Peer-reviewed Articles - Medicine

64 downloads
339 views

Background Nut consumption at the population level remains low despite the well-documented benefits of their consumption, including their cardioprotective effects. Studies have suggested that advice from health professionals may be a means to increase nut consumption...

["Allergy and Clinical Immunology","Nutrition","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5500
66 downloads
1,373 views

Background During pregnancy, healthy maternal body weight and a nutritionally complete diet provide a favorable environment for fetal development. Yet nearly two-thirds of women of reproductive age in the United States (US) are either overweight or obese. The objective...

["Gynecology and Obstetrics","Nutrition"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5526
126 downloads
403 views

Background Metabolic syndrome (MS) is a construct used to separate “healthy” from “unhealthy” obese patients, and is a major risk factor for type 2 diabetes (T2D) and cardiovascular disease. There is controversy over whether obese “metabolically well” persons have...

["Nutrition","Public Health","Medical Genetics","Metabolic Sciences"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5410
179 downloads
753 views

The beneficial effects of prebiotic fibres on human health have been related to their capacities to alter the gut microbiota and modify the growth of beneficial microorganisms. It is long appreciated that bacterial metabolites affect the host’s physiology. The...

["Cell Biology","Food Science and Technology","Microbiology","Gastroenterology and Hepatology","Nutrition"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5288
116 downloads
502 views

This study aimed to characterize the antioxidant properties of Rama Forte persimmon, a tannin-rich fruit variety produced in Brazil. Extracts prepared with lyophilized pulps from fruits obtained in local markets were analyzed individually to evaluate the extent...

["Biochemistry","Food Science and Technology","Nutrition"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5223
125 downloads
544 views

Background Alzheimer’s disease (AD) is a neurodegenerative disease that is characterized by deficits in episodic memory. It is the most common form of dementia and affects 50–70% of patients with cognitive impairments over the age of 65. Elderly people are particularly...

["Cognitive Disorders","Epidemiology","Geriatrics","Nursing","Nutrition"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5150
194 downloads
658 views

Background Obesity-induced glucose metabolism disorder is associated with chronic, low-grade, systemic inflammation and is considered a risk factor for diabetes and metabolic syndrome. Resveratrol (RES), a natural anti-inflammatory compound, is observed to improve...

["Diabetes and Endocrinology","Immunology","Nutrition","Metabolic Sciences"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5173
118 downloads
568 views

Obesity is one of the most challenging problems in human health and is recognized as an important risk factor for many chronic diseases. It remains unclear how the neural systems (e.g., the mesolimbic “reward” and the prefrontal “control” neural systems) are correlated...

["Neuroscience","Nutrition","Radiology and Medical Imaging"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5002
1 citation
93 downloads
425 views

Background Fetuin-A and leukocyte cell-derived chemotaxin-2 (LECT-2) are liver-derived proteins. Fetuin-A is an independent risk factor for type 2 diabetes (T2D) and obese patients with T2D have higher plasma fetuin-A levels than those without T2D. LECT-2 has positive...

["Gastroenterology and Hepatology","Nutrition","Surgery and Surgical Specialties","Metabolic Sciences"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4884
1 citation
105 downloads
434 views

Background Selenium is an essential element; however, at higher doses, it can be toxic. Therefore, alternative nanotechnological solutions are required to overcome toxicological issues, rather than conventional alternatives. Nanoparticles show new and promising...

["Agricultural Science","Biochemistry","Nutrition"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4862
134 downloads
723 views

An estimated two billion people worldwide currently suffer from micronutrient malnutrition, and almost one billion are calorie deficient. Providing adequate nutrition is a growing global challenge. Seafood is one of the most important sources of both protein and...

["Aquaculture, Fisheries and Fish Science","Global Health","Nutrition","Coupled Natural and Human Systems","Natural Resource Management"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4733
343 downloads
693 views

Background Building healthy eating habit is essential for all people. School and family are the prime institutions to instill this habit during early age. This study is aimed at understanding the impact of family such as parents’ educations and incomes on building...

["Nutrition","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4563
77 downloads
350 views

Background Quality indicators for nutritional therapy (QINT) are important in assessing care and monitoring of resources. Among the 30 indicators proposed by International Life Sciences Institute, Brazil, there is still no evaluation of the most pertinent for Pediatrics....

["Nutrition","Pediatrics"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4630
1 citation
142 downloads
774 views

Background Obesity-related central nervous system (CNS) pathologies like neuroinflammation and reactive gliosis are associated with high-fat diet (HFD) related elevation of saturated fatty acids like palmitic acid (PA) in neurons and astrocytes of the brain. Methods...

["Biochemistry","Cell Biology","Molecular Biology","Neuroscience","Nutrition"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4696
2 citations
3,325 downloads
6,528 views

Background Adaptation to a ketogenic diet (keto-induction) can cause unpleasant symptoms, and this can reduce tolerability of the diet. Several methods have been suggested as useful for encouraging entry into nutritional ketosis (NK) and reducing symptoms of keto-induction....

["Nutrition","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4488

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