Peer-reviewed Articles

1,190 downloads
4,360 views

Background Low back pain clinical practice guidelines consistently recommend against the routine ordering of spinal imaging; however, imaging is frequently requested in primary care, without evidence of benefit. Imaging reports frequently identify degenerative...

["Evidence Based Medicine","Orthopedics","Radiology and Medical Imaging","Rheumatology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4151
80 downloads
679 views

Ginsenoside Rk1 (G-Rk1) is a unique component created by processing the ginseng plant (mainly Sung Ginseng (SG)) at high temperatures. The aim of our study was to systematically review the pharmacological effects of G-Rk1. We utilized and manually searched eight...

["Plant Science","Evidence Based Medicine","Pharmacology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3993
87 downloads
330 views

Bone marrow stimulation may be applied to regenerate focal cartilage defects, but generally results in transient clinical improvement and formation of fibrocartilage rather than hyaline cartilage. Tissue engineering and regenerative medicine strive to develop new...

["Bioengineering","Evidence Based Medicine","Orthopedics","Rheumatology","Translational Medicine"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3927
311 downloads
1,954 views

Objectives Compare the immediate effects of a Neurodynamic Mobilization (NM) treatment or foam roller (FR) treatment after DOMS. Design Double blind randomised clinical trial. Setting The participants performed 100 drop jumps (5 sets of 20 repetitions, separated...

["Clinical Trials","Evidence Based Medicine","Geriatrics","Nursing","Rheumatology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3908
50 downloads
222 views

Background In late 2015, cut-off points were published for foveal thickness to diagnose diabetic macular oedema taking into account the presence of intraretinal fluid using optical coherence tomography (OCT) in primary care patients (90 µm in the presence of intraretinal...

["Diabetes and Endocrinology","Epidemiology","Evidence Based Medicine","Ophthalmology","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3922
122 downloads
506 views

Background High mobility group box 1 (HMGB1) is a well-known damage-related alarmin that participates in cellular inflammatory responses. However, the mechanisms leading to HMGB1 release in inflammatory conditions and the therapeutic agents that could prevent it...

["Biotechnology","Toxicology","Drugs and Devices","Evidence Based Medicine","Pharmacology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3808
189 downloads
595 views

Introduction Different types of headaches and TMJ click influence the masseter muscle activity. The aim of this study was to assess the trend of energy level of the electromyography (EMG) activity of the masseter muscle during open-close clench cycles in migraine...

["Bioengineering","Computational Biology","Evidence Based Medicine","Radiology and Medical Imaging","Translational Medicine"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3556
1 citation
211 downloads
532 views

Background Quercus infectoria G. Olivier (Fagaceae) nutgalls have been widely employed in traditional Asian medicine for several treatments, especially wounds and skin disorders. However, the effects of this plant on wound healing have not yet been clearly elucidated....

["Dermatology","Diabetes and Endocrinology","Evidence Based Medicine"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3608
1 citation
335 downloads
802 views

Aim To evaluate the effects of sodium-glucose co-transporter 2 (SGLT2) inhibition on renal function and albuminuria in patients with type 2 diabetes. Methods We conducted systematic searches of PubMed, Embase and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials up...

["Diabetes and Endocrinology","Evidence Based Medicine","Nephrology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3405
1 citation
107 downloads
537 views

Background Little is known about the role of dietary intake in obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), which could prove important in improving clinical outcomes for people with obesity and/or cardiovascular disease within these populations. Reduction in energy intake typically...

["Epidemiology","Evidence Based Medicine","Nutrition","Respiratory Medicine","Metabolic Sciences"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3259
1 citation
122 downloads
538 views

Purpose To assess the overall quality of published urological meta-analyses and identify predictive factors for high quality. Materials and Methods We systematically searched PubMed to identify meta-analyses published from January 1st, 2011 to December 31st, 2015...

["Epidemiology","Evidence Based Medicine","Urology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3129
182 downloads
462 views

Background The diagnostic values of interferon-gamma release assays (IGRA) in tuberculosis (TB) vary a lot with different site of infections, with especially higher sensitivities in chronic forms of TB such as tuberculosis of the lymph node. We conducted a meta-analysis...

["Evidence Based Medicine","Infectious Diseases"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3136
1 citation
318 downloads
1,057 views

Introduction Hospital readmissions are common, expensive, and a key target of the Medicare Value Based Purchasing (VBP) program. Validated risk assessment tools such as the HOSPITAL score and LACE index have been developed to identify patients at high risk of hospital...

["Evidence Based Medicine","Health Policy","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3137
155 downloads
481 views

Previous studies have investigated the association between cytotoxic T-lymphocyte antigen-4 (CTLA-4) polymorphisms and breast cancer susceptibility, but the results remained inconsistent. Therefore, we evaluated the relationship between four common CTLA-4 polymorphisms...

["Evidence Based Medicine","Oncology","Medical Genetics"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2815
2 citations
458 downloads
1,143 views

Background New reliable devices for range of motion (ROM) measures in older adults are necessary to improve knowledge about the functional capability in this population. Dorsiflexion ROM limitation is associated with ankle injuries, foot pain, lower limb disorders,...

["Evidence Based Medicine","Geriatrics","Kinesiology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2820

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