Peer-reviewed Articles - Medicine

33 downloads
238 views

Background Constipation is suspected to occur frequently after acquired brain injury (ABI). In patients with ABI, heart rate variability (HRV) is reduced suggesting autonomic dysfunction. Autonomic dysfunction may be associated with prolonged gastrointestinal transit...

["Gastroenterology and Hepatology","Neurology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4912
101 downloads
401 views

Purpose A literature review is presented that aims to summarize and compare current methods to evaluate sleep. Methods Current sleep assessment methods have been classified according to different criteria; e.g., objective (polysomnography, actigraphy…) vs. subjective...

["Global Health","Neurology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4849
81 downloads
360 views

Mitochondria are small, energy-producing structures vital to the energy needs of the body. Genetic mutations cause mitochondria to fail to produce the energy needed by cells and organs which can cause severe disease and death. These genetic mutations are likely...

["Genetics","Internal Medicine","Neurology","Medical Genetics"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4790
56 downloads
903 views

Background Epidemiologic data supporting the epilepsy–asthma association are insufficient. Therefore, we examined this association in this study. Methods By using claims data from the National Health Insurance Research Database (Taiwan), we executed a retrospective...

["Epidemiology","Immunology","Internal Medicine","Neurology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4792
49 downloads
216 views

Lesion of the dopaminergic neurons of the nigrostriatal system is a key feature of Parkinson’s disease (PD). Alpha-synuclein is a protein that is a major component of Lewy bodies, histopathological hallmarks of PD, and is involved in regulation of dopamine (DA)...

["Developmental Biology","Neuroscience","Neurology","Pathology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4779
119 downloads
1,714 views

Objective In the media, numerous public figures have reported involuntary emotional outbursts arising from watching films on planes, resembling neurological phenomena such as pseudobulbar affect. Putative risk factors put forward include altitude, mild hypoxia,...

["Cognitive Disorders","Neurology","Otorhinolaryngology","Psychiatry and Psychology","Science and Medical Education"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4569
87 downloads
473 views

Background We established a glioma biobank at Beijing Tiantan Hospital in November, 2010. Specialized residents have been trained to collect, store and manage the biobank in accordance with standard operating procedures. Methods One hundred samples were selected...

["Neurology","Oncology","Translational Medicine"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4450
1 citation
165 downloads
964 views

Background EEG may be affected by artefacts hindering the analysis of brain signals. Data-driven methods like independent component analysis (ICA) are successful approaches to remove artefacts from the EEG. However, the ICA-based methods developed so far are often...

["Neuroscience","Neurology","Computational Science"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4380
86 downloads
357 views

Obesity and sleep fragmentation (SF) are often co-occurring pro-inflammatory conditions in patients with obstructive sleep apnea. Leptin is a peptide hormone produced by adipocytes that has anorexigenic effects upon appetite while regulating immunity. The role...

["Diabetes and Endocrinology","Immunology","Neurology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4423
99 downloads
484 views

The toxicity of engineered nanoparticles remains a concern. The knowledge of biohazards associated with particular nanoparticles is crucial to make this cutting-edge technology more beneficial and safe. Here, we evaluated the toxicity of Ga2O3 nanoparticles (NPs),...

["Biochemistry","Neuroscience","Toxicology","Neurology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4365
79 downloads
449 views

Background Patients with chronic orofacial pain due to temporomandibular disorders (TMD) display alterations in somatosensory processing at the jaw, such as amplified perception of tactile stimuli, but the underlying mechanisms remain unclear. This study investigated...

["Dentistry","Neurology","Psychiatry and Psychology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4310
260 downloads
4,399 views

Patients with myalgic encephalomyelitis/chronic fatigue syndrome (ME/CFS) often suffer from gastrointestinal symptoms and many are diagnosed with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). Previous studies, including from our laboratory, have demonstrated that the ME/CFS...

["Microbiology","Molecular Biology","Neurology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4282
1 citation
201 downloads
856 views

Major depressive disorder (MDD) is highly prevalent, recurrent, and associated with functional impairment, morbidity, and mortality. Herein, we aimed to identify disruptions in functional connectomics among subjects with MDD by using resting-state functional magnetic...

["Neuroscience","Cognitive Disorders","Neurology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3147
1 citation
136 downloads
592 views

Peripheral nerves are extremely complex biological structures. The knowledge of their response to stretch is crucial to better understand physiological and pathological states (e.g., due to overstretch). Since their mechanical response is deterministically related...

["Bioengineering","Computational Biology","Neurology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4005
174 downloads
673 views

Hands motor imagery (MI) has been reported to alter synchronization patterns amongst neurons, yielding variations in the mu and beta bands’ power spectral density (PSD) of the electroencephalography (EEG) signal. These alterations have been used in the field of...

["Neuroscience","Neurology","Human-Computer Interaction","Computational Science"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3983

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