Peer-reviewed Articles - Medicine

35 downloads
516 views

Background When suffering from chronic pain, attempts to control or avoid pain often compete with other daily activities. Engaging in one activity excludes engaging in another, equally valued activity, which is referred to as “goal conflict.” As yet, the presence...

["Anesthesiology and Pain Management","Psychiatry and Psychology","Public Health","Translational Medicine"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5272
35 downloads
263 views

Social anxiety is commonly assessed with self-report measures. This study aimed to investigate whether maximum anxiety levels during in vivo and virtual reality behavioral assessment tasks (BATs), and implicit approach-avoidance tendencies during the approach-avoidance...

["Psychiatry and Psychology","Human-Computer Interaction"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5441
52 downloads
360 views

Background Autonomous sensory meridian response (ASMR) is a perceptual phenomenon in which specific audiovisual stimuli frequently elicit tingling sensations on the scalp and neck. These stimuli (“ASMR triggers”) are typically social in nature (e.g., watching someone...

["Neurology","Psychiatry and Psychology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5414
38 downloads
524 views

Background Autonomous Sensory Meridian Response (ASMR) is a sensory experience elicited by auditory and visual triggers, which so far received little attention from the scientific community. This self-reported phenomenon is described as a relaxing tingling sensation,...

["Psychiatry and Psychology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5351
33 downloads
236 views

Avoidance is a common feature of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) as well as anxiety and depressive disorders. Avoidance can be expressed behaviorally as well as cognitively. Most personality assessments for avoidance involve self-report inventories which...

["Neuroscience","Psychiatry and Psychology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5330
43 downloads
357 views

Previous studies on the genetic basis of creativity have mainly focused on the biological mechanisms of divergent thinking, possibly limiting the exploration of possible candidate genes. Taking a cognition-based perspective, the present study investigated the genetic...

["Genetics","Psychiatry and Psychology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5403
90 downloads
1,291 views

Autonomic nervous systems in the human body are named for their operation outside of conscious control. One rare exception is voluntarily generated piloerection (VGP)—the conscious ability to induce goosebumps—whose physiological study, to our knowledge, is confined...

["Anthropology","Evolutionary Studies","Anatomy and Physiology","Psychiatry and Psychology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5292
73 downloads
649 views

Background Emotion identification is a fundamental component of social cognition. Although it is well established that a general cognitive decline occurs with advancing age, the effects of age on emotion identification is still unclear. A meta-analysis by Ruffman...

["Developmental Biology","Neuroscience","Psychiatry and Psychology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5278
45 downloads
347 views

Background Criminal defendants may often exaggerate psychiatric symptoms either to appear non-accountable for their actions or to mitigate their imprisonment. Several psychometric tests have been proposed to detect malingering. These instruments are often validated...

["Neuroscience","Psychiatry and Psychology","Legal Issues"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5259
649 downloads
7,531 views

Background Experimental and clinical evidence support a link between body representations and pain. This proof-of-concept study in people with painful knee osteoarthritis (OA) aimed to determine if: (i) visuotactile illusions that manipulate perceived knee size...

["Neuroscience","Anesthesiology and Pain Management","Orthopedics","Psychiatry and Psychology","Rheumatology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5206
42 downloads
271 views

Background Depression is one of the most prevalent, yet unrecognized but treatable mental disorders in low and middle income countries (LMICs). In such locations, screening tools that are easy-to-administer, valid, and reliable are needed to assist in detecting...

["Global Health","Psychiatry and Psychology","Women\u2019s Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5185
58 downloads
313 views

Background Metacognitive beliefs have been proposed to play a key role in initiating and maintaining worry. The Why Worry-Scale-II (WW-II) and Consequences of Worry Scale (COWS) are self-report questionnaires assessing positive and negative metacognitive beliefs....

["Psychiatry and Psychology","Public Health","Statistics"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5177
52 downloads
228 views

Background A robust feature of sensorimotor synchronization (SMS) performance in finger tapping to an auditory pacing signal is the negative asynchrony of the tap with respect to the pacing signal. The Paillard–Fraisse hypothesis suggests that negative asynchrony...

["Cognitive Disorders","Psychiatry and Psychology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5242
176 downloads
2,430 views

Background Insomnia is common. However, no systematic reviews have examined the effect of exercise on patients with primary and secondary insomnia, defined as both sleep disruption and daytime impairment. This systematic review and meta-analysis aimed to examine...

["Epidemiology","Evidence Based Medicine","Psychiatry and Psychology","Statistics"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5172
99 downloads
478 views

Both motor imagery (MI) and action observation (AO) trigger the activation of the neurocognitive mechanisms that underlie the planning and execution of voluntary movements in a manner that resembles how the action is performed in a real way. The main objective...

["Anatomy and Physiology","Neurology","Psychiatry and Psychology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5142

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