Peer-reviewed Articles

121 downloads
386 views

Background Overweight and obesity have increased rapidly in incidence to become a global issue today. Overweight and obesity problems are significantly linked to unhealthy dietary patterns, physical inactivity and misperception of body image. This study aimed to...

["Health Policy","Nutrition","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2651
73 downloads
2,665 views

In 2013 approximately 37,000 people were living with HIV in Ecuador (prevalence 0.4%), representing a generalized epidemic where most new infections arise from sexual interactions in the general population. Studies that examine attitudes towards people living with...

["Global Health","Health Policy","HIV","Infectious Diseases","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2726
195 downloads
607 views

Introduction There exist several barriers to maternal health service utilization in developing countries. Most of the previous studies conducted in India have focused on demand-side barriers, while only a few have touched upon supply-side barriers. None of the...

["Global Health","Health Policy","Nursing","Public Health","Women\u2019s Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2675
149 downloads
824 views

Background Rapid reviews expedite the knowledge synthesis process with the goal of providing timely information to healthcare decision-makers who want to use evidence-informed policy and practice approaches. A range of opinions and viewpoints on rapid reviews is...

["Epidemiology","Health Policy"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2522
206 downloads
915 views

Using a mathematical model with realistic demography, we analyze a large outbreak of measles in Muyinga sector in rural Burundi in 1988–1989. We generate simulated epidemic curves and age × time epidemic surfaces, which we qualitatively and quantitatively compare...

["Mathematical Biology","Epidemiology","Health Policy","Infectious Diseases","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2476
138 downloads
458 views

Introduction Hospital readmissions are common, expensive, and a key target of the Medicare Value Based Purchasing (VBP) program. Risk assessment tools have been developed to identify patients at high risk of hospital readmission so they can be targeted for interventions...

["Evidence Based Medicine","Health Policy","Internal Medicine"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2441
138 downloads
1,327 views

Partners of Australian combat veterans are at an increased risk of experiencing mental health problems. The present study provides a comparative analysis of the mental health of partners of veterans with that of the Australian normative data. To compare different...

["Global Health","Health Policy","Nursing","Psychiatry and Psychology","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2373
130 downloads
895 views

Objectives. The frequency, predisposing factors and impact of urinary incontinence (UI) on quality of life (QoL) during pregnancy were investigated. Materials and Method. A preliminary cross-sectional survey was studied among pregnant women between January and...

["Gynecology and Obstetrics","Health Policy","Nursing","Urology","Women\u2019s Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2283
71 downloads
690 views

Objectives. The primary objective of this study was to assess the rules governing secondary school pupils’ carriage of inhalers for emergency treatment of asthma in the North East of England. Design. This study was based upon a postal questionnaire survey. Setting....

["Health Policy","Pediatrics","Public Health","Respiratory Medicine","Legal Issues"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2006
313 downloads
3,520 views

The ability of the United States to most efficiently make breakthroughs on the biology, diagnosis and treatment of human diseases requires that physicians and scientists in each state have equal access to federal research grants and grant dollars. However, despite...

["Health Policy","Science and Medical Education","Science Policy"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.1917
300 downloads
1,860 views

Background. Little research exists on the impact of paid work on academic performance of students of health sciences. No research exists on this subject for students in Colombia. Objectives. This paper seeks to analyze the impact of paid work on academic performance...

["Health Policy","Nursing","Legal Issues","Science and Medical Education","Science Policy"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.1838
1 citation
274 downloads
735 views

Background. Hepatitis B virus (HBV) infections are perinatally transmitted from chronically infected mothers. Supplemental antiviral therapy during late pregnancy with lamivudine (LAM), telbivudine (LdT), or tenofovir (TDF) can substantially reduce perinatal HBV...

["Health Policy","Infectious Diseases","Pediatrics","Public Health","Women\u2019s Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.1709
3 citations
324 downloads
942 views

Background. Multiple sclerosis (MS) has become a disease that represents a tremendous burden on patients, families, and societies. The exact etiology of MS is still unclear, but it is believed that a combination of genetic and environmental factors contribute to...

["Epidemiology","Evidence Based Medicine","Health Policy","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.1797
313 downloads
773 views

Background. Physician wellness is a vital element of a well-functioning health care system. Not only is physician wellness empirically associated with quality and patient outcomes, but its ramifications span individual, interpersonal, organizational, and societal...

["Health Policy","Psychiatry and Psychology","Public Health","Ethical Issues","Science and Medical Education"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.1783
244 downloads
803 views

Background. Healthcare workers have an increased risk of latent tuberculosis infection (LTBI), but previous studies suggested that they might be reluctant to accept preventive tuberculosis (TB) treatment. We aimed to examine doctors’ and nurses’ experience of TB...

["Health Policy","Infectious Diseases","Medical Staff, Hospital","Public Health","Respiratory Medicine"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.1738

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