Peer-reviewed Articles - Medicine

125 downloads
568 views

Background Little is known about how to achieve enduring improvements in physical activity (PA), sedentary behaviour (SB) and sleep for people with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). This study aimed to: (1) identify what people with COPD from South...

["Kinesiology","Nursing","Public Health","Respiratory Medicine"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4604
1 citation
145 downloads
474 views

Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) is a highly heterogeneous syndrome that can exhibit significant differences in the underlying causes, leading to different responses to treatment. It is required to identify subtypes of ARDS to guideline clinical treatment...

["Clinical Trials","Emergency and Critical Care","Respiratory Medicine"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4592
116 downloads
421 views

Background Acute respiratory failure (ARF) is a life-threatening complication in patients with community acquired pneumonia (CAP). The use of non-invasive ventilation is controversial. With this prospective, observational study we aimed to describe a protocol to...

["Evidence Based Medicine","Global Health","Infectious Diseases","Public Health","Respiratory Medicine"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4211
137 downloads
578 views

Objective To investigate the risk factors for osteoporosis in male Taiwanese patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Methods This cross-sectional study evaluated male COPD outpatients and age-matched male subjects at a regional teaching hospital....

["Geriatrics","Internal Medicine","Nutrition","Respiratory Medicine","Metabolic Sciences"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4232
1 citation
115 downloads
504 views

Muscle mass loss and wasting are characteristic features of patients with chronic conditions including cancer. Therapeutic options are still scarce. We hypothesized that cachexia-induced muscle oxidative stress may be attenuated in response to treatment with beta2-adrenoceptor-selective...

["Respiratory Medicine","Metabolic Sciences"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4109
2 citations
126 downloads
617 views

Objectives Practitioners of mindfulness are reported to have greater cognitive control especially in conflict monitoring, response inhibition and sustained attention. However, due to the various existing methods in each mindfulness practices and also, the high...

["Neuroscience","Respiratory Medicine","Computational Science"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3857
3 citations
152 downloads
732 views

Background Little is known about the role of dietary intake in obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), which could prove important in improving clinical outcomes for people with obesity and/or cardiovascular disease within these populations. Reduction in energy intake typically...

["Epidemiology","Evidence Based Medicine","Nutrition","Respiratory Medicine","Metabolic Sciences"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3259
143 downloads
632 views

Background Previous studies have demonstrated the importance of DNA extraction methods for molecular detection of Staphylococcus, an important bacterial group in cystic fibrosis (CF). We sought to evaluate the effect of enzymatic digestion (EnzD) prior to DNA extraction...

["Microbiology","Respiratory Medicine"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3362
2 citations
281 downloads
848 views

Background Molecularly targeted therapies improved survival status of some patients with lung adenocarcinoma, which accounts for 40% of all lung cancers, and in-depth study of gene alterations is important for the personalized treatment. Methods The legacy archive...

["Genetics","Oncology","Respiratory Medicine","Medical Genetics"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3216
273 downloads
1,478 views

Obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) is a common clinical condition. The way that OSAS risk factors associate and converge is not a random process. As such, defining OSAS phenotypes fosters personalized patient management and population screening. In this paper,...

["Bioinformatics","Computational Biology","Health Policy","Respiratory Medicine","Computational Science"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3289
2 citations
143 downloads
902 views

Interstitial lung disease (ILD) is a severe extra-articular manifestation of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) that is well-defined as a chronic systemic autoimmune disease. A proportion of patients with RA-associated ILD (RA-ILD) develop pulmonary fibrosis (PF), resulting...

["Immunology","Respiratory Medicine","Rheumatology","Statistics"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3021
2 citations
149 downloads
688 views

Tuberculosis is considered a leading cause of death worldwide. More than 95% of cases and deaths occur in low- and middle-income countries. In resource-limited countries, hospitals often lack adequate facilities to manage and isolate patients with infectious tuberculosis...

["Microbiology","Infectious Diseases","Public Health","Respiratory Medicine"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2795
2 citations
158 downloads
808 views

Introduction One-year mortality in COPD patients is reported to be between 4% and 43%, depending on the group examined. Aim To examine the one-year mortality in COPD patients after severe exacerbation and the correlation between mortality and patients’ characteristics...

["Epidemiology","Internal Medicine","Respiratory Medicine"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2788
2 citations
189 downloads
967 views

Background Acute lung injury and acute respiratory distress syndrome (ALI/ARDS) is a severe clinical syndrome with mortality rate as high as 30–40%. There is no treatment yet to improve pulmonary endothelial barrier function in patients with severe pulmonary edema....

["Cell Biology","Pharmacology","Respiratory Medicine"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2712
2 citations
165 downloads
894 views

Background The aim of this study was to determine the expression stabilities of 12 common internal reference genes for the relative quantitation analysis of target gene expression performed by reverse transcription real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction...

["Oncology","Respiratory Medicine"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2763

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