Peer-reviewed Articles - Medicine

39 downloads
122 views

Background Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are frequently used in clinical practice, which can have adverse effects on the osteoblast. The objective of this study was to determine the effect of NSAIDs on the osteoblast by analyzing the gene expression...

["Drugs and Devices","Pharmacology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5415
27 downloads
177 views

Background Acute kidney injury (AKI) is associated with a significant increase in morbidity, mortality, and health care costs. In intensive care units (ICU), AKI is commonly multifactorial and frequently involves diverse factors, such as hypovolemia, sepsis, and...

["Nephrology","Pharmacology","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5405
40 downloads
231 views

Sustained-release formulations of ivermectin (IVM) are useful for controlling parasitic diseases in animals. In this work, an IVM bolus made from microcrystalline cellulose (MCC), starch and low-substituted hydroxypropyl cellulose (LS-HPC) was optimized by response...

["Veterinary Medicine","Pharmacology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5418
44 downloads
376 views

Studies have suggested that oxidative stress may contribute to the pathogenesis of mental disorders. In this context, molecules with antioxidant activity may be promising agents in the treatment of these deleterious conditions. Acetyl-L-carnitine (ALC) is a multi-target...

["Neuroscience","Pharmacology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5309
72 downloads
505 views

Background There are many problems with fitness trackers, such as device usability, which limit their large-scale application, and relevant studies are limited in terms of their sample size and evaluation methods. The purpose of the study was to evaluate the perceived...

["Pharmacology","Public Health","Human-Computer Interaction","Computational Science","Data Science"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5350
77 downloads
545 views

Background Cassia fistula (L.) (Fabaceae) is a medicinal plant from tropical Asia. It is known for its marked antioxidant activity, which is attributed to its high phenolic content. The present study aims at testing both the antioxidant and neuroprotective effects...

["Plant Science","Pharmacology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5159
72 downloads
344 views

Honey has been shown to have a range of therapeutic effects in humans, with anti-inflammatory and anti-bacterial effects among those previously characterised. Here, we examine the possibility of New Zealand thyme, manuka and honeydew honeys, and their major sugar...

["Cell Biology","Toxicology","Oncology","Pharmacology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5115
56 downloads
361 views

Objective This study was undertaken to detect if free fatty acids (FFA) induce hepatocyte senescence in L-02 cells and if huperzine A has an anti-aging effect in fatty liver cells. Methods L-02 cells were treated with a FFA mixture (oleate/palmitate, at 3:0, 2:1,...

["Gastroenterology and Hepatology","Pharmacology","Medical Genetics","Metabolic Sciences"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5145
64 downloads
277 views

Depressive disorders (DD) are known to be associated with increased DNA damage, the impairment of DNA damage repair, and the presence of single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in DNA damage repair genes. Some indirect evidence also suggests that uracil metabolism...

["Genetics","Cognitive Disorders","Pharmacology","Psychiatry and Psychology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5116
101 downloads
487 views

Background Parkinson’s disease (PD) is the second most common neurodegenerative disorder. In addition to its highly debilitating motor symptoms, non-motor symptoms may precede their motor counterparts by many years, which may characterize a prodromal phase of PD....

["Neuroscience","Pharmacology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4957
113 downloads
436 views

Passiflora suberosa L. belonging to the family Passifloraceae is an important medicinal plant used in traditional medicinal system in Sri Lanka to treat diabetes, hypertension and skin diseases. We extracted P. suberosa leaves under reflux conditions using different...

["Microbiology","Plant Science","Pharmacology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4804
135 downloads
847 views

Background Ceratonia siliqua pods (carob) have been nominated to control the high blood glucose of diabetics. In Yemen, however, its antihyperglycemic activity has not been yet assessed. Thus, this study evaluated the in vitro inhibitory effect of the methanolic...

["Diabetes and Endocrinology","Pharmacology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4788
73 downloads
371 views

Background Concomitant drug administration is a general phenomenon in patients with chronic diseases such as diabetes mellitus. Among the currently available oral antidiabetic drugs, gliclazide is a commonly prescribed drug considering its multiple benefits in...

["Diabetes and Endocrinology","Pharmacology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4798
92 downloads
522 views

Introduction The long-term use of benzodiazepines (BZD) and z-drugs in older populations is associated with a variety of sociodemographic and health-related factors. Recent studies reported that long-term BZD and z-drugs use is associated with increased age, female...

["Geriatrics","Pharmacology","Psychiatry and Psychology","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4614
92 downloads
534 views

The blood–brain barrier (BBB), an interface between the systemic circulation and the nervous system, can be a target of cytokines in inflammatory conditions. Pro-inflammatory cytokines tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) and interleukin-1β (IL-1β) induce damage in...

["Cell Biology","Neuroscience","Pharmacology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4774

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