Peer-reviewed Articles - Medicine

39 downloads
186 views

Background Nontuberculous mycobacterial (NTM) infection is increasing worldwide. Current epidemiological data and knowledge of risk factors for this disease are limited. We investigated the trends in and risk of NTM infection in Northeast Thailand during 2012–2016....

["Epidemiology","Infectious Diseases","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5479
23 downloads
111 views

Purpose This study aims to assess the microbiological profile, antimicrobial susceptibility and adequacy of intravenous ceftriaxone and metronidazole as empirical therapy for surgical patients presenting with complicated intra-abdominal infection. Methods This...

["Epidemiology","Infectious Diseases","Surgery and Surgical Specialties"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5383
26 downloads
462 views

Background The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between chronic periodontitis (CP) and upper urinary tract stone (UUTS) in Taiwan by using a population-based data set. Methods A total of 16,292 CP patients and 48,876 randomly-selected controls...

["Dentistry","Epidemiology","Public Health","Urology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5287
58 downloads
576 views

Genome sequencing is rapidly being adopted in reference labs and hospitals for bacterial outbreak investigation and diagnostics where time is critical. Seven gene multi-locus sequence typing is a standard tool for broadly classifying samples into sequence types...

["Bioinformatics","Microbiology","Epidemiology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5233
34 downloads
173 views

Background Medicare is one of the world’s largest health insurance programs. It provides health insurance to nearly 44 million beneficiaries whose entitlements are based on age, disability, or end-stage renal disease (ESRD). Data of these ESRD beneficiaries are...

["Epidemiology","Health Policy","Nephrology","Public Health","Statistics"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5284
42 downloads
759 views

Objectives To assess the prevalence and extent of chronic periodontitis, and its risk factors in a Portuguese subpopulation referred to periodontal examination. Methods This retrospective cross-sectional study used a subset of data from patients who sought dental...

["Dentistry","Epidemiology","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5258
353 downloads
363 views

Managing injury risk requires an understanding of how and when athletes sustain certain injuries. Such information guides organisations in establishing evidence-based priorities and expectations for managing injury risk. In order to minimise the impact of sports...

["Epidemiology","Health Policy","Pathology","Public Health","Data Science"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4895
83 downloads
263 views

Background Dengue is a major and rapidly increasing public health problem. In Argentina, the southern extreme of its distribution in the Americas, epidemic transmission takes place during the warm season. Since its re-emergence in 1998 two major outbreaks have...

["Ecology","Epidemiology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5196
50 downloads
288 views

Background The norms for evaluating the maximum expiratory flow (MEF) usually are developed according to chronological age and height. However, to date, little research has been conducted using reference values that take into account the temporal changes of biological...

["Epidemiology","Global Health","Pediatrics","Public Health","Respiratory Medicine"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5157
53 downloads
318 views

Background The Internet is widely used as a source of information by people searching for medical or healthcare information. However, information found on the Internet has several drawbacks, and the ability to consume accurate health information on the Internet...

["Epidemiology","Public Health","Science and Medical Education"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5251
64 downloads
342 views

Objective The study objective is to analyze influenza vaccination status by demographic factors, perceived vaccine efficacy, social influence, herd immunity, vaccine cost, health insurance status, and barriers to influenza vaccination among adults 18 years and...

["Epidemiology","Infectious Diseases","Public Health","Statistics"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5171
176 downloads
2,430 views

Background Insomnia is common. However, no systematic reviews have examined the effect of exercise on patients with primary and secondary insomnia, defined as both sleep disruption and daytime impairment. This systematic review and meta-analysis aimed to examine...

["Epidemiology","Evidence Based Medicine","Psychiatry and Psychology","Statistics"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5172
80 downloads
390 views

Background Alzheimer’s disease (AD) is a neurodegenerative disease that is characterized by deficits in episodic memory. It is the most common form of dementia and affects 50–70% of patients with cognitive impairments over the age of 65. Elderly people are particularly...

["Cognitive Disorders","Epidemiology","Geriatrics","Nursing","Nutrition"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5150
67 downloads
859 views

Background Age and breed are considered the greatest risk factors for disease prevalence and mortality in companion dogs. Understanding the prevalence of diseases, in relation to age and breed, would support appropriate guidance for future health care strategies...

["Veterinary Medicine","Epidemiology","Evidence Based Medicine"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5161
75 downloads
2,150 views

Background The factors influencing pubertal timing have gained much attention due to a secular trend toward earlier pubertal onset in many countries. However, no studies have investigated the association between the Great earthquake and early puberty. We aimed...

["Epidemiology","Pediatrics","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5085

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