Peer-reviewed Articles

142 downloads
877 views

The patella is a sesamoid bone located in the major extensor tendon of the knee joint, in the hindlimb of many tetrapods. Although numerous aspects of knee morphology are ancient and conserved among most tetrapods, the evolutionary occurrence of an ossified patella...

["Evolutionary Studies","Palaeontology","Zoology","Anatomy and Physiology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3103
31 downloads
143 views

Background The Non-Recurrent Laryngeal Nerve (NRLN) is a rare embryologically-derived variant of the Recurrent Laryngeal Nerve (RLN). The presence of an NRLN significantly increases the risk of iatrogenic injury and operative complications. Our aim was to provide...

["Anatomy and Physiology","Surgery and Surgical Specialties"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3012
68 downloads
424 views

In legged terrestrial locomotion, the duration of stance phase, i.e., when limbs are in contact with the substrate, is positively correlated with limb length, and negatively correlated with the metabolic cost of transport. These relationships are well documented...

["Evolutionary Studies","Zoology","Anatomy and Physiology","Kinesiology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3008
176 downloads
585 views

Background Manual anthropometric measurements are time-consuming and challenging to perform within acceptable intra- and inter-individual error margins in large studies. Three-dimensional (3D) laser body scanners provide a fast and precise alternative: within a...

["Anthropology","Anatomy and Physiology","Epidemiology","Public Health","Radiology and Medical Imaging"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2980
100 downloads
377 views

Background Individuals with unilateral lower limb amputation have a high risk of developing knee osteoarthritis (OA) in their intact limb as they age. This risk may be related to joint loading experienced earlier in life. We hypothesized that loading during walking...

["Bioengineering","Anatomy and Physiology","Kinesiology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2960
99 downloads
550 views

The ostrich is a highly cursorial bipedal land animal with a permanently elevated metatarsophalangeal joint supported by only two toes. Although locomotor kinematics in walking and running ostriches have been examined, these studies have been largely limited to...

["Animal Behavior","Bioengineering","Anatomy and Physiology","Kinesiology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2857
5,490 downloads
39,100 views

The purpose of this study was to test the anabolic window theory by investigating muscle strength, hypertrophy, and body composition changes in response to an equal dose of protein consumed either immediately pre- versus post-resistance training (RT) in trained...

["Anatomy and Physiology","Kinesiology","Nutrition"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2825
166 downloads
625 views

Background Alterations in skeletal muscle function and architecture have been linked to the compromised exercise capacity characterizing chronic heart failure (CHF). However, how passive skeletal muscle force is affected in CHF is not clear. Understanding passive...

["Bioengineering","Computational Biology","Anatomy and Physiology","Cardiology","Kinesiology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2447
1 citation
232 downloads
919 views

Background Measurement of lumbar spine range of motion (ROM) is often considered to be an essential component of lumbar spine physiotherapy and orthopedic assessment. The measurement can be carried out through various instruments such as inclinometers, goniometers,...

["Anatomy and Physiology","Kinesiology","Orthopedics"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2355
1,042 downloads
7,599 views

The modified Thomas test was developed to assess the presence of hip flexion contracture and to measure hip extensibility. Despite its widespread use, to the authors’ knowledge, its criterion reference validity has not yet been investigated. The purpose of this...

["Anatomy and Physiology","Kinesiology","Orthopedics"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2325
1 citation
116 downloads
932 views

Background. Mammalian hibernation in thirteen-lined ground squirrels (Ictidomys tridecemlineatus) is characterized by dramatic changes on a physiological and molecular level. During hibernation, mammalian hearts show a propensity to hypertrophy due to the need...

["Biochemistry","Molecular Biology","Anatomy and Physiology","Cardiology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2317
164 downloads
703 views

To date, most studies use surface electromyographic (sEMG) signals as the control source on active rehabilitation robots, and unilateral data are collected based on the gait symmetry hypothesis, which has caused much controversy. The purpose of this study is to...

["Bioengineering","Computational Biology","Anatomy and Physiology","Kinesiology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2315
101 downloads
465 views

Background. A “cafeteria” diet is a self-selected high-fat diet, providing an excess of energy, which can induce obesity. Excess of lipids in the diet hampers glucose utilization eliciting insulin resistance, which, further limits amino acid oxidation for energy....

["Anatomy and Physiology","Diabetes and Endocrinology","Hematology","Nutrition","Metabolic Sciences"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2302
330 downloads
1,365 views

Background. Muscles not only shorten during contraction to perform mechanical work, but they also bulge radially because of the isovolumetric constraint on muscle fibres. Muscle bulging may have important implications for muscle performance, however quantifying...

["Bioengineering","Anatomy and Physiology","Kinesiology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2260
1 citation
420 downloads
1,992 views

The evolution of the modern human (Homo sapiens) cranium is characterized by a reduction in the size of the feeding system, including reductions in the size of the facial skeleton, postcanine teeth, and the muscles involved in biting and chewing. The conventional...

["Anthropology","Computational Biology","Evolutionary Studies","Anatomy and Physiology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2242

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