Peer-reviewed Articles - Medicine

20 downloads
171 views

Background Scarlet fever is recognized as being a major public health issue owing to its increase in notifications in mainland China, and an advanced response based on forecasting techniques is being adopted to tackle this. Here, we construct a new hybrid method...

["Mathematical Biology","Epidemiology","Health Policy","Infectious Diseases","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.6165
53 downloads
149 views

Background Skin cancer incidence has increased over the last years, becoming a major public health problem. Objective To describe the awareness, behavior and attitudes concerning sun exposure among beachgoers in the northern coast of Peru. Methods We conducted...

["Dermatology","Epidemiology","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.6189
25 downloads
191 views

In a previous report, we explored the serverless OpenHealth approach to the Web as a Global Compute space. That approach relies on the modern browser full stack, and, in particular, its configuration for application assembly by code injection. The opportunity,...

["Bioinformatics","Epidemiology","Public Health","Computational Science","Data Science"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.6230
37 downloads
107 views

Background The US mainland is experiencing an epidemic of opioid overdoses. Unfortunately, the US Territories (Guam, Puerto Rico, and the Virgin Islands) have often been overlooked in opioid pharmacoepidemiology research. This study examined common prescription...

["Drugs and Devices","Epidemiology","Health Policy","Pharmacology","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.6272
43 downloads
192 views

Background Epidemiological surveillance of HIV infection in Japan involves two technical problems for directly applying a classical backcalculation method, i.e., (i) all AIDS cases are not counted over time and (ii) people diagnosed with HIV have received antiretroviral...

["Epidemiology","HIV","Infectious Diseases","Public Health","Statistics"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.6275
31 downloads
287 views

Background Among over 100 types of Herpesviridae viruses, eight can infect humans: herpes simplex viruses (HSV-1, HSV-2), varicella zoster virus (VZV), cytomegalovirus (CMV), Epstein-Barr virus (EBV), and human herpesviruses 6, 7, and 8 (HHV-6, HHV-7, HHV-8). After...

["Epidemiology","Infectious Diseases","Neurology","Pathology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.6095
42 downloads
296 views

The aim of this study is to understand the role that the movement patterns of pigs, cattle and buffalo play in the spread of foot-and-mouth disease (FMD). A cross-sectional survey consisting of a questionnaire was used in a hotspot area for FMD: Xayabouli Province,...

["Veterinary Medicine","Epidemiology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.6177
41 downloads
164 views

Treponema pallidum subsp. pallidum is the causative agent of syphilis, a sexually transmitted disease with worldwide prevalence. Several different molecular typing schemes are currently available for this pathogen. To enable population biology studies of the syphilis...

["Microbiology","Epidemiology","Infectious Diseases"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.6182
31 downloads
116 views

Background Dyslipidemia contributes to the risk of many diseases, including stroke, cardiovascular disease and metabolic-related diseases. Previous studies have indicated that single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) are associated with different levels of serum...

["Biochemistry","Genetics","Epidemiology","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.6175
55 downloads
302 views

Introduction The zoonotic malaria parasite Plasmodium knowlesi has currently become the most dominant form of infection in humans in Malaysia and is an emerging infectious disease in most Southeast Asian countries. The P41 is a merozoite surface protein belonging...

["Genetics","Parasitology","Epidemiology","Infectious Diseases","Population Biology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.6141
39 downloads
239 views

Background Maternal obesity and physical inactivity have been identified as correlates of overweight and obesity and physical inactivity in older preadolescents; however, no study has explored this relationship in Hispanic preadolescents. Furthermore, the relation...

["Epidemiology","Pediatrics","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.6100
98 downloads
307 views

Background It is plausible that the routine immunization among infants using pneumococcal conjugate vaccine 13 (PCV13) from 2013 and among the elderly using pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccine 23 (PPV23) from 2014 contributed to reducing the pneumonia mortality...

["Epidemiology","Infectious Diseases","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.6085
50 downloads
221 views

Background Host factors, including host genetic variation, have been shown to influence the outcome of Plasmodium falciparum infection. Genome-wide linkage studies have mapped mild malaria resistance genes on chromosome 6p21, whereas NCR3-412 polymorphism (rs2736191)...

["Genetics","Epidemiology","Infectious Diseases"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.6048
54 downloads
351 views

Background Ebola Virus Disease (EVD) is a highly infectious disease that has produced over 25,000 cases in the past 50 years. While many past outbreaks resulted in relatively few cases, the 2014 outbreak in West Africa was the most deadly occurrence of EVD to date,...

["Epidemiology","Infectious Diseases","Statistics"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5888
88 downloads
449 views

Background The underlying cause of death is used to study country and global mortality trends and profiles. The final cause of death could also inform the ultimately cause of death in individuals with underlying conditions. Whether there is a pattern between the...

["Epidemiology","Evidence Based Medicine","Global Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5948

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