Peer-reviewed Articles

46 downloads
411 views

Background Oxytetracycline (OTC), which is largely employed in zootechnical and veterinary practices to ensure wellness of farmed animals, is partially absorbed within the gastrointestinal tract depositing in several tissues. Therefore, the potential OTC toxicity...

["Cell Biology","Allergy and Clinical Immunology","Drugs and Devices","Immunology","Pharmacology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3236
73 downloads
388 views

Apoptosis of lymphocytes is associated with immunosuppression and poor prognosis in sepsis. Our previous report showed that histones, nuclear proteins released from damaged or dying cells in sepsis, can mediate lymphocyte apoptosis via mitochondria damage. Grape...

["Cell Biology","Immunology","Pharmacology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3108
70 downloads
410 views

Interstitial lung disease (ILD) is a severe extra-articular manifestation of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) that is well-defined as a chronic systemic autoimmune disease. A proportion of patients with RA-associated ILD (RA-ILD) develop pulmonary fibrosis (PF), resulting...

["Immunology","Respiratory Medicine","Rheumatology","Statistics"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3021
126 downloads
528 views

Background Interleukin (IL)-17 produced by mainly T helper 17 (Th17) cells may play an important destructive role in chronic periodontitis (CP). Thus, anti-inflammatory cytokines, such as IL-35, might have a beneficial effect in periodontitis by inhibiting differentiation...

["Dentistry","Immunology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2999
88 downloads
391 views

Genetic diversity is one of the pillars of conservation biology research. High genetic diversity and abundant genetic variation in an organism may be suggestive of capacity to adapt to various environmental changes. The major histocompatibility complex (MHC) is...

["Biodiversity","Conservation Biology","Genetics","Zoology","Immunology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2917
1 citation
77 downloads
357 views

Snakebite envenomings represent a neglected public health issue in many parts of the rural tropical world. Animal-derived antivenoms have existed for more than a hundred years and are effective in neutralizing snake venom toxins when timely administered. However,...

["Bioinformatics","Biotechnology","Toxicology","Immunology","Synthetic Biology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2924
75 downloads
269 views

Background Malaria elimination campaigns are planned or active in many countries. The effects of malaria elimination on immune responses such as antigen-specific IFN- γ responses are not well characterized. Methods IFN- γ responses to the P. falciparum antigens...

["Immunology","Infectious Diseases"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2855
1 citation
179 downloads
522 views

Background The involvement of multiple genes and missing heritability, which are dominant in complex diseases such as multiple sclerosis (MS), entail using network biology to better elucidate their molecular basis and genetic factors. We therefore aimed to integrate...

["Bioinformatics","Computational Biology","Immunology","Neurology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2775
123 downloads
514 views

Background T cells play a pivotal role in the adaptive immunity that participates in a wide range of immune responses through a complicated cytokine network. Imbalance of T-cell responses is involved in several immune disorders. Neolitsea species, one of the biggest...

["Cell Biology","Food Science and Technology","Immunology","Pharmacology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2758
142 downloads
471 views

Streptococcus pneumoniae is a pathogen that causes serious invasive infections, such as septicemia, meningitis and pneumonia in addition to mild upper respiratory tract infections. Protection from pneumococcal diseases is thought to be mediated mainly by serotype-specific...

["Immunology","Infectious Diseases"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2737
72 downloads
458 views

Ficolins can activate the lectin pathway of the complement system that provides innate immune protection against pathogens, marks host cellular debris for clearance, and promotes inflammation. Baseline inflammation increases with aging in a phenomenon known as...

["Immunology","Translational Medicine"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2705
98 downloads
465 views

Aims We have recently created an age-dependent hypertensive-mono-arthritic animal model from the stroke-resistant spontaneously hypertensive rat to model populations with autoimmune disease who are hypertensive and are prone to stroke. The model exhibits signs...

["Cardiology","Immunology","Pharmacology","Rheumatology","Histology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2608
170 downloads
556 views

Background Several genes and their single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) are associated with either spontaneous resolution of hepatitis C infection or better treatment-induced viral clearance. We tested a cohort of intravenous drug users (IVDU) diagnosed with...

["Gastroenterology and Hepatology","Immunology","Infectious Diseases","Medical Genetics"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2576
108 downloads
569 views

Antibiotics are a vital and commonly used therapeutic tool, but their use also results in profound changes in the intestinal microbiota that can, in turn, have significant health consequences. Understanding how the microbiota recovers after antibiotic treatment...

["Bioinformatics","Microbiology","Gastroenterology and Hepatology","Immunology","Nutrition"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2518
3 citations
185 downloads
688 views

Ischemic stroke is a common neurological disorder and the burden in the world is growing. This study aims to explore the effect of sex and age difference on ischemic stroke using integrated microarray datasets. The results showed a dramatic difference in whole...

["Bioinformatics","Cardiology","Immunology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2470

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