Peer-reviewed Articles - Medicine

30 downloads
197 views

Obesity is one of the most challenging problems in human health and is recognized as an important risk factor for many chronic diseases. It remains unclear how the neural systems (e.g., the mesolimbic “reward” and the prefrontal “control” neural systems) are correlated...

["Neuroscience","Nutrition","Radiology and Medical Imaging"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5002
1 citation
24 downloads
161 views

Background Fetuin-A and leukocyte cell-derived chemotaxin-2 (LECT-2) are liver-derived proteins. Fetuin-A is an independent risk factor for type 2 diabetes (T2D) and obese patients with T2D have higher plasma fetuin-A levels than those without T2D. LECT-2 has positive...

["Gastroenterology and Hepatology","Nutrition","Surgery and Surgical Specialties","Metabolic Sciences"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4884
41 downloads
128 views

Background Selenium is an essential element; however, at higher doses, it can be toxic. Therefore, alternative nanotechnological solutions are required to overcome toxicological issues, rather than conventional alternatives. Nanoparticles show new and promising...

["Agricultural Science","Biochemistry","Nutrition"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4862
83 downloads
418 views

An estimated two billion people worldwide currently suffer from micronutrient malnutrition, and almost one billion are calorie deficient. Providing adequate nutrition is a growing global challenge. Seafood is one of the most important sources of both protein and...

["Aquaculture, Fisheries and Fish Science","Global Health","Nutrition","Coupled Natural and Human Systems","Natural Resource Management"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4733
86 downloads
356 views

Background Building healthy eating habit is essential for all people. School and family are the prime institutions to instill this habit during early age. This study is aimed at understanding the impact of family such as parents’ educations and incomes on building...

["Nutrition","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4563
46 downloads
250 views

Background Quality indicators for nutritional therapy (QINT) are important in assessing care and monitoring of resources. Among the 30 indicators proposed by International Life Sciences Institute, Brazil, there is still no evaluation of the most pertinent for Pediatrics....

["Nutrition","Pediatrics"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4630
77 downloads
419 views

Background Obesity-related central nervous system (CNS) pathologies like neuroinflammation and reactive gliosis are associated with high-fat diet (HFD) related elevation of saturated fatty acids like palmitic acid (PA) in neurons and astrocytes of the brain. Methods...

["Biochemistry","Cell Biology","Molecular Biology","Neuroscience","Nutrition"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4696
2 citations
3,092 downloads
5,263 views

Background Adaptation to a ketogenic diet (keto-induction) can cause unpleasant symptoms, and this can reduce tolerability of the diet. Several methods have been suggested as useful for encouraging entry into nutritional ketosis (NK) and reducing symptoms of keto-induction....

["Nutrition","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4488
283 downloads
2,155 views

Background Nowadays, growing attention was being given to the alternative ways to prevent or treat diseases. Nutraceuticals are used increasingly for this purpose. Many of these are being used as alternative therapy. Classic therapy with synthetic drugs, although...

["Plant Science","Nutrition"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4465
91 downloads
726 views

This study investigated the effects of xylo-oligosaccharide (XOS) and flavomycin (FLA) on the performance and immune function of broiler chickens. A total of 150 ArborAcres broilers were randomly divided into three groups and fed for six weeks from one day of age...

["Agricultural Science","Genomics","Molecular Biology","Nutrition"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4435
173 downloads
713 views

Background Anemia is the most widely prevalent form of micronutrient deficiency that affects over a quarter of the global population. Evidence suggests that the burden of anemia is higher in the developing countries with women of reproductive age and children being...

["Epidemiology","Global Health","Nutrition","Public Health","Women\u2019s Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4414
234 downloads
1,025 views

Driven by the growing recognition of the influence of the gut microbiota (GM) on human health and disease, there is a rapidly increasing interest in understanding how dietary components, pharmaceuticals and pre- and probiotics influence GM. In vitro colon models...

["Biotechnology","Food Science and Technology","Genetics","Microbiology","Nutrition"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4268
137 downloads
578 views

Objective To investigate the risk factors for osteoporosis in male Taiwanese patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Methods This cross-sectional study evaluated male COPD outpatients and age-matched male subjects at a regional teaching hospital....

["Geriatrics","Internal Medicine","Nutrition","Respiratory Medicine","Metabolic Sciences"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4232
2 citations
223 downloads
963 views

Background Salvia officinalis (sage) is a native plant to the Mediterranean region and has been used for a long time in traditional medicine for various diseases. We investigated possible anti-diabetic, anti-inflammatory and anti-obesity effects of sage methanol...

["Diabetes and Endocrinology","Nutrition","Translational Medicine"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4166
148 downloads
741 views

Background Toll like receptors (TLRs) are an important and evolutionary conserved class of pattern recognition receptors associated with innate immunity. The recognition of Gram-positive cell wall constituents strongly depends on TLR2. In order to be functional,...

["Biochemistry","Cell Biology","Immunology","Nutrition"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4212

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