Peer-reviewed Articles

Background Australian scorpions have received far less attention from researchers than their overseas counterparts. Here we provide the first insight into the molecular variation and evolutionary history of the endemic Australian scorpion Urodacus yaschenkoi. Also...

["Biogeography","Evolutionary Studies","Taxonomy"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2759
42 downloads
222 views

Species distribution models (SDMs) have become an essential tool in ecology, biogeography, evolution and, more recently, in conservation biology. How to generalize species distributions in large undersampled areas, especially with few samples, is a fundamental...

["Biodiversity","Biogeography","Conservation Biology","Ecology","Zoology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2849
178 downloads
2,696 views

Background The colubrid snakes of the genus Rhynchocalamus are seldom studied and knowledge of their ecology and life history is scarce. Three species of Rhynchocalamus are currently recognized, R. satunini (from Turkey eastwards to Iran), R. arabicus (Yemen and...

["Biodiversity","Biogeography","Evolutionary Studies","Taxonomy","Zoology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2769
57 downloads
192 views

Background The range, population size and trend of large carnivores are important parameters to assess their status globally and to plan conservation strategies. One can use linear models to assess population size and trends of large carnivores from track-based...

["Biodiversity","Biogeography","Conservation Biology","Ecology","Statistics"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2662
100 downloads
306 views

Background Primary biodiversity records (PBR) are essential in many areas of scientific research as they document the biodiversity through time and space. However, concerns about PBR quality and fitness-for-use have grown, especially as derived from taxonomical,...

["Biodiversity","Biogeography","Bioinformatics","Ecosystem Science","Zoology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2743
58 downloads
166 views

Collective motion has traditionally been studied in the lab in homogeneous, obstacle-free environments, with little work having been conducted with changing landscapes or topography. Here, the impact of spatial heterogeneity on the collective motion exhibited by...

["Animal Behavior","Biogeography","Ecology","Entomology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2742
157 downloads
564 views

Background Cloud forests, characterized by a persistent, frequent or seasonal low-level cloud cover and fragmented distribution, are one of the most threatened habitats, especially in the Neotropics. Tree ferns are among the most conspicuous elements in these forests,...

["Biodiversity","Biogeography","Ecology","Evolutionary Studies","Plant Science"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2696
351 downloads
3,319 views

We describe three new species of minute salamanders, genus Thorius, from the Sierra Madre del Sur of Oaxaca, Mexico. Until now only a single species, T. minutissimus, has been reported from this region, although molecular data have long shown extensive genetic...

["Biodiversity","Biogeography","Evolutionary Studies","Taxonomy","Zoology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2694
194 downloads
1,000 views

Hyaenodonta is a diverse, extinct group of carnivorous mammals that included weasel- to rhinoceros-sized species. The oldest-known hyaenodont fossils are from the middle Paleocene of North Africa and the antiquity of the group in Afro-Arabia led to the hypothesis...

["Biogeography","Paleontology","Taxonomy"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2639
85 downloads
229 views

The alpine grasslands on the Tibetan Plateau are sensitive and vulnerable to climate change. However, it is still unknown how precipitation use efficiency (PUE), the ratio of aboveground net primary productivity (ANPP) to precipitation, is related to community...

["Agricultural Science","Biodiversity","Biogeography","Ecology","Environmental Sciences"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2680
71 downloads
247 views

Great rivers were generally looked at as the geographical barrier to gene flow for many taxonomic groups. The Yangtze River is the third largest river in the world, and flows across South China and into the East China Sea. Up until now, few studies have been carried...

["Biogeography","Conservation Biology","Zoology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2654
120 downloads
450 views

Background Psilochilus is a poorly studied orchid genus distributed from southern Mexico to south-eastern Brazil. A taxonomic revision of this Neotropical endemic based on morphological data is presented. Material and Methods Over 170 dried herbarium specimens...

["Biodiversity","Biogeography","Ecology","Plant Science","Taxonomy"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2600
108 downloads
673 views

Although it has been traditionally accepted that Arenaria balearica (Caryophyllaceae) could be a relict Tertiary plant species, this has never been experimentally tested. Nor have the palaeohistorical reasons underlying the highly fragmented distribution of the...

["Biodiversity","Biogeography","Evolutionary Studies","Genetics","Plant Science"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2618
123 downloads
326 views

Subtropical dry forests are among the most vulnerable biomes to land transformation at a global scale. Among them, the Dry Chaco suffers an accelerated change due to agriculture expansion and intensification. The Dry Chaco ecoregion is characterized by high levels...

["Biogeography","Conservation Biology","Zoology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2605
240 downloads
411 views

This study examines the relative importance of six variables: area, the mid-domain effect, temperature, precipitation, productivity, and habitat heterogeneity on elevational patterns of species richness for breeding birds along a central Himalaya gradient in the...

["Biodiversity","Biogeography","Conservation Biology","Ecology","Zoology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2636

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