Peer-reviewed Articles - Medicine

122 downloads
846 views

The recent ‘replication crisis’ in psychology has focused attention on ways of increasing methodological rigor within the behavioral sciences. Part of this work has involved promoting ‘Registered Reports’, wherein journals peer review papers prior to data collection...

["Psychiatry and Psychology","Statistics"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.6232
36 downloads
295 views

The way people behave in traffic is not always optimal from the road safety perspective: drivers exceed speed limits, misjudge speeds or distances, tailgate other road users or fail to perceive them. Such behaviors are commonly investigated using self-report-based...

["Psychiatry and Psychology","Statistics"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.6119
42 downloads
288 views

Background Depression and major depressive disorder affect 25% of the population. First line treatment utilizing selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) have met with limited success due to well-recognized negative side effects which include weight gain...

["Microbiology","Neuroscience","Psychiatry and Psychology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.6199
46 downloads
339 views

In contrast to reports of wild primates, studies of captive primates’ flexibility often reveal conservatism: individuals are unable to switch to new and more efficient strategies when task demands change. We propose that such conservatism might be a result of task...

["Animal Behaviour","Zoology","Psychiatry and Psychology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.6195
60 downloads
276 views

Background Several empirical studies have shown that professional drivers are a vulnerable occupational group, usually exposed to environmental stressors and adverse work conditions. Furthermore, recent studies have associated work-related stress with negative...

["Psychiatry and Psychology","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.6249
60 downloads
273 views

The process model of emotion regulation (ER) is based on stages in the emotion generative process at which regulation may occur. This meta-analysis examines age-related differences in the subjective, behavioral, and physiological outcomes of instructed ER strategies...

["Psychiatry and Psychology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.6051
54 downloads
252 views

Background Only few aerobic exercise intervention trials specifically targeting cognitive functioning have been performed in multiple sclerosis. Objective and Methods This randomized controlled trial with 34 patients in the intervention group (IG) (mean: 38.2 years...

["Clinical Trials","Immunology","Neurology","Psychiatry and Psychology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.6037
65 downloads
800 views

Perceptual-motor learning describes the process of improving the smoothness and accuracy of movements. Intentional binding (IB) is a phenomenon whereby the length of time between performing a voluntary action and the production of a sensory outcome during perceptual-motor...

["Neuroscience","Psychiatry and Psychology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.6066
52 downloads
257 views

Background Stress at work has been broadly acknowledged as a worldwide problem and has been the focus of concern for many researchers. Firefighting, in particular, is frequently reported as a highly stressful occupation. In order to investigate firefighters’ occupational...

["Bioengineering","Psychiatry and Psychology","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5967
45 downloads
286 views

Introduction Extant studies have examined the effect of psychological characteristics on clinical features that define behavior problems. The purpose of this study was to analyze the effects of temperament and character as both individual factors and complex profiles...

["Pediatrics","Psychiatry and Psychology","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.6106
52 downloads
294 views

Movement in Parkinson’s disease (PD) is fragmented, and the patients depend on visual information in their behavior. This suggests that the patients may have deficits in internally monitoring their own movements. Internal monitoring of movements is assumed to rely...

["Neuroscience","Psychiatry and Psychology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.6038
46 downloads
232 views

According to embodied and grounded theories, concepts are grounded in sensorimotor systems. The majority of evidence supporting these views concerns concepts referring to objects or actions, while evidence on abstract concepts is more scarce. Explaining how abstract...

["Psychiatry and Psychology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5987
137 downloads
1,891 views

Research has demonstrated that involvement with mainstream performing arts, such as music and dance, can boost wellbeing. This article extends this work by reviewing little-known research on whether learning magic tricks can have an equally beneficial effect. We...

["Psychiatry and Psychology","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.6081
50 downloads
232 views

It has been proposed that the brain processes quantities such as space, size, number, and other magnitudes using a common neural metric, and that this common representation system reflects a direct link to motor control, because the integration of spatial, temporal,...

["Neuroscience","Kinesiology","Psychiatry and Psychology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.6026
73 downloads
469 views

Background Postnatal bonding constitutes a major process during the postpartum period, and there is evidence that bonding difficulties have negative consequences for parents’ mental health and the child’s development. However, the conceptualization of postnatal...

["Nursing","Psychiatry and Psychology","Public Health","Women\u2019s Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5980

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