Peer-reviewed Articles - Medicine

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Background Medical decision-making is difficult when information is limited due to its rareness. For example, there are two treatment options for patients affected by a rare disease with high lethality. The information about both treatment effects is unavailable...

["Bioinformatics","Clinical Trials","Public Health","Ethical Issues","Statistics"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5677
43 downloads
1,049 views

We comment on Eichstaedt et al.’s (2015a) claim to have shown that language patterns among Twitter users, aggregated at the level of US counties, predicted county-level mortality rates from atherosclerotic heart disease (AHD), with “negative” language being associated...

["Epidemiology","Health Policy","Psychiatry and Psychology","Public Health","Statistics"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5656
32 downloads
493 views

Objectives The five-year survival rate of head and neck cancer (HNC) after radiotherapy (RT) varies widely from 35% to 89%. Many studies have addressed the effect of socioeconomic status and urban dwelling on the survival of HNC, but a limited number of studies...

["Dentistry","Oncology","Otorhinolaryngology","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5591
45 downloads
211 views

Background The leading cause of surface water impairment in United States’ rivers and streams is pathogen contamination. Although use of fecal indicators has reduced human health risk, current approaches to identify and reduce exposure can be improved. One important...

["Microbiology","Public Health","Computational Science","Data Mining and Machine Learning","Spatial and Geographic Information Science"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5610
44 downloads
406 views

Background Undisputedly, traffic crashes constitute a public health concern whose impact and importance have been increasing during the past few decades. Specifically, road safety data have systematically shown how cyclists are highly vulnerable to suffering traffic...

["Global Health","Psychiatry and Psychology","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5616
36 downloads
242 views

Background Nut consumption at the population level remains low despite the well-documented benefits of their consumption, including their cardioprotective effects. Studies have suggested that advice from health professionals may be a means to increase nut consumption...

["Allergy and Clinical Immunology","Nutrition","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5500
44 downloads
254 views

Introduction Burnout is defined as a prolonged state of physical and psychological exhaustion. Doctors, due to the demanding nature of their job, are susceptible to facing burnout, which has far reaching implications on their productivity and motivation. It affects...

["Psychiatry and Psychology","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5519
116 downloads
644 views

Background Avian influenza viruses (AIVs) have been endemic in Egypt since 2006, and the co-circulation of high-pathogenic avian influenza H5N1 and low-pathogenic avian influenza H9N2 subtypes in poultry has been reported; therefore, Egypt is considered a hotspot...

["Veterinary Medicine","Virology","Epidemiology","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5473
77 downloads
318 views

Background Metabolic syndrome (MS) is a construct used to separate “healthy” from “unhealthy” obese patients, and is a major risk factor for type 2 diabetes (T2D) and cardiovascular disease. There is controversy over whether obese “metabolically well” persons have...

["Nutrition","Public Health","Medical Genetics","Metabolic Sciences"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5410
49 downloads
596 views

Background The World Health Organization (WHO) declares Chikungunya (CHIK) infection to be endemic in South Asia. Despite its first outbreak in Pakistan, no documented evidence exists which reveals the knowledge or awareness of healthcare students and workers (HCSW)...

["Infectious Diseases","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5481
74 downloads
347 views

Background The aim of the study was to assess the effects of walking on the blood pressure in sedentary adults with differing degrees of systolic blood pressure (SBP). Methods A total of 529 subjects with SBP above 120 mmHg were enrolled. Blood pressure, body weight,...

["Cardiology","Internal Medicine","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5471
1 citation
39 downloads
614 views

Objective To systematically review the literature and describe the discrepancies in achieving the 2009 Institute of Medicine (IOM) gestational weight gain (GWG) guidelines across cultures. Methods Ten databases were searched from inception to April 2018. Observational...

["Global Health","Gynecology and Obstetrics","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5407
76 downloads
314 views

Background Extraintestinal pathogenic Escherichia coli (ExPEC) is an important bacterium and responsible for many bloodstream infections, including urinary tract infections and even fatal bacteremia. The aim of this research was to investigate whether ExPEC strains...

["Microbiology","Epidemiology","Infectious Diseases","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5470
77 downloads
252 views

Salmonella is one of the major foodborne pathogens worldwide. The antimicrobial resistance (AMR) of this foodborne pathogen has raised a great concern in recent years. Studies on the frequency and characterization of Salmonella serotypes can help to improve our...

["Microbiology","Epidemiology","Global Health","Infectious Diseases","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5482
51 downloads
395 views

The growth of migrant communities continues to rise globally, creating unique and complex health challenges. Literature on immigrant health in New Zealand (NZ) remains scant. This integrative literature review was conducted drawing on peer-reviewed research articles...

["Global Health","Health Policy","Infectious Diseases","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5184

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