Peer-reviewed Articles

Background Melolonthinae beetles, comprising different white grub species, are a globally-distributed pest group. Their larvae feed on roots of several crop and forestry species, and adults can cause severe defoliation. In New Zealand, the endemic scarab pest Costelytra...

["Animal Behavior","Ecology","Entomology","Zoology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3213
21 downloads
197 views

Grape sour (bunch) rot is a polymicrobial disease of vineyards that causes millions of dollars in lost revenue per year due to decreased quality of grapes and resultant wine. The disease is associated with damaged berries infected with a community of acetic acid...

["Agricultural Science","Ecology","Entomology","Microbiology","Mycology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3223
25 downloads
112 views

Given the rapid population decline and recent petition for listing of the monarch butterfly (Danaus plexippus L.) under the Endangered Species Act, an accurate estimate of the Eastern, migratory population size is needed. Because of difficulty in counting individual...

["Conservation Biology","Ecology","Entomology","Mathematical Biology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3221
37 downloads
246 views

Background Essential oil components (EOCs) are molecules with interesting application in pest control, these have been evaluated against different insect pest from more than 100 years, but their practical use is rather limited. Thus, the enhancement of their bioavailability...

["Entomology","Environmental Sciences","Toxicology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3171
59 downloads
310 views

Background Epipactis helleborine is an Eurasian orchid species which prefers woodland environments but it may also spontaneously and successfully colonise human-made artificial and disturbed habitats such as roadsides, town parks and gardens. It is suggested that...

["Biodiversity","Ecology","Entomology","Plant Science"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3159
74 downloads
344 views

Identification of arthropods important in disease transmission is a crucial, yet difficult, task that can demand considerable training and experience. An important case in point is that of the 150+ species of Triatominae, vectors of Trypanosoma cruzi, causative...

["Entomology","Computational Science"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3040
46 downloads
379 views

The Pacific coast tick, Dermacentor occidentalis Marx, is found throughout California and can harbor agents that cause human diseases such as anaplasmosis, ehrlichiosis, tularemia, Rocky Mountain spotted fever and rickettsiosis 364D. Previous studies have demonstrated...

["Entomology","Microbiology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3202
89 downloads
579 views

Contemporary patterns of land use and global climate change are modifying regional pools of parasite host species. The impact of host community changes on human disease risk, however, is difficult to assess due to a lack of information about zoonotic parasite host...

["Biogeography","Ecology","Entomology","Parasitology","Infectious Diseases"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3152
42 downloads
263 views

Although neonicotinoids are targeted at insects, their predominant use as a seed dressing and their long persistence in soils mean that non-target soil organisms such as earthworms are likely to be chronically exposed to them. Chronic exposure may pose risks that...

["Agricultural Science","Entomology","Environmental Sciences","Toxicology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3177
107 downloads
658 views

Background Conserving biodiversity in tropical landscapes is a major challenge to scientists and conservationists. Current rates of deforestation, fragmentation, and land use intensification are producing variegated landscapes with undetermined values for the conservation...

["Agricultural Science","Biodiversity","Conservation Biology","Ecology","Entomology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3125
72 downloads
387 views

The olfaction system of insects plays an important role in mediating various physiological behaviors, including locating hosts, avoiding predators, and recognizing mates and oviposition sites. Therefore, some key genes in the system present valuable opportunities...

["Entomology","Genomics","Molecular Biology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3157
81 downloads
370 views

In the Western honey bee, Apis mellifera, queens and workers have different longevity although they share the same genome. Queens consume royal jelly (RJ) as the main food throughout their life, including as adults, but workers only eat worker jelly when they are...

["Animal Behavior","Entomology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3118
29 downloads
240 views

Background With the possible implications of global warming, the effect of temperature on the dynamics of malaria vectors in Africa has become a subject of increasing interest. Information from the field is, however, relatively sparse. We describe the effect of...

["Ecology","Entomology","Epidemiology","Global Health","Infectious Diseases"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3099
48 downloads
279 views

The wood-feeding cockroach Cryptocercus punctulatus Scudder (Blattodea: Cryptocercidae) is an important member of the dead wood (saproxylic) community in montane forests of the southeastern United States. However, its population biology remains poorly understood....

["Entomology","Genetics","Zoology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3127
72 downloads
311 views

The spotted wing Drosophila, Drosophila suzukii, is a new pest in Europe and America which causes severe damages, mostly to stone fruit crops. Temperature and humidity are among the most important abiotic factors governing insect development and fitness. In many...

["Ecology","Entomology","Environmental Sciences"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3112

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