Peer-reviewed Articles - Medicine

106 downloads
422 views

Background Cystic fibrosis (CF) is a disease characterized by chronic airway infection with a high incidence and poor prognosis. Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Aspergillus fumigatus are pathogens commonly found in CF patients. Clinically, these two microorganisms often...

["Microbiology","Infectious Diseases","Internal Medicine","Respiratory Medicine","Science and Medical Education"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5931
86 downloads
377 views

Background Severe equine asthma is a chronic inflammatory disease of the lung in horses similar to low-Th2 late-onset asthma in humans. This study aimed to determine the utility of RNA-Seq to call gene sequence variants, and to identify sequence variants of potential...

["Genetics","Veterinary Medicine","Allergy and Clinical Immunology","Respiratory Medicine"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5759
1 citation
184 downloads
1,698 views

Introduction Cigarette smoking by surgical patients is associated with increased complications. E-cigarettes have emerged as a potential smoking cessation tool. We sought to determine the feasibility and acceptability of e-cigarettes, compared to nicotine patch,...

["Anesthesiology and Pain Management","Clinical Trials","Public Health","Respiratory Medicine","Surgery and Surgical Specialties"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5609
99 downloads
457 views

Objective To systematically review the evidence around the effect of ambient levels of particulate and gaseous pollutants, and the risk of hospitalisation with bronchiolitis for infants under two years of age. Design Systematic review of observational epidemiological...

["Global Health","Pediatrics","Respiratory Medicine"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5352
91 downloads
471 views

Background The norms for evaluating the maximum expiratory flow (MEF) usually are developed according to chronological age and height. However, to date, little research has been conducted using reference values that take into account the temporal changes of biological...

["Epidemiology","Global Health","Pediatrics","Public Health","Respiratory Medicine"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5157
3 citations
207 downloads
974 views

Background Little is known about how to achieve enduring improvements in physical activity (PA), sedentary behaviour (SB) and sleep for people with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). This study aimed to: (1) identify what people with COPD from South...

["Kinesiology","Nursing","Public Health","Respiratory Medicine"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4604
1 citation
296 downloads
840 views

Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) is a highly heterogeneous syndrome that can exhibit significant differences in the underlying causes, leading to different responses to treatment. It is required to identify subtypes of ARDS to guideline clinical treatment...

["Clinical Trials","Emergency and Critical Care","Respiratory Medicine"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4592
205 downloads
754 views

Background Acute respiratory failure (ARF) is a life-threatening complication in patients with community acquired pneumonia (CAP). The use of non-invasive ventilation is controversial. With this prospective, observational study we aimed to describe a protocol to...

["Evidence Based Medicine","Global Health","Infectious Diseases","Public Health","Respiratory Medicine"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4211
1 citation
206 downloads
991 views

Objective To investigate the risk factors for osteoporosis in male Taiwanese patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Methods This cross-sectional study evaluated male COPD outpatients and age-matched male subjects at a regional teaching hospital....

["Geriatrics","Internal Medicine","Nutrition","Respiratory Medicine","Metabolic Sciences"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4232
3 citations
179 downloads
815 views

Muscle mass loss and wasting are characteristic features of patients with chronic conditions including cancer. Therapeutic options are still scarce. We hypothesized that cachexia-induced muscle oxidative stress may be attenuated in response to treatment with beta2-adrenoceptor-selective...

["Respiratory Medicine","Metabolic Sciences"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4109
3 citations
174 downloads
993 views

Objectives Practitioners of mindfulness are reported to have greater cognitive control especially in conflict monitoring, response inhibition and sustained attention. However, due to the various existing methods in each mindfulness practices and also, the high...

["Neuroscience","Respiratory Medicine","Computational Science"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3857
5 citations
196 downloads
1,025 views

Background Little is known about the role of dietary intake in obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), which could prove important in improving clinical outcomes for people with obesity and/or cardiovascular disease within these populations. Reduction in energy intake typically...

["Epidemiology","Evidence Based Medicine","Nutrition","Respiratory Medicine","Metabolic Sciences"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3259
1 citation
185 downloads
828 views

Background Previous studies have demonstrated the importance of DNA extraction methods for molecular detection of Staphylococcus, an important bacterial group in cystic fibrosis (CF). We sought to evaluate the effect of enzymatic digestion (EnzD) prior to DNA extraction...

["Microbiology","Respiratory Medicine"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3362
3 citations
425 downloads
1,198 views

Background Molecularly targeted therapies improved survival status of some patients with lung adenocarcinoma, which accounts for 40% of all lung cancers, and in-depth study of gene alterations is important for the personalized treatment. Methods The legacy archive...

["Genetics","Oncology","Respiratory Medicine","Medical Genetics"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3216

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