Peer-reviewed Articles - Medicine

30 downloads
111 views

Background Adnexal torsion is a gynecologic emergency that requires surgical treatment. In this study, we reviewed the surgical outcomes of women with adnexal torsion in eastern Taiwan (Hualien county, area 4,629 km2, 330,000 residents). Methods This retrospective...

["Evidence Based Medicine","Gynecology and Obstetrics","Surgery and Surgical Specialties","Women\u2019s Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5995
42 downloads
169 views

Background Development of incisional complications following ventral median celiotomy might depend on suture pattern for skin closure. Methods In this prospective study, 21 healthy male horses underwent celiotomy. Skin closure was either performed via a continuous...

["Veterinary Medicine","Surgery and Surgical Specialties"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5772
51 downloads
204 views

Background Surgical site infections (SSIs) are a common complication following breast surgery procedures, despite being considered a clean surgery. The prevalence of SSIs can be minimised with the appropriate use of antibiotic prophylaxis as outlined in the Australian...

["Evidence Based Medicine","Infectious Diseases","Internal Medicine","Public Health","Surgery and Surgical Specialties"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5724
57 downloads
213 views

Objective To investigate the interaction of non-coding RNAs (ncRNAs) in hepatocellular carcinoma. Methods We compared the ncRNAs and mRNAs expression profiles of hepatocellular carcinoma and adjacent tissue by microarray and RT-PCR. The relationship between different...

["Gastroenterology and Hepatology","Oncology","Surgery and Surgical Specialties"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5787
1 citation
161 downloads
1,605 views

Introduction Cigarette smoking by surgical patients is associated with increased complications. E-cigarettes have emerged as a potential smoking cessation tool. We sought to determine the feasibility and acceptability of e-cigarettes, compared to nicotine patch,...

["Anesthesiology and Pain Management","Clinical Trials","Public Health","Respiratory Medicine","Surgery and Surgical Specialties"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5609
84 downloads
303 views

Purpose Most studies on neuroblastoma (NB) have been conducted in Western countries or Japan. The objective of our study was to analyze clinical and pathological features, MYCN status, surgical methods, and prognosis in Chinese NB patients. Methods A retrospective,...

["Oncology","Pediatrics","Surgery and Surgical Specialties"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5665
94 downloads
383 views

Background Intra-abdominal adhesions develop after nearly every abdominal surgery, commonly causing female infertility, chronic pelvic pain, and small bowel obstruction. Pentoxifylline (PTX) is a methylxanthine compound with immunomodulatory and antifibrotic properties....

["Drugs and Devices","Gastroenterology and Hepatology","Surgery and Surgical Specialties"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5434
140 downloads
366 views

Purpose This study aims to assess the microbiological profile, antimicrobial susceptibility and adequacy of intravenous ceftriaxone and metronidazole as empirical therapy for surgical patients presenting with complicated intra-abdominal infection. Methods This...

["Epidemiology","Infectious Diseases","Surgery and Surgical Specialties"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5383
132 downloads
565 views

Background Angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors (ACEi) and angiotensin receptor blockers (ARB) are the most commonly prescribed antihypertensive medications in higher-risk surgical patients. However, there is no clinical consensus on their use in the perioperative...

["Anesthesiology and Pain Management","Surgery and Surgical Specialties","Ethical Issues"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5061
1 citation
105 downloads
321 views

Introduction Chronic total occlusion (CTO) is common in the presence of other significantly narrowed coronary arteries. The impact of total occlusion and its association with completeness of revascularization on patients with multivessel disease undergoing coronary...

["Cardiology","Surgery and Surgical Specialties"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4909
1 citation
106 downloads
468 views

Background Fetuin-A and leukocyte cell-derived chemotaxin-2 (LECT-2) are liver-derived proteins. Fetuin-A is an independent risk factor for type 2 diabetes (T2D) and obese patients with T2D have higher plasma fetuin-A levels than those without T2D. LECT-2 has positive...

["Gastroenterology and Hepatology","Nutrition","Surgery and Surgical Specialties","Metabolic Sciences"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4884
93 downloads
528 views

Background Minimally invasive mitral valve surgery (MVS) via right mini-thoracotomy has recently attracted a lot of attention. Minimally invasive MVS shows postoperative results that are comparable to those of conventional MVS through the median sternotomy as per...

["Cardiology","Surgery and Surgical Specialties"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4810
3 citations
190 downloads
1,616 views

Background Total arterial occlusive pressure (AOP) is used to prescribe pressures for surgery, blood flow restriction exercise (BFRE) and ischemic preconditioning (IPC). AOP is often measured in a supine position; however, the influence of body position on AOP...

["Anatomy and Physiology","Kinesiology","Surgery and Surgical Specialties"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4697
1 citation
154 downloads
1,257 views

Background Poor nutritional status among patients with advanced stage head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) is common. Albumin is a common indicator of nutritional status and has been shown to be a predictor of oncological outcomes and perioperative morbidity....

["Oncology","Otorhinolaryngology","Surgery and Surgical Specialties"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4490
156 downloads
1,130 views

Objectives To assess and compare the predictive ability of three risk evaluation systems (SinoSCORE, EuroSCORE II and the STS risk evaluation system) in patients aged ≥70, and who underwent coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) in East China. Methods Three risk...

["Cardiology","Surgery and Surgical Specialties"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4413

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