Peer-reviewed Articles

72 downloads
446 views

Background A Rohingya refugee camp in Cox’s Bazar, Bangladesh experienced a large-scale diphtheria epidemic in 2017. The background information of previously immune fraction among refugees cannot be explicitly estimated, and thus we conducted an uncertainty analysis...

["Computational Biology","Mathematical Biology","Epidemiology","Global Health","Infectious Diseases"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4583
46 downloads
411 views

Background Non-communicable disease (NCD) risk factors can co-exist with disability and cause a greater burden on the health status of adults with disabilities. A lack of egalitarian social policies in China may result in gender disparities in the NCD risk factors...

["Global Health","Public Health","Women\u2019s Health","Science and Medical Education"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4505
101 downloads
604 views

Background Anemia is the most widely prevalent form of micronutrient deficiency that affects over a quarter of the global population. Evidence suggests that the burden of anemia is higher in the developing countries with women of reproductive age and children being...

["Epidemiology","Global Health","Nutrition","Public Health","Women\u2019s Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4414
82 downloads
735 views

Young adults have a higher risk of contracting sexually transmitted infections (STIs) than other age groups. This risk may be mediated by their social and cultural setting which can impact young adults’ awareness of, beliefs in, and risk of contracting STIs (including...

["Global Health","Public Health","Women\u2019s Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4362
81 downloads
1,049 views

Background Bacterial vaginosis (BV) is a microbial imbalance (i.e., dysbiosis) that can produce serious medical effects in women at childbearing age. Little is known, however, about the incidence of BV or vaginal microbiota dysbiosis in pregnant teenagers in low...

["Microbiology","Global Health","Gynecology and Obstetrics","Women\u2019s Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4317
90 downloads
491 views

Background In this study, the long-term efficacy of hepatitis B virus (HBV) vaccination was assessed using seroprevalence and an age–period–cohort (APC) model of HBV seromarkers among university entrants 30 years after the introduction of the national neonatal...

["Epidemiology","Gastroenterology and Hepatology","Global Health","Infectious Diseases","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4297
94 downloads
608 views

Background Although several studies have identified risk factors for high blood pressure (BP), data from Afro-Caribbean populations are limited. Additionally, less is known about how putative risk factors operate in young adults and how social factors influence...

["Cardiology","Epidemiology","Global Health","Internal Medicine","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4385
78 downloads
430 views

Background During the winter of 2014–2015, a rarely reported norovirus (NoV) genotype GII.17 was found to have increased its frequency in norovirus outbreaks in East Asia, surpassing the GII.4 NoV infections. GII.17 genotype has been detected for over three decades...

["Epidemiology","Global Health","Infectious Diseases"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4333
83 downloads
335 views

Background Acute respiratory failure (ARF) is a life-threatening complication in patients with community acquired pneumonia (CAP). The use of non-invasive ventilation is controversial. With this prospective, observational study we aimed to describe a protocol to...

["Evidence Based Medicine","Global Health","Infectious Diseases","Public Health","Respiratory Medicine"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4211
144 downloads
670 views

Background CD4 cell count in adults with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection (PLHIV) not receiving antiretroviral therapy (ART) influences tuberculosis (TB) risk. Despite widespread use in models informing resource allocation, this relationship has not...

["Epidemiology","Global Health","HIV","Infectious Diseases","Statistics"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4165
1 citation
209 downloads
355 views

Background The importance of assessing body fat variables and physical fitness tests plays an important role in monitoring the level of activity and physical fitness of the general population. The objective of this study was to develop reference norms to evaluate...

["Global Health","Health Policy","Kinesiology","Pediatrics","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4032
298 downloads
1,000 views

Background In Nicaragua, cervical cancer is the leading cause of cancer-related death for women ages 15–44, yet access to the HPV vaccine is limited to those with financial resources to pay for it. Cervical cytology is provided free of charge in public clinics;...

["Global Health","Oncology","Public Health","Women's Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3871
1 citation
264 downloads
1,472 views

Introduction The repurposing of non-antibiotic drugs as adjuvant antibiotics may help break antimicrobial resistance (AMR). Statins are commonly prescribed worldwide to lower cholesterol. They also possess qualities of AMR “breakers”, namely direct antibacterial...

["Microbiology","Drugs and Devices","Global Health","Infectious Diseases","Pharmacology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3952
133 downloads
579 views

Background The interaction between influenza virus and the host response to infection clearly plays an important role in determining the outcome of infection. While much is known on the participation of inflammation on the pathogenesis of severe A (H1N1) pandemic...

["Global Health","Infectious Diseases","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3915
1 citation
100 downloads
312 views

Background For children worldwide, diarrhea is the second leading cause of death. These deaths are preventable by fluid resuscitation. Nasogastric tubes (NGs) have been shown to be equivalent to intravenous fluids for rehydration and recommended by the World Health...

["Global Health","Pediatrics"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3829

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