Peer-reviewed Articles

70 downloads
734 views

Aim To perform a systematic review and meta-analysis of the weekend effect on the mortality of patients with upper gastrointestinal bleeding(UGIB). Methods The review protocol has been registered in the PROSPERO International Prospective Register of Systematic...

["Emergency and Critical Care","Gastroenterology and Hepatology","Internal Medicine"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4248
179 downloads
637 views

Background Few studies compared the diagnostic value of procalcitonin with a combination of other tests including lactate and high-sensitivity C-reactive protein in the prediction of pathogenic bacteremia in emergency department adult patients. Methods We performed...

["Emergency and Critical Care","Infectious Diseases","Internal Medicine","Pathology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4094
195 downloads
4,169 views

Background The study objective was to investigate and synthesize available evidence relating to the psychological health of Emergency Dispatch Centre (EDC) operatives, and to identify key stressors experienced by EDC operatives. Methods Eight electronic databases...

["Emergency and Critical Care","Psychiatry and Psychology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3735
211 downloads
2,076 views

Objective Extracorporeal life support (ECLS) is a life-saving procedure used in the treatment of severe cardiogenic shock. Within this retrospective single centre study, we examined our experience in this critically ill patient cohort to assess outcomes and clinical...

["Cardiology","Clinical Trials","Emergency and Critical Care","Surgery and Surgical Specialties"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3813
1 citation
168 downloads
806 views

Background New-onset atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common arrhythmia in critically ill patients. Although evidence base and expert consensus opinion for management have been summarised in several international guidelines, no specific considerations for critically...

["Anesthesiology and Pain Management","Cardiology","Emergency and Critical Care"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3716
147 downloads
573 views

Background Electronic Health Record (EHR)-based sepsis alert systems have failed to demonstrate improvements in clinically meaningful endpoints. However, the effect of implementation barriers on the success of new sepsis alert systems is rarely explored. Objective...

["Bioinformatics","Emergency and Critical Care","Human-Computer Interaction"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3083
1 citation
193 downloads
603 views

Background Paroxysmal sympathetic hyperactivity (PSH) results and aggravates in secondary brain injury, which seriously affects the prognosis of severe traumatic brain injury patients. Although several studies have focused on the treatment of PSH, few have concentrated...

["Drugs and Devices","Emergency and Critical Care","Neurology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2986
292 downloads
646 views

Streptococcus pneumoniae remains the leading causative pathogen in pediatric pneumonia and bacteremia throughout the world. The invasive pneumococcal disease (IPD) is known as isolation of S. pneumoniae from a normally sterile site (e.g., blood, cerebrospinal fluid,...

["Emergency and Critical Care","Epidemiology","Infectious Diseases","Pediatrics","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2941
157 downloads
736 views

Background Preanalytic factors such as time and temperature can have significant effects on laboratory test results. For example, ammonium concentration will increase 31% in blood samples stored at room temperature for 30 min before centrifugation. To reduce preanalytic...

["Biochemistry","Veterinary Medicine","Emergency and Critical Care","Gastroenterology and Hepatology","Hematology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2732
200 downloads
876 views

Objective. We hypothesized that a significant percentage of patients who are referred to the Emergency Department (ED) after calling their primary care physician’s (PCP) office receive such instructions without the input of a physician. Methods. We enrolled a convenience...

["Emergency and Critical Care","Nursing","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.1507
186 downloads
989 views

The effects of isoflurane on the determinants of blood flow during Coronary Artery Bypass Graft (CABG) surgery are not completely understood. This study characterized the influence of isoflurane on the diastolic Pressure-Flow (P-F) relationship and Critical Occlusion...

["Anesthesiology and Pain Management","Cardiology","Clinical Trials","Emergency and Critical Care","Surgery and Surgical Specialties"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.1619
152 downloads
963 views

Background. Many proponents for healthcare reform suggest increased cost-sharing by patients as a method to reduce overall expenditures. Prior studies on the effects of co-payments for ED visits have generally not been directed toward understanding patient attitudes/behavior...

["Emergency and Critical Care","Health Policy"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.1544
1 citation
1,344 downloads
1,296 views

The aim of this study was to investigate the risk factors of hypoalbuminemia and effects of different albumin levels on the prognosis of surgical septic patients. We preformed a retrospective clinical study including 135 adult patients from September 2011 to June...

["Emergency and Critical Care","Surgery and Surgical Specialties"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.1267
1 citation
1,081 downloads
1,373 views

In the complex environment of intensive care units, needs of patients’ relatives might be seen as the lowest priority. On the other hand, because of their patients’ critical and often uncertain conditions, stress levels of relatives are quite high. This study aims...

["Emergency and Critical Care","Health Policy","Neurology","Psychiatry and Psychology","Statistics"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.1208
1 citation
1,031 downloads
1,354 views

Introduction. Hospital readmission within 30 days of discharge is a target for health care cost savings through the medicare Value Based Purchasing initiative. Because of this focus, hospitals and health systems are investing considerable resources into the identification...

["Emergency and Critical Care","Evidence Based Medicine","Health Policy","Hematology","Internal Medicine"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.1181

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