Peer-reviewed Articles - Medicine

42 downloads
195 views

Background Regardless of the advancement in medical technologies, the diagnosis of tuberculosis (TB) in children has remained a challenge. Childhood TB is rampant and an important cause of morbidity and mortality. The objective of this study was to determine the...

["Infectious Diseases","Pediatrics"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5253
52 downloads
129 views

Background Autotaxin (ATX) is a secreted glycoprotein that is involved in the development of hepatic fibrogenesis via the enzymatic production of lysophosphatidic acid. The aim of this study was to investigate hepatic expression of ATX in biliary atresia (BA) compared...

["Gastroenterology and Hepatology","Pediatrics"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5224
81 downloads
539 views

The aims of this study were to describe the session rating of perceived exertion (sRPE), total quality recovery (TQR), and variations in countermovement jump (CMJ) height throughout nine weeks of a competitive period in young female basketball players. In total,...

["Kinesiology","Pediatrics"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5225
50 downloads
288 views

Background The norms for evaluating the maximum expiratory flow (MEF) usually are developed according to chronological age and height. However, to date, little research has been conducted using reference values that take into account the temporal changes of biological...

["Epidemiology","Global Health","Pediatrics","Public Health","Respiratory Medicine"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5157
75 downloads
2,150 views

Background The factors influencing pubertal timing have gained much attention due to a secular trend toward earlier pubertal onset in many countries. However, no studies have investigated the association between the Great earthquake and early puberty. We aimed...

["Epidemiology","Pediatrics","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5085
100 downloads
720 views

Background Bullying is one of the most important factors associated with child abuse. However, robust tests supporting the assumption that being bullied can contribute to child sexual abuse (CSA) among left-behind children (LBC) remain sparse. This study aims to...

["Pediatrics","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4865
104 downloads
1,030 views

Background Fecal Microbiota Transplantation (FMT) is an innovative means of treating recurrent Clostridium difficile infection (rCDI), through restoration of gut floral balance. However, there is a lack of data concerning the efficacy of FMT and its impact on the...

["Microbiology","Gastroenterology and Hepatology","Infectious Diseases","Pediatrics","Translational Medicine"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4663
57 downloads
337 views

Introduction Ureteropelvic junction obstruction (UPJO) is a common congenital anomaly leading to varying degrees of hydronephrosis (HN), ranging from no apparent effect on the renal function to atrophy. Evaluation of these children is based on Diuretic Renal Scintigraphy...

["Nephrology","Pediatrics","Radiology and Medical Imaging","Urology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4791
1 citation
521 downloads
2,857 views

Establishing a diverse gut microbiota after birth is being increasingly recognised as important for preventing illnesses later in life. It is well established that bacterial diversity rapidly increases post-partum; however, few studies have examined the infant...

["Microbiology","Virology","Pediatrics"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4694
57 downloads
302 views

Background Quality indicators for nutritional therapy (QINT) are important in assessing care and monitoring of resources. Among the 30 indicators proposed by International Life Sciences Institute, Brazil, there is still no evaluation of the most pertinent for Pediatrics....

["Nutrition","Pediatrics"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4630
489 downloads
2,419 views

Background Flexible pes planus (flat feet) in children is a common reason parents and caregivers seek health professionals consult and a frequent reason podiatrists prescribe foot orthoses. Yet no universal agreement exists on the diagnosis of this condition, or...

["Drugs and Devices","Kinesiology","Pediatrics"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4667
149 downloads
914 views

Objective A subgroup of parents of children who have been treated for childhood cancer report high levels of psychological distress. To date there is no empirically supported psychological treatment targeting cancer-related psychological distress in this population....

["Clinical Trials","Oncology","Pediatrics","Psychiatry and Psychology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4570
113 downloads
671 views

Background Kawasaki disease (KD) is an immune-mediated systemic vasculitis, and infection plays an important role in the pathophysiology of KD. The susceptibility to infectious disease in patients with KD remains largely unclear. This study aimed to investigate...

["Allergy and Clinical Immunology","Cardiology","Immunology","Infectious Diseases","Pediatrics"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4539
154 downloads
1,144 views

Introduction Using spatial–temporal analyses to understand coverage and trends in elimination of mother-to-child transmission of HIV (e-MTCT) efforts may be helpful in ensuring timely services are delivered to the right place. We present spatial–temporal analysis...

["Epidemiology","HIV","Pediatrics","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4427
176 downloads
875 views

This study assessed in detail the influence of four different human proteins on the activation of CD4+ and CD8+ T lymphocytes and on the formation of regulatory T cells. Human whole-blood samples were incubated with four different human proteins. The effects of...

["Allergy and Clinical Immunology","Immunology","Internal Medicine","Pathology","Pediatrics"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4462

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