficiency hypotheses of major depression, were investigated...

["Immunology","Psychiatry and Psychology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3968
102 downloads
451 views

Tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes (TILs) are associated with better clinical outcomes in many tumors. TILs represent a cell-mediated immune response against the carcinoma. CD8+ TILs are a crucial component of cell-mediated immunity. The significance of CD8+ TILs has...

["Immunology","Oncology","Urology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3921

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