Peer-reviewed Articles - Medicine

7 downloads
42 views

Background Since the introduction of nickel–titanium (Ni–Ti) instruments to dentistry, a wide variety of Ni–Ti instruments have become commercially available. These Ni–Ti instruments are expensive, which limits their usage in developing countries and forces practitioners...

["Dentistry","Radiology and Medical Imaging"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.6109
46 downloads
287 views

Multimodal imaging enables sensitive measures of the architecture and integrity of the human brain, but the high-dimensional nature of advanced brain imaging features poses inherent challenges for the analyses and interpretations. Multivariate age prediction reduces...

["Neuroscience","Psychiatry and Psychology","Radiology and Medical Imaging","Data Science"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5908
76 downloads
368 views

Background Grading of gliomas is critical information related to prognosis and survival. We aimed to apply a radiomics approach using various machine learning classifiers to determine the glioma grading. Methods We considered 285 (high grade n = 210, low grade...

["Radiology and Medical Imaging"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5982
40 downloads
357 views

Segmentation of the retinal blood vessels using filtering techniques is a widely used step in the development of an automated system for diagnostic retinal image analysis. This paper optimized the blood vessel segmentation, by extending the trainable B-COSFIRE...

["Ophthalmology","Radiology and Medical Imaging","Human-Computer Interaction","Computational Science"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5855
1,254 downloads
269 views

Background Material presented at conferences is meant to provide exposure to ongoing research that could affect medical decision making based on future outcomes. It is important then to evaluate the rates of publication from conference presentations as a measure...

["Radiology and Medical Imaging","Science and Medical Education","Statistics","Computational Science"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5817
1 citation
81 downloads
620 views

Background Autonomic dysfunction (AD) is one of the non-motor features of Parkinson’s disease (PD). Some symptoms tend to occur in the early stages of PD. AD also has a great impact on patient’s quality of life. In this study, we aimed to discover the association...

["Neurology","Radiology and Medical Imaging"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5539
46 downloads
204 views

Background and Aims To prospectively evaluate the effects of antiviral therapy on liver hemodynamics in patients with hepatitis B cirrhosis. Methods Seventy consecutive eligible HBV-related cirrhotic inpatients were enrolled in the prospective study. Fifty-two...

["Gastroenterology and Hepatology","Radiology and Medical Imaging"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5484
127 downloads
851 views

Background Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) is a popular method for examining pharmacological effects on the brain; however, the BOLD response is dependent on intact neurovascular coupling, and potentially modulated by a number of physiological factors....

["Neuroscience","Radiology and Medical Imaging"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5540
75 downloads
546 views

Cortical morphology is known to differ with age, as measured by cortical thickness, fractal dimensionality, and gyrification. However, head motion during MRI scanning has been shown to influence estimates of cortical thickness as well as increase with age. Studies...

["Neuroscience","Radiology and Medical Imaging","Computational Science"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5176
140 downloads
963 views

The human Achilles tendon (AT) consists of sub-tendons arising from the gastrocnemius and soleus muscles that exhibit non-uniform tissue displacements thought to facilitate some independent actuation. However, the mechanisms governing non-uniform displacement patterns...

["Bioengineering","Anatomy and Physiology","Kinesiology","Radiology and Medical Imaging"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5182
148 downloads
628 views

Obesity is one of the most challenging problems in human health and is recognized as an important risk factor for many chronic diseases. It remains unclear how the neural systems (e.g., the mesolimbic “reward” and the prefrontal “control” neural systems) are correlated...

["Neuroscience","Nutrition","Radiology and Medical Imaging"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5002
102 downloads
491 views

Introduction Ureteropelvic junction obstruction (UPJO) is a common congenital anomaly leading to varying degrees of hydronephrosis (HN), ranging from no apparent effect on the renal function to atrophy. Evaluation of these children is based on Diuretic Renal Scintigraphy...

["Nephrology","Pediatrics","Radiology and Medical Imaging","Urology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4791
2 citations
591 downloads
3,528 views

Background Most data on the architecture of the human soleus muscle have been obtained from cadaveric dissection or two-dimensional ultrasound imaging. We present the first comprehensive, quantitative study on the three-dimensional anatomy of the human soleus muscle...

["Anatomy and Physiology","Kinesiology","Radiology and Medical Imaging"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4610
108 downloads
532 views

Background The diagnosis of congenital heart defects is challenging, especially for what concerns conotruncal anomalies. Indeed, although the screening techniques of fetal cardiac anomalies have greatly improved, the detection rate of conotruncal anomalies still...

["Gynecology and Obstetrics","Radiology and Medical Imaging"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4561
1 citation
151 downloads
890 views

Identifying the separate parts in ultrasound images such as bone and skin plays a crucial role in the synovitis detection task. This paper presents a detector of bone and skin regions in the form of a classifier which is trained on a set of annotated images. Selected...

["Orthopedics","Radiology and Medical Imaging","Rheumatology","Human\u2013Computer Interaction","Computational Science"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4411

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