Peer-reviewed Articles - Medicine

50 downloads
176 views

Purpose Most studies on neuroblastoma (NB) have been conducted in Western countries or Japan. The objective of our study was to analyze clinical and pathological features, MYCN status, surgical methods, and prognosis in Chinese NB patients. Methods A retrospective,...

["Oncology","Pediatrics","Surgery and Surgical Specialties"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5665
61 downloads
233 views

Background Intra-abdominal adhesions develop after nearly every abdominal surgery, commonly causing female infertility, chronic pelvic pain, and small bowel obstruction. Pentoxifylline (PTX) is a methylxanthine compound with immunomodulatory and antifibrotic properties....

["Drugs and Devices","Gastroenterology and Hepatology","Surgery and Surgical Specialties"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5434
65 downloads
237 views

Purpose This study aims to assess the microbiological profile, antimicrobial susceptibility and adequacy of intravenous ceftriaxone and metronidazole as empirical therapy for surgical patients presenting with complicated intra-abdominal infection. Methods This...

["Epidemiology","Infectious Diseases","Surgery and Surgical Specialties"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5383
83 downloads
466 views

Background Angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors (ACEi) and angiotensin receptor blockers (ARB) are the most commonly prescribed antihypertensive medications in higher-risk surgical patients. However, there is no clinical consensus on their use in the perioperative...

["Anesthesiology and Pain Management","Surgery and Surgical Specialties","Ethical Issues"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5061
72 downloads
263 views

Introduction Chronic total occlusion (CTO) is common in the presence of other significantly narrowed coronary arteries. The impact of total occlusion and its association with completeness of revascularization on patients with multivessel disease undergoing coronary...

["Cardiology","Surgery and Surgical Specialties"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4909
1 citation
87 downloads
391 views

Background Fetuin-A and leukocyte cell-derived chemotaxin-2 (LECT-2) are liver-derived proteins. Fetuin-A is an independent risk factor for type 2 diabetes (T2D) and obese patients with T2D have higher plasma fetuin-A levels than those without T2D. LECT-2 has positive...

["Gastroenterology and Hepatology","Nutrition","Surgery and Surgical Specialties","Metabolic Sciences"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4884
67 downloads
418 views

Background Minimally invasive mitral valve surgery (MVS) via right mini-thoracotomy has recently attracted a lot of attention. Minimally invasive MVS shows postoperative results that are comparable to those of conventional MVS through the median sternotomy as per...

["Cardiology","Surgery and Surgical Specialties"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4810
1 citation
145 downloads
1,534 views

Background Total arterial occlusive pressure (AOP) is used to prescribe pressures for surgery, blood flow restriction exercise (BFRE) and ischemic preconditioning (IPC). AOP is often measured in a supine position; however, the influence of body position on AOP...

["Anatomy and Physiology","Kinesiology","Surgery and Surgical Specialties"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4697
1 citation
124 downloads
1,168 views

Background Poor nutritional status among patients with advanced stage head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) is common. Albumin is a common indicator of nutritional status and has been shown to be a predictor of oncological outcomes and perioperative morbidity....

["Oncology","Otorhinolaryngology","Surgery and Surgical Specialties"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4490
133 downloads
1,059 views

Objectives To assess and compare the predictive ability of three risk evaluation systems (SinoSCORE, EuroSCORE II and the STS risk evaluation system) in patients aged ≥70, and who underwent coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) in East China. Methods Three risk...

["Cardiology","Surgery and Surgical Specialties"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4413
685 downloads
8,735 views

Background Impaired patient-reported shoulder function and pain, external-rotation strength, abduction strength, and abduction range-of-motion (ROM) is reported in patients with subacromial impingement (SIS). However, it is unknown how much strength and ROM improves...

["Evidence Based Medicine","Kinesiology","Orthopedics","Surgery and Surgical Specialties"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4400
169 downloads
674 views

Background Cervical sagittal alignment plays an important role in the pathogenesis of cervical spondylotic myelopathy (CSM), but there are limited studies on the cervical sagittal parameters in CSM patients and their correlations with myelopathy. The aim of this...

["Orthopedics","Radiology and Medical Imaging","Surgery and Surgical Specialties"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4027
148 downloads
605 views

Objective The objective of this study was to explore the differences in upper airway morphology between positional (POSA) and non-positional (NPOSA) obstructive sleep apnea. Methods This retrospective study enrolled 75 patients (45 NPOSA and 30 POSA) who underwent...

["Otorhinolaryngology","Surgery and Surgical Specialties"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3918
229 downloads
853 views

Background Local residual and recurrent nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) generally shows treatment failure after standard radiotherapy with or without concurrent chemotherapy. Whether endoscopic nasopharyngectomy might provide an additional therapeutic advantage...

["Oncology","Otorhinolaryngology","Surgery and Surgical Specialties"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3912
158 downloads
982 views

Background Recently it has been shown in animal studies that deep brain stimulation (DBS) of auditory structures was able to reduce tinnitus-like behavior. However, the question arises whether hearing might be impaired when interfering in auditory-related network...

["Neurology","Otorhinolaryngology","Surgery and Surgical Specialties"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3892

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