Peer-reviewed Articles - Medicine

36 downloads
252 views

Abstract Heavy consumption of alcohol has shown to be associated with sleep disturbances among adult and elderly people in high income settings. So far, the relationship between alcohol drinking and sleeping pattern has not been studied in an African setting. Therefore,...

["Epidemiology","Global Health","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5750
27 downloads
191 views

Background Prescription pain reliever (PPR) overdoses differentially affect ‘American Indian/Alaskan Natives’ in the United States (US). Here, studying onset of extra-medical PPR use in 12-24-year-olds, we examine subgroup variations in rates of starting to use...

["Drugs and Devices","Epidemiology","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5713
33 downloads
191 views

Objective Burn wounds are a global public health problem, and a large number of casualties are caused by burns each year. In this study, we explored the epidemiological characteristics associated with burns and the factors affecting the length of hospital stay...

["Epidemiology","Pediatrics","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5740
75 downloads
1,512 views

We comment on Eichstaedt et al.’s (2015a) claim to have shown that language patterns among Twitter users, aggregated at the level of US counties, predicted county-level mortality rates from atherosclerotic heart disease (AHD), with “negative” language being associated...

["Epidemiology","Health Policy","Psychiatry and Psychology","Public Health","Statistics"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5656
148 downloads
728 views

Background Avian influenza viruses (AIVs) have been endemic in Egypt since 2006, and the co-circulation of high-pathogenic avian influenza H5N1 and low-pathogenic avian influenza H9N2 subtypes in poultry has been reported; therefore, Egypt is considered a hotspot...

["Veterinary Medicine","Virology","Epidemiology","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5473
66 downloads
251 views

Background Contextual factors may influence oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) in children. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the influence of individual and contextual determinants of OHRQoL based on the perceptions of children. Methods A...

["Dentistry","Epidemiology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5451
100 downloads
375 views

Background Extraintestinal pathogenic Escherichia coli (ExPEC) is an important bacterium and responsible for many bloodstream infections, including urinary tract infections and even fatal bacteremia. The aim of this research was to investigate whether ExPEC strains...

["Microbiology","Epidemiology","Infectious Diseases","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5470
99 downloads
305 views

Salmonella is one of the major foodborne pathogens worldwide. The antimicrobial resistance (AMR) of this foodborne pathogen has raised a great concern in recent years. Studies on the frequency and characterization of Salmonella serotypes can help to improve our...

["Microbiology","Epidemiology","Global Health","Infectious Diseases","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5482
67 downloads
649 views

Background The aim of the study was to investigate the practice and pattern of smokeless tobacco (SLT) use as well as the knowledge and perception about its ill effects among rural Bangladeshi adolescents. Methods A cross-sectional survey was conducted among students...

["Epidemiology","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5463
105 downloads
424 views

Background Nontuberculous mycobacterial (NTM) infection is increasing worldwide. Current epidemiological data and knowledge of risk factors for this disease are limited. We investigated the trends in and risk of NTM infection in Northeast Thailand during 2012–2016....

["Epidemiology","Infectious Diseases","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5479
94 downloads
303 views

Purpose This study aims to assess the microbiological profile, antimicrobial susceptibility and adequacy of intravenous ceftriaxone and metronidazole as empirical therapy for surgical patients presenting with complicated intra-abdominal infection. Methods This...

["Epidemiology","Infectious Diseases","Surgery and Surgical Specialties"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5383
55 downloads
551 views

Background The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between chronic periodontitis (CP) and upper urinary tract stone (UUTS) in Taiwan by using a population-based data set. Methods A total of 16,292 CP patients and 48,876 randomly-selected controls...

["Dentistry","Epidemiology","Public Health","Urology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5287
97 downloads
830 views

Genome sequencing is rapidly being adopted in reference labs and hospitals for bacterial outbreak investigation and diagnostics where time is critical. Seven gene multi-locus sequence typing is a standard tool for broadly classifying samples into sequence types...

["Bioinformatics","Microbiology","Epidemiology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5233
59 downloads
263 views

Background Medicare is one of the world’s largest health insurance programs. It provides health insurance to nearly 44 million beneficiaries whose entitlements are based on age, disability, or end-stage renal disease (ESRD). Data of these ESRD beneficiaries are...

["Epidemiology","Health Policy","Nephrology","Public Health","Statistics"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5284
82 downloads
984 views

Objectives To assess the prevalence and extent of chronic periodontitis, and its risk factors in a Portuguese subpopulation referred to periodontal examination. Methods This retrospective cross-sectional study used a subset of data from patients who sought dental...

["Dentistry","Epidemiology","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5258

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