Peer-reviewed Articles - Medicine

127 downloads
519 views

Genotypic drug resistance testing has been an integral part of the clinical management of HIV patients for almost 20 years, not only assisting treatment choices but also informing drug development. Accurate estimations on the worldwide circulation of drug resistance...

["Virology","Epidemiology","Global Health","HIV","Statistics"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4848
99 downloads
502 views

Background The number of oropharyngeal lesions caused by HPV (Human papillomavirus) has been increasing worldwide in the past years. In spite of the clinical relevance of HPV infection in the anogenital tract of HIV-positive patients, the relevance of oropharynx...

["Dentistry","HIV","Immunology","Pathology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4407
182 downloads
1,200 views

Introduction Using spatial–temporal analyses to understand coverage and trends in elimination of mother-to-child transmission of HIV (e-MTCT) efforts may be helpful in ensuring timely services are delivered to the right place. We present spatial–temporal analysis...

["Epidemiology","HIV","Pediatrics","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4427
747 downloads
2,331 views

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and many public health jurisdictions continue to advocate for the most sensitive rapid HIV test that is available. Currently, the recommendation is to utilize tests that can detect HIV infection biomarkers within...

["Biotechnology","HIV","Immunology","Infectious Diseases","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4430
1 citation
245 downloads
1,053 views

Background CD4 cell count in adults with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection (PLHIV) not receiving antiretroviral therapy (ART) influences tuberculosis (TB) risk. Despite widespread use in models informing resource allocation, this relationship has not...

["Epidemiology","Global Health","HIV","Infectious Diseases","Statistics"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4165
1 citation
271 downloads
932 views

Objective The objective of this study is to conduct a systematic review of multi-scale HIV immunoepidemiological models to improve our understanding of the synergistic impact between the HIV viral-immune dynamics at the individual level and HIV transmission dynamics...

["Computational Biology","Mathematical Biology","Epidemiology","HIV","Immunology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3877
242 downloads
870 views

Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) is one of the most common human bacterial infections with prevalence rates between 10–80% depending upon geographical location, age and socioeconomic status. H. pylori is commonly found in patients complaining of dyspepsia and is...

["Gastroenterology and Hepatology","HIV"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3392
211 downloads
962 views

Background Liver disease has become an important cause of morbidity and mortality even in those HIV-infected individuals who are devoid of hepatitis virus co-infection. The aim of this study was to evaluate the degree of hepatic fibrosis and the role of associated...

["Gastroenterology and Hepatology","HIV","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2867
330 downloads
3,344 views

In 2013 approximately 37,000 people were living with HIV in Ecuador (prevalence 0.4%), representing a generalized epidemic where most new infections arise from sexual interactions in the general population. Studies that examine attitudes towards people living with...

["Global Health","Health Policy","HIV","Infectious Diseases","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2726
4 citations
452 downloads
1,571 views

Pain burden is high in people living with HIV (PLWH), but the effect of this pain on functionality is equivocal. Resilience, the ability to cope with adversity, may promote adaptation to pain, so we hypothesised that higher resilience would correlate with less...

["Anesthesiology and Pain Management","HIV","Psychiatry and Psychology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2464
3 citations
304 downloads
1,094 views

Background. Internal migration plays a significant role in China’s HIV epidemic. However, few studies have directly compared migrant men who have sex with men (MSM) with local MSM with regard to HIV/sexually transmitted infections (STIs) risks. Methods. We conducted...

["Epidemiology","HIV","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2169
270 downloads
1,139 views

Background. Despite the dramatic scale-up of antiretroviral therapy in low- and middle-income countries, tuberculosis (TB) is still the main cause of death among HIV-infected patients in resource-limited settings. Previous studies in patients with TB meningitis...

["HIV","Infectious Diseases"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2053
4 citations
505 downloads
1,632 views

Background. A culture of stringent drug policy, one-size-fits-all treatment approaches, and drug-related stigma has clouded clinical HIV practice in the United States. The result is a series of missed opportunities in the HIV care environment. An approach which...

["HIV","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.1932
3 citations
656 downloads
1,614 views

Background. Several authors have examined the risk for sexually transmitted infections (STI), but no study has yet analyzed it solely in relation with sexual behaviour in women. We analyzed the association of sexual behaviour with STI risk in female university...

["Epidemiology","HIV","Infectious Diseases","Psychiatry and Psychology","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.1699
7 citations
1,041 downloads
2,384 views

HIV prevalence in Kenya remains steady at 5.6% for adults 15 years and older, and 0.9% among children aged below 14 years. Parents and children are known to practice unprotected sex, which has implications for continued HIV spread within the country. Additionally,...

["Epidemiology","Global Health","Health Policy","HIV","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.1662

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