Peer-reviewed Articles - Medicine

35 downloads
146 views

Background Quality of life is an important health outcome for older persons. It predicts the adverse outcomes of institutionalization and premature death. The aim of this cross-sectional study was to determine the influence of both disability in activities of daily...

["Geriatrics","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5425
39 downloads
170 views

Background Lumbar spinal stenosis (LSS) is a common cause of low back pain with degenerative spinal change in older adults. Telomeres are repetitive nucleoprotein DNA sequences of TTAGGG at the ends of chromosomes. Oxidative stress originates from an imbalance...

["Biochemistry","Geriatrics","Orthopedics"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5381
44 downloads
213 views

Objective To verify self-reported basic and instrumental activities of daily living (IADL) with a disability and the results of performance-based tests (namely the Taiwan performance-based IADL (TPIADL), the 2-minute step test (2MST), the 30-second chair-stand...

["Geriatrics","Global Health","Internal Medicine","Nephrology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5286
80 downloads
390 views

Background Alzheimer’s disease (AD) is a neurodegenerative disease that is characterized by deficits in episodic memory. It is the most common form of dementia and affects 50–70% of patients with cognitive impairments over the age of 65. Elderly people are particularly...

["Cognitive Disorders","Epidemiology","Geriatrics","Nursing","Nutrition"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5150
62 downloads
182 views

Objective MicroRNA (miR)-122 is highly expressed in the liver, where it has been implicated as a regulator of fatty-acid metabolism. A recent study reported that miR-122 plays a role in pathogenesis of atherosclerosis; however, whether it connects with severity...

["Cardiology","Geriatrics"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5218
92 downloads
522 views

Introduction The long-term use of benzodiazepines (BZD) and z-drugs in older populations is associated with a variety of sociodemographic and health-related factors. Recent studies reported that long-term BZD and z-drugs use is associated with increased age, female...

["Geriatrics","Pharmacology","Psychiatry and Psychology","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4614
208 downloads
1,990 views

Background The purpose of this study was to analyze the relationships between muscular performance consisting of a single repetition on the chair squat exercise (CSQ) and different measures of functional capacity, balance, quality of life and cognitive status in...

["Geriatrics","Kinesiology","Nursing","Science and Medical Education","Human\u2013Computer Interaction"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4712
134 downloads
528 views

Background Frailty associated with aging increases the risk of falls, disability, and death. We investigated gender-associated factors for frailty. Methods Data of 3,079 geriatric subjects were retrieved from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey...

["Geriatrics","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4326
227 downloads
911 views

Background Force platform training with functional electric stimulation aimed at improving balance may be effective in fall prevention for older adults. Aim of the study is to evaluate the effects of the visual-feedback-based force platform balance training with...

["Clinical Trials","Geriatrics"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4244
162 downloads
726 views

Objective To investigate the risk factors for osteoporosis in male Taiwanese patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Methods This cross-sectional study evaluated male COPD outpatients and age-matched male subjects at a regional teaching hospital....

["Geriatrics","Internal Medicine","Nutrition","Respiratory Medicine","Metabolic Sciences"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4232
2 citations
299 downloads
1,151 views

The purpose of this study was to investigate the benefits of exercises with different cognitive demands for cognitive functions (Executive and non-Executive) in healthy older adults. A cross-sectional design was adopted. In total, 84 healthy older adults were enrolled...

["Neuroscience","Geriatrics","Neurology","Ophthalmology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3943
658 downloads
3,169 views

Objectives Compare the immediate effects of a Neurodynamic Mobilization (NM) treatment or foam roller (FR) treatment after DOMS. Design Double blind randomised clinical trial. Setting The participants performed 100 drop jumps (5 sets of 20 repetitions, separated...

["Clinical Trials","Evidence Based Medicine","Geriatrics","Nursing","Rheumatology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3908
1 citation
154 downloads
844 views

Background Providing mobility skills training to manual wheelchair (MWC) users can have a positive impact on community participation, confidence and quality of life. Often such training is restricted or not provided at all because of the expense of, and limited...

["Clinical Trials","Geriatrics","Kinesiology","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3879
271 downloads
1,397 views

Once the general decline in muscle mass, muscle strength and physical performance falls below specific thresholds, the middle aged or older adult will be diagnosed as having sarcopenia (a loss of skeletal muscle mass and strength). Sarcopenia contributes to a range...

["Geriatrics","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3768
3 citations
334 downloads
1,713 views

Background Wii Fit was originally designed as a health and fitness interactive training experience for the general public. There are, however, many examples of Wii Fit being utilized in clinical settings. This article aims to identify the contribution of Wii Fit...

["Drugs and Devices","Geriatrics","Kinesiology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3600

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