Peer-reviewed Articles - Medicine

9 downloads
99 views

Academic burnout is prevalent among university students, although understanding of what predicts burnout is limited. This study aimed to test the direct and indirect relationship between two dimensions of perfectionism (Perfectionistic Concerns and Perfectionistic...

["Psychiatry and Psychology","Science and Medical Education"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5004
28 downloads
268 views

Background Infants and children travel using passports that are typically valid for five years (e.g. Canada, United Kingdom, United States and Australia). These individuals may also need to be identified using images taken from videos and other sources in forensic...

["Psychiatry and Psychology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5010
64 downloads
326 views

Background Existing definitions of happiness, subjective well-being, and quality of life suggest conceptual overlap between these constructs. This study explored the relationship between these well-being constructs by applying widely used measures with satisfactory...

["Global Health","Psychiatry and Psychology","Statistics"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4903
31 downloads
239 views

Life history theory has generated cogent, well-supported hypotheses about individual differences in human biodemographic traits (e.g., age at sexual maturity) and psychometric traits (e.g., conscientiousness), but little is known about how variation in life history...

["Psychiatry and Psychology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4866
59 downloads
220 views

Background Working memory, as a complex system, consists of two independent components: manipulation and maintenance process, which are defined as executive control and storage process. Previous studies mainly focused on the overall effect of transcranial direct...

["Psychiatry and Psychology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4906
53 downloads
247 views

When the task is reading nonwords aloud, skilled adult readers are very variable in the responses they produce: a nonword can evoke as many as 24 different responses in a group of such readers. Why is nonword reading so variable? We analysed a large database of...

["Cognitive Disorders","Psychiatry and Psychology","Computational Science"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4879
54 downloads
280 views

Background For the diagnosis of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5) proposes that adherence to six symptoms in either group (inattention and hyperactivity/impulsivity) will lead to the...

["Psychiatry and Psychology","Statistics"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4820
56 downloads
327 views

Introduction The long-term use of benzodiazepines (BZD) and z-drugs in older populations is associated with a variety of sociodemographic and health-related factors. Recent studies reported that long-term BZD and z-drugs use is associated with increased age, female...

["Geriatrics","Pharmacology","Psychiatry and Psychology","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4614
71 downloads
220 views

Several personality factors have been implicated in vulnerability to addiction by impacting learning and decision making. One such factor is intolerance of uncertainty (IU), the tendency to perceive uncertain situations negatively and avoid them. Conditioned place...

["Psychiatry and Psychology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4775
62 downloads
414 views

Using hypothetical scenarios, we provided participants with potential opening statements to a conflict discussion that varied on I/you language and communicated perspective. Participants rated the likelihood that the recipient of the statement would react in a...

["Psychiatry and Psychology","Legal Issues"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4831
89 downloads
210 views

Background The majority of past work on athletes’ use of psychological skills and techniques (PSTs) has adopted a variable-centered approach in which the statistical relations among study variables are averaged across a sample. However, variable-centered-analyses...

["Kinesiology","Psychiatry and Psychology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4778
74 downloads
285 views

Many individuals with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) report experiencing frequent intrusive memories of the original traumatic event (e.g., flashbacks). These memories can be triggered by situations or stimuli that reflect aspects of the trauma and may reflect...

["Neuroscience","Psychiatry and Psychology","Computational Science"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4701
70 downloads
378 views

Background Although previous evidence has shown that physical activity and physical fitness lower the level of psychological distress, little is known of simultaneous associations between of physical activity and physical fitness and with psychological distress,...

["Kinesiology","Psychiatry and Psychology","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4700
126 downloads
616 views

Background Child mental health problems are now recognised as a key public health concern. Parenting programs have been developed as one solution to reduce children’s risk of developing mental health problems. However, their potential for widespread dissemination...

["Psychiatry and Psychology","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4676
106 downloads
409 views

Objective The benefits of exercise on brain health is well known in aging and psychiatric populations. However, the relationship between habitual exercise in young and healthy adults remains unclear. This study explored the effects an eight-week exercise prescription...

["Neuroscience","Cognitive Disorders","Kinesiology","Psychiatry and Psychology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4675

Refine by manuscript type

Top subject areas - Articles

Top subject areas - People

View all subject areas