Peer-reviewed Articles - Medicine

31 downloads
235 views

Background Electrical stimulation (ES) has a long history of successful use in the clinical treatment of refractory, non-healing bone fractures and has recently been proposed as an adjunct to bone tissue-engineering treatments to optimize their therapeutic potential....

["Cell Biology","Molecular Biology","Orthopedics"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4959
60 downloads
303 views

Objectives To evaluate the outcomes of patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) of the knee who underwent five portal arthroscopic synovectomy, with or without post-operative negative pressure drainage (NPD). Material and Methods A prospective clinical trial was...

["Clinical Trials","Immunology","Orthopedics","Rheumatology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4727
59 downloads
344 views

Objectives Osteoarthritis (OA) and vitamin D deficiency are common health conditions in older people. Whether vitamin D concentration is associated with knee OA is controversial. In this study, we aimed to determine the association between serum concentrations...

["Anesthesiology and Pain Management","Orthopedics","Metabolic Sciences"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4670
81 downloads
537 views

Background Mechanistic understanding of tendon molecular and cellular biology is crucial toward furthering our abilities to design new therapies for tendon and ligament injuries and disease. Recent transcriptomic and epigenomic studies in the field have harnessed...

["Molecular Biology","Orthopedics"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4664
77 downloads
626 views

Identifying the separate parts in ultrasound images such as bone and skin plays a crucial role in the synovitis detection task. This paper presents a detector of bone and skin regions in the form of a classifier which is trained on a set of annotated images. Selected...

["Orthopedics","Radiology and Medical Imaging","Rheumatology","Human\u2013Computer Interaction","Computational Science"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4411
163 downloads
642 views

Long-distance running competitions impose a large amount of mechanical loading and strain leading to muscle edema and delayed onset muscle soreness (DOMS). Damage to various muscle fibers, metabolic impairments and fatigue have been linked to explain how DOMS impairs...

["Kinesiology","Orthopedics","Radiology and Medical Imaging"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4469
203 downloads
761 views

Background Several water-based sports (swimming, surfing and stand up paddle boarding) require adequate thoracic mobility (specifically rotation) in order to perform the appropriate activity requirements. The measurement of thoracic spine rotation is problematic...

["Kinesiology","Orthopedics","Science and Medical Education","Human\u2013Computer Interaction"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4431
112 downloads
616 views

Background Patellofemoral pain (PFP) is often reported as a diffuse pain at the front of the knee during knee-loading activities. A patient’s description of pain location and distribution is commonly drawn on paper by clinicians, which is difficult to quantify,...

["Anesthesiology and Pain Management","Anatomy and Physiology","Orthopedics","Translational Medicine","Human\u2013Computer Interaction"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4406
539 downloads
8,288 views

Background Impaired patient-reported shoulder function and pain, external-rotation strength, abduction strength, and abduction range-of-motion (ROM) is reported in patients with subacromial impingement (SIS). However, it is unknown how much strength and ROM improves...

["Evidence Based Medicine","Kinesiology","Orthopedics","Surgery and Surgical Specialties"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4400
150 downloads
632 views

Background Although it is broadly accepted that clinicians should endeavour to reassure patients with low back pain, to do so can present a significant clinical challenge. Guidance for how to provide effective reassurance is scarce and there may be a need to counter...

["Clinical Trials","Orthopedics"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4301
128 downloads
606 views

Background The windlass mechanism was described as the effect caused by the extension of the first metatarsalphalangeal joint (1st MTPJ). Quantify the degrees of movement produced in the leg by means of the Bioval® sensor system, after performing two measurements...

["Kinesiology","Orthopedics","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4103
138 downloads
516 views

Purpose This study aims at verifying whether proprioception is abnormal or not, two weeks after a grade 1 and 2 ankle sprain in the scope of work-related accident. Methods A descriptive, observation and transversal study was designed to compare speed, movement...

["Kinesiology","Orthopedics"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4163
1,618 downloads
6,150 views

Background Low back pain clinical practice guidelines consistently recommend against the routine ordering of spinal imaging; however, imaging is frequently requested in primary care, without evidence of benefit. Imaging reports frequently identify degenerative...

["Evidence Based Medicine","Orthopedics","Radiology and Medical Imaging","Rheumatology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4151
187 downloads
713 views

Background Court shoe designs predominantly focus on reducing excessive vertical ground reaction force, but shear force cushioning has received little attention in the basketball population. We aimed to examine the effect of a novel shoe-cushioning design on both...

["Bioengineering","Kinesiology","Orthopedics"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4086
190 downloads
828 views

Extensive investigations over the recent decades have established the anatomical, biomechanical and functional importance of the meniscus in the knee joint. As a functioning part of the joint, it serves to prevent the deterioration of articular cartilage and subsequent...

["Biotechnology","Kinesiology","Orthopedics"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4076

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