Peer-reviewed Articles - Medicine

41 downloads
245 views

Background Bullying is one of the most important factors associated with child abuse. However, robust tests supporting the assumption that being bullied can contribute to child sexual abuse (CSA) among left-behind children (LBC) remain sparse. This study aims to...

["Pediatrics","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4865
55 downloads
711 views

Background Fecal Microbiota Transplantation (FMT) is an innovative means of treating recurrent Clostridium difficile infection (rCDI), through restoration of gut floral balance. However, there is a lack of data concerning the efficacy of FMT and its impact on the...

["Microbiology","Gastroenterology and Hepatology","Infectious Diseases","Pediatrics","Translational Medicine"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4663
41 downloads
173 views

Introduction Ureteropelvic junction obstruction (UPJO) is a common congenital anomaly leading to varying degrees of hydronephrosis (HN), ranging from no apparent effect on the renal function to atrophy. Evaluation of these children is based on Diuretic Renal Scintigraphy...

["Nephrology","Pediatrics","Radiology and Medical Imaging","Urology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4791
450 downloads
2,505 views

Establishing a diverse gut microbiota after birth is being increasingly recognised as important for preventing illnesses later in life. It is well established that bacterial diversity rapidly increases post-partum; however, few studies have examined the infant...

["Microbiology","Virology","Pediatrics"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4694
46 downloads
250 views

Background Quality indicators for nutritional therapy (QINT) are important in assessing care and monitoring of resources. Among the 30 indicators proposed by International Life Sciences Institute, Brazil, there is still no evaluation of the most pertinent for Pediatrics....

["Nutrition","Pediatrics"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4630
432 downloads
2,113 views

Background Flexible pes planus (flat feet) in children is a common reason parents and caregivers seek health professionals consult and a frequent reason podiatrists prescribe foot orthoses. Yet no universal agreement exists on the diagnosis of this condition, or...

["Drugs and Devices","Kinesiology","Pediatrics"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4667
118 downloads
710 views

Objective A subgroup of parents of children who have been treated for childhood cancer report high levels of psychological distress. To date there is no empirically supported psychological treatment targeting cancer-related psychological distress in this population....

["Clinical Trials","Oncology","Pediatrics","Psychiatry and Psychology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4570
90 downloads
492 views

Background Kawasaki disease (KD) is an immune-mediated systemic vasculitis, and infection plays an important role in the pathophysiology of KD. The susceptibility to infectious disease in patients with KD remains largely unclear. This study aimed to investigate...

["Allergy and Clinical Immunology","Cardiology","Immunology","Infectious Diseases","Pediatrics"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4539
119 downloads
981 views

Introduction Using spatial–temporal analyses to understand coverage and trends in elimination of mother-to-child transmission of HIV (e-MTCT) efforts may be helpful in ensuring timely services are delivered to the right place. We present spatial–temporal analysis...

["Epidemiology","HIV","Pediatrics","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4427
117 downloads
570 views

This study assessed in detail the influence of four different human proteins on the activation of CD4+ and CD8+ T lymphocytes and on the formation of regulatory T cells. Human whole-blood samples were incubated with four different human proteins. The effects of...

["Allergy and Clinical Immunology","Immunology","Internal Medicine","Pathology","Pediatrics"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4462
134 downloads
599 views

Background C1q TNF related protein 3 (CTRP3) is a relatively novel hormonal factor primarily derived from adipose tissue and has anti-diabetic properties. To determine if CTRP3 could play a role in early childhood development, the purpose of this study was to establish...

["Diabetes and Endocrinology","Epidemiology","Pediatrics","Women\u2019s Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4472
69 downloads
368 views

Purpose This study was performed to investigate the expression pattern of Wnt inhibitory factor 1 (Wif1) and β-catenin during anorectal development in normal and anorectal malformation (ARM) embryos and the possible role of Wif1 and β-catenin in the pathogenesis...

["Developmental Biology","Gastroenterology and Hepatology","Pediatrics"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4445
1 citation
400 downloads
1,674 views

Background Childhood obesity and school bullying are pervasive public health issues and known to co-occur in adolescents. However, the association between underweight or thinness and chronic bullying victimization is unclear. The current study examined whether...

["Epidemiology","Pediatrics","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4330
112 downloads
511 views

Background Prader-Willi syndrome (PWS) is a complex, multisystem genetic disorder characterized by a variety of physical, cognitive, and behavioral impairments. PWS is a unique sarcopenia model characterized by an abnormal increase in body fat mass and a decrease...

["Diabetes and Endocrinology","Pediatrics","Medical Genetics","Metabolic Sciences"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4097
1 citation
367 downloads
467 views

Background The importance of assessing body fat variables and physical fitness tests plays an important role in monitoring the level of activity and physical fitness of the general population. The objective of this study was to develop reference norms to evaluate...

["Global Health","Health Policy","Kinesiology","Pediatrics","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4032

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