Peer-reviewed Articles - Medicine

42 downloads
429 views

Background Autonomic dysfunction (AD) is one of the non-motor features of Parkinson’s disease (PD). Some symptoms tend to occur in the early stages of PD. AD also has a great impact on patient’s quality of life. In this study, we aimed to discover the association...

["Neurology","Radiology and Medical Imaging"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5539
26 downloads
115 views

Background and Aims To prospectively evaluate the effects of antiviral therapy on liver hemodynamics in patients with hepatitis B cirrhosis. Methods Seventy consecutive eligible HBV-related cirrhotic inpatients were enrolled in the prospective study. Fifty-two...

["Gastroenterology and Hepatology","Radiology and Medical Imaging"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5484
83 downloads
591 views

Background Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) is a popular method for examining pharmacological effects on the brain; however, the BOLD response is dependent on intact neurovascular coupling, and potentially modulated by a number of physiological factors....

["Neuroscience","Radiology and Medical Imaging"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5540
55 downloads
432 views

Cortical morphology is known to differ with age, as measured by cortical thickness, fractal dimensionality, and gyrification. However, head motion during MRI scanning has been shown to influence estimates of cortical thickness as well as increase with age. Studies...

["Neuroscience","Radiology and Medical Imaging","Computational Science"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5176
106 downloads
840 views

The human Achilles tendon (AT) consists of sub-tendons arising from the gastrocnemius and soleus muscles that exhibit non-uniform tissue displacements thought to facilitate some independent actuation. However, the mechanisms governing non-uniform displacement patterns...

["Bioengineering","Anatomy and Physiology","Kinesiology","Radiology and Medical Imaging"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5182
102 downloads
525 views

Obesity is one of the most challenging problems in human health and is recognized as an important risk factor for many chronic diseases. It remains unclear how the neural systems (e.g., the mesolimbic “reward” and the prefrontal “control” neural systems) are correlated...

["Neuroscience","Nutrition","Radiology and Medical Imaging"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5002
65 downloads
401 views

Introduction Ureteropelvic junction obstruction (UPJO) is a common congenital anomaly leading to varying degrees of hydronephrosis (HN), ranging from no apparent effect on the renal function to atrophy. Evaluation of these children is based on Diuretic Renal Scintigraphy...

["Nephrology","Pediatrics","Radiology and Medical Imaging","Urology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4791
1 citation
466 downloads
3,173 views

Background Most data on the architecture of the human soleus muscle have been obtained from cadaveric dissection or two-dimensional ultrasound imaging. We present the first comprehensive, quantitative study on the three-dimensional anatomy of the human soleus muscle...

["Anatomy and Physiology","Kinesiology","Radiology and Medical Imaging"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4610
85 downloads
470 views

Background The diagnosis of congenital heart defects is challenging, especially for what concerns conotruncal anomalies. Indeed, although the screening techniques of fetal cardiac anomalies have greatly improved, the detection rate of conotruncal anomalies still...

["Gynecology and Obstetrics","Radiology and Medical Imaging"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4561
116 downloads
834 views

Identifying the separate parts in ultrasound images such as bone and skin plays a crucial role in the synovitis detection task. This paper presents a detector of bone and skin regions in the form of a classifier which is trained on a set of annotated images. Selected...

["Orthopedics","Radiology and Medical Imaging","Rheumatology","Human\u2013Computer Interaction","Computational Science"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4411
217 downloads
966 views

Long-distance running competitions impose a large amount of mechanical loading and strain leading to muscle edema and delayed onset muscle soreness (DOMS). Damage to various muscle fibers, metabolic impairments and fatigue have been linked to explain how DOMS impairs...

["Kinesiology","Orthopedics","Radiology and Medical Imaging"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4469
1,714 downloads
6,806 views

Background Low back pain clinical practice guidelines consistently recommend against the routine ordering of spinal imaging; however, imaging is frequently requested in primary care, without evidence of benefit. Imaging reports frequently identify degenerative...

["Evidence Based Medicine","Orthopedics","Radiology and Medical Imaging","Rheumatology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4151
1 citation
250 downloads
1,667 views

In this paper, we have presented a microwave scattering analysis from multiple human head models. This study incorporates different levels of detail in the human head models and its effect on microwave scattering phenomenon. Two levels of detail are taken into...

["Bioengineering","Biophysics","Radiology and Medical Imaging","Computational Science"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4061
169 downloads
673 views

Background Cervical sagittal alignment plays an important role in the pathogenesis of cervical spondylotic myelopathy (CSM), but there are limited studies on the cervical sagittal parameters in CSM patients and their correlations with myelopathy. The aim of this...

["Orthopedics","Radiology and Medical Imaging","Surgery and Surgical Specialties"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4027
2 citations
318 downloads
1,912 views

Language lateralisation refers to the phenomenon in which one hemisphere (typically the left) shows greater involvement in language functions than the other. Measurement of laterality is of interest both to researchers investigating the neural organisation of the...

["Neuroscience","Neurology","Psychiatry and Psychology","Radiology and Medical Imaging"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3929

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