Peer-reviewed Articles

13 downloads
123 views

Interstitial lung disease (ILD) is a severe extra-articular manifestation of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) that is well-defined as a chronic systemic autoimmune disease. A proportion of patients with RA-associated ILD (RA-ILD) develop pulmonary fibrosis (PF), resulting...

["Immunology","Respiratory Medicine","Rheumatology","Statistics"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3021
28 downloads
267 views

Background Interleukin (IL)-17 produced by mainly T helper 17 (Th17) cells may play an important destructive role in chronic periodontitis (CP). Thus, anti-inflammatory cytokines, such as IL-35, might have a beneficial effect in periodontitis by inhibiting differentiation...

["Dentistry","Immunology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2999
53 downloads
191 views

Genetic diversity is one of the pillars of conservation biology research. High genetic diversity and abundant genetic variation in an organism may be suggestive of capacity to adapt to various environmental changes. The major histocompatibility complex (MHC) is...

["Biodiversity","Conservation Biology","Genetics","Zoology","Immunology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2917
46 downloads
225 views

Snakebite envenomings represent a neglected public health issue in many parts of the rural tropical world. Animal-derived antivenoms have existed for more than a hundred years and are effective in neutralizing snake venom toxins when timely administered. However,...

["Bioinformatics","Biotechnology","Toxicology","Immunology","Synthetic Biology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2924
41 downloads
164 views

Background Malaria elimination campaigns are planned or active in many countries. The effects of malaria elimination on immune responses such as antigen-specific IFN- γ responses are not well characterized. Methods IFN- γ responses to the P. falciparum antigens...

["Immunology","Infectious Diseases"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2855
125 downloads
342 views

Background The involvement of multiple genes and missing heritability, which are dominant in complex diseases such as multiple sclerosis (MS), entail using network biology to better elucidate their molecular basis and genetic factors. We therefore aimed to integrate...

["Bioinformatics","Computational Biology","Immunology","Neurology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2775
83 downloads
323 views

Background T cells play a pivotal role in the adaptive immunity that participates in a wide range of immune responses through a complicated cytokine network. Imbalance of T-cell responses is involved in several immune disorders. Neolitsea species, one of the biggest...

["Cell Biology","Food Science and Technology","Immunology","Pharmacology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2758
96 downloads
381 views

Streptococcus pneumoniae is a pathogen that causes serious invasive infections, such as septicemia, meningitis and pneumonia in addition to mild upper respiratory tract infections. Protection from pneumococcal diseases is thought to be mediated mainly by serotype-specific...

["Immunology","Infectious Diseases"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2737
58 downloads
340 views

Ficolins can activate the lectin pathway of the complement system that provides innate immune protection against pathogens, marks host cellular debris for clearance, and promotes inflammation. Baseline inflammation increases with aging in a phenomenon known as...

["Immunology","Translational Medicine"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2705
74 downloads
358 views

Aims We have recently created an age-dependent hypertensive-mono-arthritic animal model from the stroke-resistant spontaneously hypertensive rat to model populations with autoimmune disease who are hypertensive and are prone to stroke. The model exhibits signs...

["Cardiology","Immunology","Pharmacology","Rheumatology","Histology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2608
139 downloads
433 views

Background Several genes and their single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) are associated with either spontaneous resolution of hepatitis C infection or better treatment-induced viral clearance. We tested a cohort of intravenous drug users (IVDU) diagnosed with...

["Gastroenterology and Hepatology","Immunology","Infectious Diseases","Medical Genetics"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2576
92 downloads
475 views

Antibiotics are a vital and commonly used therapeutic tool, but their use also results in profound changes in the intestinal microbiota that can, in turn, have significant health consequences. Understanding how the microbiota recovers after antibiotic treatment...

["Bioinformatics","Microbiology","Gastroenterology and Hepatology","Immunology","Nutrition"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2518
1 citation
124 downloads
500 views

Ischemic stroke is a common neurological disorder and the burden in the world is growing. This study aims to explore the effect of sex and age difference on ischemic stroke using integrated microarray datasets. The results showed a dramatic difference in whole...

["Bioinformatics","Cardiology","Immunology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2470
121 downloads
491 views

Objective The skin is an important immunological barrier of the body as well as an optimal route for vaccine administration. Gua Sha, which involves press-stroke treatment of the skin, is an effective folk therapy, widely accepted in East Asia, for various symptoms;...

["Dermatology","Immunology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2451
262 downloads
741 views

Background The composition of the salivary microbiota has been reported to differentiate between patients with periodontitis, dental caries and orally healthy individuals. To identify characteristics of diseased and healthy saliva we thus wanted to compare saliva...

["Microbiology","Dentistry","Immunology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2433

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