Peer-reviewed Articles - Medicine

20 downloads
87 views

Background Excessive intake of sugar sweetened beverages (SSBs) is a preventable cause of death. While some countries have implemented a tax on SSBs, other countries, such as New Zealand, rely on industry self-regulation and individual responsibility, such as referring...

["Health Policy","Psychiatry and Psychology","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5821
38 downloads
254 views

The material-weight illusion (MWI) is one example in a class of weight perception illusions that seem to defy principled explanation. In this illusion, when an observer lifts two objects of the same size and mass, but that appear to be made of different materials,...

["Neuroscience","Psychiatry and Psychology","Computational Science"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5760
33 downloads
205 views

Past studies examining how people judge faces for trustworthiness and dominance have suggested that they use particular facial features (e.g. mouth features for trustworthiness, eyebrow and cheek features for dominance ratings) to complete the task. Here, we examine...

["Psychiatry and Psychology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5702
40 downloads
1,207 views

Background The Stroop test is frequently used to assess deficits in inhibitory control in people with multiple sclerosis (MS). This test has limitations and antisaccade eye movements, that also measure inhibitory control, may be an alternative to Stroop. Objectives...

["Cognitive Disorders","Neurology","Ophthalmology","Psychiatry and Psychology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5737
40 downloads
219 views

Background The Rivermead Post Concussion Symptoms Questionnaire (RPQ) is a widely-used, 16-item measure of concussion symptoms yet its ability to assess change in the symptom experience over time has come under criticism. We applied Generalisability theory to differentiate...

["Neurology","Psychiatry and Psychology","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5676
42 downloads
195 views

Recent research has shown that a brief, casual touch administered by an outgroup member reduces prejudice towards the group to which the toucher belongs. In this study, we take the research on physical contact and prejudice a step further by addressing the relation...

["Anthropology","Psychiatry and Psychology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5680
75 downloads
1,512 views

We comment on Eichstaedt et al.’s (2015a) claim to have shown that language patterns among Twitter users, aggregated at the level of US counties, predicted county-level mortality rates from atherosclerotic heart disease (AHD), with “negative” language being associated...

["Epidemiology","Health Policy","Psychiatry and Psychology","Public Health","Statistics"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5656
53 downloads
289 views

Dysfunction of the N-methyl-d-aspartate receptor (NMDAR) is thought to play a role in the pathophysiology of neurodevelopmental diseases like schizophrenia. To study the effects of NMDAR dysfunction on synaptic transmission and network oscillations, we used hippocampal...

["Bioengineering","Neuroscience","Cognitive Disorders","Psychiatry and Psychology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5543
61 downloads
588 views

Individuals with Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) are often characterized by deficits in working memory (WM), which manifest in academic, professional, and mental health difficulties. To better understand the underlying mechanisms of these presumed...

["Neuroscience","Cognitive Disorders","Psychiatry and Psychology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5601
62 downloads
441 views

Background Schizotypy is a set of personality traits that resemble the signs and symptoms of schizophrenia in the general population, and it is associated with various subclinical mental health problems, including sleep disturbances. Additionally, dimensions of...

["Cognitive Disorders","Global Health","Psychiatry and Psychology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5615
49 downloads
308 views

Background The Mini-IPIP scales (Donellan et al., 2006) are possibly one of the most commonly used short inventories for measuring the Big Five Factors of personality. In this study, we aimed to investigate the psychometric properties of two Mini-IPIP Spanish short...

["Psychiatry and Psychology","Statistics"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5542
75 downloads
508 views

Background Undisputedly, traffic crashes constitute a public health concern whose impact and importance have been increasing during the past few decades. Specifically, road safety data have systematically shown how cyclists are highly vulnerable to suffering traffic...

["Global Health","Psychiatry and Psychology","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5616
89 downloads
659 views

Most researchers do not deliberately claim causal results in an observational study. But do we lead our readers to draw a causal conclusion unintentionally by explaining why significant correlations and relationships may exist? Here we perform a randomized controlled...

["Psychiatry and Psychology","Science and Medical Education","Statistics"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5597
34 downloads
206 views

One purpose of wikis is the collaborative generation of content. During creation processes, controversies between authors emerge that they discuss on the article’s talk page. Research suggests that controversies based on opposing points of view and contradictory...

["Psychiatry and Psychology","Human-Computer Interaction","Computational Science"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5541
74 downloads
426 views

Digitalization of work processes is advancing, and this is increasingly supported by complex information systems (IS). However, whether such systems are used by employees largely depends on users’ trust in these IS. Because there are few systematic studies on this...

["Psychiatry and Psychology","Human-Computer Interaction"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5483

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