Peer-reviewed Articles - Medicine

39 downloads
234 views

Background The vermiform appendix serves as a “safe house” for maintaining normal gut bacteria and appendectomy may impair the intestinal microbiota. Appendectomy is expected to profoundly alter the immune system and modulate the pathogenic inflammatory immune...

["Microbiology","Diabetes and Endocrinology","Internal Medicine","Nephrology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5019
43 downloads
199 views

Introduction Ureteropelvic junction obstruction (UPJO) is a common congenital anomaly leading to varying degrees of hydronephrosis (HN), ranging from no apparent effect on the renal function to atrophy. Evaluation of these children is based on Diuretic Renal Scintigraphy...

["Nephrology","Pediatrics","Radiology and Medical Imaging","Urology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4791
75 downloads
438 views

Background Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is characterised by long-term kidney damage and renal function decline. Diabetic CKD is the principal subtype of kidney disease in Malaysia and is associated with oxidative stress which plays an important role in development...

["Diabetes and Endocrinology","Nephrology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4421
74 downloads
304 views

Background Renal biopsies performed in diabetic patients are increasing and becoming more complex. Comprehensive data on modern spectrum of biopsy-proven renal disease in Chinese diabetic patients are lacking. Methods In a nationwide renal biopsy survey including...

["Diabetes and Endocrinology","Epidemiology","Nephrology","Pathology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4522
102 downloads
480 views

Background Minimal change disease (MCD) is a kind of nephrotic syndrome (NS). In this study, we aimed to establish a mathematical diagnostic model based on biological parameters to classify MCD. Methods A total of 798 NS patients were divided into MCD group and...

["Bioinformatics","Epidemiology","Nephrology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4237
162 downloads
463 views

Background Osteoprotegerin (OPG) is a potential biomarker for severity and complications of cardiovascular diseases. Peripheral arterial disease (PAD) is associated with an increased risk of death in kidney transplantation (KT) patients. This prospective cross-sectional...

["Nephrology","Surgery and Surgical Specialties"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3847
1 citation
79 downloads
568 views

Background Frailty exhibits a high prevalence in end-stage renal disease (ESRD) patients and is associated with adverse health-related outcomes, including falls and fractures. Available studies do not address whether frailty is associated with temporal changes...

["Geriatrics","Nephrology","Palliative Care"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3542
152 downloads
854 views

Background Renal supportive care (RSC) is an important option for elderly individuals reaching end-stage renal disease; however, the frequency of RSC practice is very low among Asian countries. We evaluated the attitude, the knowledge, and the preference for specific...

["Geriatrics","Nephrology","Public Health","Palliative Care"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3540
1 citation
194 downloads
607 views

Objective To compare the risk of postoperative ureteral stricture formation following retroperitoneal laparoscopic ureterolithotomy (RPLU) and ureteroscopy with holmium: YAG laser lithotripsy (URSL) in patients with proximal ureteral stones. Materials and Methods...

["Nephrology","Surgery and Surgical Specialties","Urology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3483
2 citations
443 downloads
1,298 views

Aim To evaluate the effects of sodium-glucose co-transporter 2 (SGLT2) inhibition on renal function and albuminuria in patients with type 2 diabetes. Methods We conducted systematic searches of PubMed, Embase and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials up...

["Diabetes and Endocrinology","Evidence Based Medicine","Nephrology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3405
362 downloads
1,063 views

Background The kidney is always subjected to high metabolic demand. The aim of this study was to characterize metabolic profiles of a rat model of chronic kidney disease (CKD) with cardiorenal syndrome (CRS) induced by prolonged hypertension. Methods We used inbred...

["Molecular Biology","Cardiology","Nephrology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3352
2 citations
231 downloads
1,061 views

Background Disturbances in mineral and bone metabolism represent one of the most complex complications of chronic kidney disease (CKD). Serotonin, a monoamine synthesized from tryptophan, may play a potential role in bone metabolism. Brain-derived serotonin exerts...

["Anatomy and Physiology","Nephrology","Neurology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3199
1 citation
781 downloads
1,016 views

Background Although the relationship between a history of kidney stones and chronic kidney disease (CKD) has been explored in many studies, it is still far from being well understood. Thus, we conducted a meta-analysis of studies comparing rates of CKD in patients...

["Epidemiology","Nephrology","Urology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2907
5 citations
261 downloads
885 views

Testosterone has been reported to cause blood pressure to increase. However mechanisms that underlie the effect of this hormone on this physiological parameter are currently not well understood. The aims of this study were to investigate effects of testosterone...

["Molecular Biology","Nephrology","Pharmacology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2145
2 citations
341 downloads
1,002 views

Background. Geriatric syndromes (GS) exhibit high prevalence in patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) under chronic dialysis irrespective of age. We sought to determine whether GS influences medication adherence in ESRD patients. Methods. A prospective cohort...

["Evidence Based Medicine","Geriatrics","Hematology","Nephrology","Palliative Care"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2122

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