Peer-reviewed Articles - Medicine

82 downloads
353 views

Background Cystic fibrosis (CF) is a disease characterized by chronic airway infection with a high incidence and poor prognosis. Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Aspergillus fumigatus are pathogens commonly found in CF patients. Clinically, these two microorganisms often...

["Microbiology","Infectious Diseases","Internal Medicine","Respiratory Medicine","Science and Medical Education"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5931
40 downloads
370 views

Background Previous studies show that mTOR inhibitors decrease the risk of cancer development after kidney transplantation. However, the effect of cumulative doses of mTOR inhibitors on cancer after kidney transplantation is not well known. Methods In the current...

["Internal Medicine","Oncology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5864
51 downloads
204 views

Background Surgical site infections (SSIs) are a common complication following breast surgery procedures, despite being considered a clean surgery. The prevalence of SSIs can be minimised with the appropriate use of antibiotic prophylaxis as outlined in the Australian...

["Evidence Based Medicine","Infectious Diseases","Internal Medicine","Public Health","Surgery and Surgical Specialties"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5724
498 downloads
500 views

Background The aim of the study was to assess the effects of walking on the blood pressure in sedentary adults with differing degrees of systolic blood pressure (SBP). Methods A total of 529 subjects with SBP above 120 mmHg were enrolled. Blood pressure, body weight,...

["Cardiology","Internal Medicine","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5471
109 downloads
469 views

Introduction Medical students often do not value attending in-person large group sessions. It is also not clear from prior research whether attendance at large group sessions impact on performance in medical school. The goal of this study was to assess the relationship...

["Internal Medicine","Nursing","Science and Medical Education"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5283
88 downloads
323 views

Objective To verify self-reported basic and instrumental activities of daily living (IADL) with a disability and the results of performance-based tests (namely the Taiwan performance-based IADL (TPIADL), the 2-minute step test (2MST), the 30-second chair-stand...

["Geriatrics","Global Health","Internal Medicine","Nephrology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5286
154 downloads
1,132 views

Background Antibiotic-associated gastrointestinal signs (AAGS) occur commonly in cats. Co-administration of synbiotics is associated with decreased AAGS in people, potentially due to stabilization of the fecal microbiome and metabolome. The purpose of this double-blinded...

["Microbiology","Veterinary Medicine","Gastroenterology and Hepatology","Internal Medicine","Translational Medicine"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5130
79 downloads
312 views

Background The importance of circulating antibodies as biomarkers of kidney disease has recently been recognized. However, no study has systematically described the methodology of sample preparation and storage regarding antibodies as biomarkers of kidney disease....

["Immunology","Internal Medicine","Nephrology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5178
123 downloads
573 views

Background The vermiform appendix serves as a “safe house” for maintaining normal gut bacteria and appendectomy may impair the intestinal microbiota. Appendectomy is expected to profoundly alter the immune system and modulate the pathogenic inflammatory immune...

["Microbiology","Diabetes and Endocrinology","Internal Medicine","Nephrology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5019
402 downloads
827 views

Mitochondria are small, energy-producing structures vital to the energy needs of the body. Genetic mutations cause mitochondria to fail to produce the energy needed by cells and organs which can cause severe disease and death. These genetic mutations are likely...

["Genetics","Internal Medicine","Neurology","Medical Genetics"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4790
129 downloads
1,397 views

Background Epidemiologic data supporting the epilepsy–asthma association are insufficient. Therefore, we examined this association in this study. Methods By using claims data from the National Health Insurance Research Database (Taiwan), we executed a retrospective...

["Epidemiology","Immunology","Internal Medicine","Neurology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4792
219 downloads
1,286 views

This study assessed in detail the influence of four different human proteins on the activation of CD4+ and CD8+ T lymphocytes and on the formation of regulatory T cells. Human whole-blood samples were incubated with four different human proteins. The effects of...

["Allergy and Clinical Immunology","Immunology","Internal Medicine","Pathology","Pediatrics"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4462
1 citation
324 downloads
1,207 views

Background Although several studies have identified risk factors for high blood pressure (BP), data from Afro-Caribbean populations are limited. Additionally, less is known about how putative risk factors operate in young adults and how social factors influence...

["Cardiology","Epidemiology","Global Health","Internal Medicine","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4385
249 downloads
1,705 views

Introduction The treatment with tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) has drastically improved the outcome of chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) patients. This study was conducted to examine the risk of secondary cancers (SCs) in the CML patients who were diagnosed and...

["Epidemiology","Internal Medicine","Oncology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4342
1 citation
369 downloads
1,466 views

Aim To perform a systematic review and meta-analysis of the weekend effect on the mortality of patients with upper gastrointestinal bleeding(UGIB). Methods The review protocol has been registered in the PROSPERO International Prospective Register of Systematic...

["Emergency and Critical Care","Gastroenterology and Hepatology","Internal Medicine"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4248

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