Peer-reviewed Articles - Medicine

54 downloads
329 views

The beneficial effects of prebiotic fibres on human health have been related to their capacities to alter the gut microbiota and modify the growth of beneficial microorganisms. It is long appreciated that bacterial metabolites affect the host’s physiology. The...

["Cell Biology","Food Science and Technology","Microbiology","Gastroenterology and Hepatology","Nutrition"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5288
48 downloads
388 views

This study aimed to characterize the antioxidant properties of Rama Forte persimmon, a tannin-rich fruit variety produced in Brazil. Extracts prepared with lyophilized pulps from fruits obtained in local markets were analyzed individually to evaluate the extent...

["Biochemistry","Food Science and Technology","Nutrition"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5223
80 downloads
390 views

Background Alzheimer’s disease (AD) is a neurodegenerative disease that is characterized by deficits in episodic memory. It is the most common form of dementia and affects 50–70% of patients with cognitive impairments over the age of 65. Elderly people are particularly...

["Cognitive Disorders","Epidemiology","Geriatrics","Nursing","Nutrition"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5150
131 downloads
482 views

Background Obesity-induced glucose metabolism disorder is associated with chronic, low-grade, systemic inflammation and is considered a risk factor for diabetes and metabolic syndrome. Resveratrol (RES), a natural anti-inflammatory compound, is observed to improve...

["Diabetes and Endocrinology","Immunology","Nutrition","Metabolic Sciences"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5173
80 downloads
440 views

Obesity is one of the most challenging problems in human health and is recognized as an important risk factor for many chronic diseases. It remains unclear how the neural systems (e.g., the mesolimbic “reward” and the prefrontal “control” neural systems) are correlated...

["Neuroscience","Nutrition","Radiology and Medical Imaging"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5002
1 citation
74 downloads
353 views

Background Fetuin-A and leukocyte cell-derived chemotaxin-2 (LECT-2) are liver-derived proteins. Fetuin-A is an independent risk factor for type 2 diabetes (T2D) and obese patients with T2D have higher plasma fetuin-A levels than those without T2D. LECT-2 has positive...

["Gastroenterology and Hepatology","Nutrition","Surgery and Surgical Specialties","Metabolic Sciences"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4884
75 downloads
342 views

Background Selenium is an essential element; however, at higher doses, it can be toxic. Therefore, alternative nanotechnological solutions are required to overcome toxicological issues, rather than conventional alternatives. Nanoparticles show new and promising...

["Agricultural Science","Biochemistry","Nutrition"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4862
110 downloads
599 views

An estimated two billion people worldwide currently suffer from micronutrient malnutrition, and almost one billion are calorie deficient. Providing adequate nutrition is a growing global challenge. Seafood is one of the most important sources of both protein and...

["Aquaculture, Fisheries and Fish Science","Global Health","Nutrition","Coupled Natural and Human Systems","Natural Resource Management"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4733
149 downloads
530 views

Background Building healthy eating habit is essential for all people. School and family are the prime institutions to instill this habit during early age. This study is aimed at understanding the impact of family such as parents’ educations and incomes on building...

["Nutrition","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4563
57 downloads
302 views

Background Quality indicators for nutritional therapy (QINT) are important in assessing care and monitoring of resources. Among the 30 indicators proposed by International Life Sciences Institute, Brazil, there is still no evaluation of the most pertinent for Pediatrics....

["Nutrition","Pediatrics"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4630
1 citation
106 downloads
645 views

Background Obesity-related central nervous system (CNS) pathologies like neuroinflammation and reactive gliosis are associated with high-fat diet (HFD) related elevation of saturated fatty acids like palmitic acid (PA) in neurons and astrocytes of the brain. Methods...

["Biochemistry","Cell Biology","Molecular Biology","Neuroscience","Nutrition"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4696
2 citations
3,204 downloads
5,996 views

Background Adaptation to a ketogenic diet (keto-induction) can cause unpleasant symptoms, and this can reduce tolerability of the diet. Several methods have been suggested as useful for encouraging entry into nutritional ketosis (NK) and reducing symptoms of keto-induction....

["Nutrition","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4488
373 downloads
2,532 views

Background Nowadays, growing attention was being given to the alternative ways to prevent or treat diseases. Nutraceuticals are used increasingly for this purpose. Many of these are being used as alternative therapy. Classic therapy with synthetic drugs, although...

["Plant Science","Nutrition"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4465
113 downloads
885 views

This study investigated the effects of xylo-oligosaccharide (XOS) and flavomycin (FLA) on the performance and immune function of broiler chickens. A total of 150 ArborAcres broilers were randomly divided into three groups and fed for six weeks from one day of age...

["Agricultural Science","Genomics","Molecular Biology","Nutrition"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4435
214 downloads
902 views

Background Anemia is the most widely prevalent form of micronutrient deficiency that affects over a quarter of the global population. Evidence suggests that the burden of anemia is higher in the developing countries with women of reproductive age and children being...

["Epidemiology","Global Health","Nutrition","Public Health","Women\u2019s Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4414

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