Peer-reviewed Articles - Medicine

46 downloads
198 views

Background The relevance of body composition (BC) to performance in sport has long been appreciated with special concern on the total and regional proportion of fat and muscle. Dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) is able to accurately measure BC, but it may...

["Global Health","Kinesiology","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5913
48 downloads
241 views

Abstract There is little evidence on maternal consumption of supplementary food on nutritional status of children. The objectives of this study were to measure the prevalence and determinants of supplementary food intake during pregnancy and lactation, and their...

["Global Health","Nutrition","Public Health","Women's Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5935
70 downloads
399 views

Background The underlying cause of death is used to study country and global mortality trends and profiles. The final cause of death could also inform the ultimately cause of death in individuals with underlying conditions. Whether there is a pattern between the...

["Epidemiology","Evidence Based Medicine","Global Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5948
60 downloads
371 views

Background We evaluated the effects of a mixed reality (MR) head-mounted deviceon some cognitiveand physiological functions during 90 min tasks in an attempt to determine their safety for workers. Methods A total of 12 volunteers performed 90-min intellectual and...

["Bioengineering","Neuroscience","Global Health","Public Health","Human-Computer Interaction"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5847
65 downloads
339 views

Abstract Heavy consumption of alcohol has shown to be associated with sleep disturbances among adult and elderly people in high income settings. So far, the relationship between alcohol drinking and sleeping pattern has not been studied in an African setting. Therefore,...

["Epidemiology","Global Health","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5750
127 downloads
555 views

Background Schizotypy is a set of personality traits that resemble the signs and symptoms of schizophrenia in the general population, and it is associated with various subclinical mental health problems, including sleep disturbances. Additionally, dimensions of...

["Cognitive Disorders","Global Health","Psychiatry and Psychology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5615
112 downloads
749 views

Background Undisputedly, traffic crashes constitute a public health concern whose impact and importance have been increasing during the past few decades. Specifically, road safety data have systematically shown how cyclists are highly vulnerable to suffering traffic...

["Global Health","Psychiatry and Psychology","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5616
84 downloads
410 views

Objective To systematically review the evidence around the effect of ambient levels of particulate and gaseous pollutants, and the risk of hospitalisation with bronchiolitis for infants under two years of age. Design Systematic review of observational epidemiological...

["Global Health","Pediatrics","Respiratory Medicine"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5352
1 citation
76 downloads
793 views

Objective To systematically review the literature and describe the discrepancies in achieving the 2009 Institute of Medicine (IOM) gestational weight gain (GWG) guidelines across cultures. Methods Ten databases were searched from inception to April 2018. Observational...

["Global Health","Gynecology and Obstetrics","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5407
134 downloads
366 views

Salmonella is one of the major foodborne pathogens worldwide. The antimicrobial resistance (AMR) of this foodborne pathogen has raised a great concern in recent years. Studies on the frequency and characterization of Salmonella serotypes can help to improve our...

["Microbiology","Epidemiology","Global Health","Infectious Diseases","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5482
116 downloads
493 views

The growth of migrant communities continues to rise globally, creating unique and complex health challenges. Literature on immigrant health in New Zealand (NZ) remains scant. This integrative literature review was conducted drawing on peer-reviewed research articles...

["Global Health","Health Policy","Infectious Diseases","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5184
88 downloads
323 views

Objective To verify self-reported basic and instrumental activities of daily living (IADL) with a disability and the results of performance-based tests (namely the Taiwan performance-based IADL (TPIADL), the 2-minute step test (2MST), the 30-second chair-stand...

["Geriatrics","Global Health","Internal Medicine","Nephrology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5286
89 downloads
436 views

Background Depression is one of the most prevalent, yet unrecognized but treatable mental disorders in low and middle income countries (LMICs). In such locations, screening tools that are easy-to-administer, valid, and reliable are needed to assist in detecting...

["Global Health","Psychiatry and Psychology","Women\u2019s Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5185
87 downloads
437 views

Background The norms for evaluating the maximum expiratory flow (MEF) usually are developed according to chronological age and height. However, to date, little research has been conducted using reference values that take into account the temporal changes of biological...

["Epidemiology","Global Health","Pediatrics","Public Health","Respiratory Medicine"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5157
1 citation
266 downloads
1,133 views

Background Obesity is a key public health problem. The advancement of gut microbiota research sheds new light on this field. This article aims to present the research trends in global intestinal microbiota studies within the domain of obesity research. Methods...

["Evidence Based Medicine","Gastroenterology and Hepatology","Global Health","Data Mining and Machine Learning","Data Science"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5091

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