Peer-reviewed Articles

47 downloads
291 views

Background Several recent studies have shown that total scores on depressive symptom measures in a general population approximate an exponential pattern except for the lower end of the distribution. Furthermore, we confirmed that the exponential pattern is present...

["Epidemiology","Psychiatry and Psychology","Statistics"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2987
125 downloads
467 views

Background Manual anthropometric measurements are time-consuming and challenging to perform within acceptable intra- and inter-individual error margins in large studies. Three-dimensional (3D) laser body scanners provide a fast and precise alternative: within a...

["Anthropology","Anatomy and Physiology","Epidemiology","Public Health","Radiology and Medical Imaging"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2980
84 downloads
272 views

Streptococcus pneumoniae remains the leading causative pathogen in pediatric pneumonia and bacteremia throughout the world. The invasive pneumococcal disease (IPD) is known as isolation of S. pneumoniae from a normally sterile site (e.g., blood, cerebrospinal fluid,...

["Emergency and Critical Care","Epidemiology","Infectious Diseases","Pediatrics","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2941
120 downloads
621 views

From early 2012, a novel clone of vancomycin resistant Enterococcus faecium (assigned the multi locus sequence type ST796) was simultaneously isolated from geographically separate hospitals in south eastern Australia and New Zealand. Here we describe the complete...

["Evolutionary Studies","Genomics","Microbiology","Epidemiology","Infectious Diseases"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2916
76 downloads
244 views

Background Although the relationship between a history of kidney stones and chronic kidney disease (CKD) has been explored in many studies, it is still far from being well understood. Thus, we conducted a meta-analysis of studies comparing rates of CKD in patients...

["Epidemiology","Nephrology","Urology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2907
110 downloads
212 views

Background Chronically escalated parent–child conflict has been observed to elicit maladaptive behavior and reduced psychological well-being in children and youth. In this epidemiological study, we sought to estimate the occurrence of escalated parent–child conflict...

["Epidemiology","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2905
410 downloads
4,748 views

Background Increasing population-levels of physical activity (PA) is a controversial strategy for managing the obesity epidemic, given the conflicting evidence for weight loss from PA alone per se. We measured PA and weight change in a three-year prospective cohort...

["Epidemiology","Global Health","Nutrition","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2902
101 downloads
360 views

Klebsiella pneumoniae is responsible for numerous infections caused in hospitals, leading to mortality and morbidity. It has been evolving as a multi-drug resistant pathogen, acquiring multiple resistances such as such as horizontal gene transfer, transposon-mediated...

["Microbiology","Molecular Biology","Drugs and Devices","Epidemiology","Infectious Diseases"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2896
73 downloads
286 views

Background Psychological disorders are common in diabetes mellitus (DM) patients, and the aim of this study was to estimate the prevalence of psychological distress and to determine the influence factors associated with psychological distress among DM patients...

["Diabetes and Endocrinology","Epidemiology","Psychiatry and Psychology","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2869
51 downloads
302 views

The emergence and spread of drug-resistance during treatment of many infectious diseases continue to degrade our ability to control and mitigate infection outcomes using therapeutic measures. While the coverage and efficacy of treatment remain key factors in the...

["Mathematical Biology","Epidemiology","Infectious Diseases","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2817
64 downloads
269 views

The incidence of cutaneous melanoma (CM) has rapidly increased over the past four decades. CM is often overlooked in East Asian populations due to its low incidence, despite East Asia making up 22% of the world’s population. Since the 1990s, Caucasian populations...

["Dermatology","Epidemiology","Oncology","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2809
181 downloads
403 views

This large-scale, controlled cohort study estimated the risks of lung cancer in patients with gastro-esophageal reflux disease (GERD) in Taiwan. We conducted this population-based study using data from the National Health Insurance Research Database of Taiwan during...

["Epidemiology","Gastroenterology and Hepatology","Oncology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2753
55 downloads
280 views

Introduction One-year mortality in COPD patients is reported to be between 4% and 43%, depending on the group examined. Aim To examine the one-year mortality in COPD patients after severe exacerbation and the correlation between mortality and patients’ characteristics...

["Epidemiology","Internal Medicine","Respiratory Medicine"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2788
131 downloads
385 views

MicroRNAs (miRNAs) may promote the development and progression of human cancers. Therefore, components of the miRNA biogenesis pathway may play critical roles in human cancer. Single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) or mutations in genes involved in the miRNA biogenesis...

["Genetics","Epidemiology","Evidence Based Medicine","Oncology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2706
110 downloads
336 views

Background Age remains a significant and unmodifiable risk factor for cardiovascular diseases, and an increasing number of patients older than 80 years of age undergo Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting (CABG). Old age is also an independent risk factor for postoperative...

["Cardiology","Epidemiology","Geriatrics","Nursing","Surgery and Surgical Specialties"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2667

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