Peer-reviewed Articles - Medicine

74 downloads
347 views

Background The aim of the study was to assess the effects of walking on the blood pressure in sedentary adults with differing degrees of systolic blood pressure (SBP). Methods A total of 529 subjects with SBP above 120 mmHg were enrolled. Blood pressure, body weight,...

["Cardiology","Internal Medicine","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5471
68 downloads
330 views

Introduction Medical students often do not value attending in-person large group sessions. It is also not clear from prior research whether attendance at large group sessions impact on performance in medical school. The goal of this study was to assess the relationship...

["Internal Medicine","Nursing","Science and Medical Education"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5283
58 downloads
253 views

Objective To verify self-reported basic and instrumental activities of daily living (IADL) with a disability and the results of performance-based tests (namely the Taiwan performance-based IADL (TPIADL), the 2-minute step test (2MST), the 30-second chair-stand...

["Geriatrics","Global Health","Internal Medicine","Nephrology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5286
117 downloads
1,003 views

Background Antibiotic-associated gastrointestinal signs (AAGS) occur commonly in cats. Co-administration of synbiotics is associated with decreased AAGS in people, potentially due to stabilization of the fecal microbiome and metabolome. The purpose of this double-blinded...

["Microbiology","Veterinary Medicine","Gastroenterology and Hepatology","Internal Medicine","Translational Medicine"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5130
56 downloads
262 views

Background The importance of circulating antibodies as biomarkers of kidney disease has recently been recognized. However, no study has systematically described the methodology of sample preparation and storage regarding antibodies as biomarkers of kidney disease....

["Immunology","Internal Medicine","Nephrology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5178
96 downloads
485 views

Background The vermiform appendix serves as a “safe house” for maintaining normal gut bacteria and appendectomy may impair the intestinal microbiota. Appendectomy is expected to profoundly alter the immune system and modulate the pathogenic inflammatory immune...

["Microbiology","Diabetes and Endocrinology","Internal Medicine","Nephrology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5019
242 downloads
672 views

Mitochondria are small, energy-producing structures vital to the energy needs of the body. Genetic mutations cause mitochondria to fail to produce the energy needed by cells and organs which can cause severe disease and death. These genetic mutations are likely...

["Genetics","Internal Medicine","Neurology","Medical Genetics"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4790
95 downloads
1,261 views

Background Epidemiologic data supporting the epilepsy–asthma association are insufficient. Therefore, we examined this association in this study. Methods By using claims data from the National Health Insurance Research Database (Taiwan), we executed a retrospective...

["Epidemiology","Immunology","Internal Medicine","Neurology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4792
193 downloads
1,041 views

This study assessed in detail the influence of four different human proteins on the activation of CD4+ and CD8+ T lymphocytes and on the formation of regulatory T cells. Human whole-blood samples were incubated with four different human proteins. The effects of...

["Allergy and Clinical Immunology","Immunology","Internal Medicine","Pathology","Pediatrics"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4462
246 downloads
1,071 views

Background Although several studies have identified risk factors for high blood pressure (BP), data from Afro-Caribbean populations are limited. Additionally, less is known about how putative risk factors operate in young adults and how social factors influence...

["Cardiology","Epidemiology","Global Health","Internal Medicine","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4385
205 downloads
1,547 views

Introduction The treatment with tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) has drastically improved the outcome of chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) patients. This study was conducted to examine the risk of secondary cancers (SCs) in the CML patients who were diagnosed and...

["Epidemiology","Internal Medicine","Oncology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4342
293 downloads
1,339 views

Aim To perform a systematic review and meta-analysis of the weekend effect on the mortality of patients with upper gastrointestinal bleeding(UGIB). Methods The review protocol has been registered in the PROSPERO International Prospective Register of Systematic...

["Emergency and Critical Care","Gastroenterology and Hepatology","Internal Medicine"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4248
170 downloads
802 views

Objective To investigate the risk factors for osteoporosis in male Taiwanese patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Methods This cross-sectional study evaluated male COPD outpatients and age-matched male subjects at a regional teaching hospital....

["Geriatrics","Internal Medicine","Nutrition","Respiratory Medicine","Metabolic Sciences"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4232
198 downloads
633 views

Background Pretreatment platelet count has been reported as a potential tool to predict survival outcome in several solid tumors. However, the predictive value of pretreatment platelet count remains obscure in de novo acute myeloid leukemia (AML) excluding acute...

["Hematology","Internal Medicine","Oncology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4139
1 citation
488 downloads
1,432 views

Background Few studies compared the diagnostic value of procalcitonin with a combination of other tests including lactate and high-sensitivity C-reactive protein in the prediction of pathogenic bacteremia in emergency department adult patients. Methods We performed...

["Emergency and Critical Care","Infectious Diseases","Internal Medicine","Pathology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4094

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