Peer-reviewed Articles - Medicine

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Many reports have mentioned the association between chronic periodontitis (CP) and primary Sjögren syndrome (pSS). However, no cohort study has been performed for the risk of pSS in patients with CP. In this study, we evaluated the risk of pSS from CP exposure...

["Dentistry","Epidemiology","Immunology","Public Health","Rheumatology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5109
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1 view

Background Biological interactions between varicella (chickenpox) and herpes zoster (shingles), two diseases caused by the varicella zoster virus (VZV), continue to be debated including the potential effect on shingles cases following the introduction of universal...

["Computational Biology","Epidemiology","Infectious Diseases","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5012
22 downloads
201 views

Background Although water and sanitation are considered human rights, worldwide approximately three of 10 people (2.1 billion) do not have access to safe drinking water. In 2016, 5.6 million students were enrolled in the 34% of Brazilian schools located in rural...

["Epidemiology","Public Health","Natural Resource Management","Environmental Contamination and Remediation"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4993
36 downloads
526 views

Background Among agricultural workers, especially in the seasonal migratory ones, housing and hygiene related issues, occupational accidents, low levels of education, poverty and absence of social security problems emerge as significant public health problems....

["Agricultural Science","Epidemiology","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4952
90 downloads
420 views

Background Participation rate is one of the main challenges medical researchers face. We examined how demographic background and trust in medical research affect the willingness of people to participate in medical research in Taiwan. Methods Data from the 2011...

["Epidemiology","Health Policy","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4874
56 downloads
280 views

Genotypic drug resistance testing has been an integral part of the clinical management of HIV patients for almost 20 years, not only assisting treatment choices but also informing drug development. Accurate estimations on the worldwide circulation of drug resistance...

["Virology","Epidemiology","Global Health","HIV","Statistics"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4848
56 downloads
903 views

Background Epidemiologic data supporting the epilepsy–asthma association are insufficient. Therefore, we examined this association in this study. Methods By using claims data from the National Health Insurance Research Database (Taiwan), we executed a retrospective...

["Epidemiology","Immunology","Internal Medicine","Neurology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4792
134 downloads
1,190 views

Outbreaks of coral diseases continue to reduce global coral populations. In the Caribbean, yellow band is a severe and wide-spread disease that commonly affects corals of the Orbicella spp. complex, significantly impeding coral reproduction, and hindering the natural...

["Marine Biology","Zoology","Epidemiology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4800
72 downloads
425 views

Background Periodontitis is associated with increased concentration of inflammatory markers and saliva has been proposed as a non-invasive diagnostic fluid in oral and systemic diseases. The levels of salivary biomarkers, such as cytokines, could potentially be...

["Dentistry","Epidemiology","Immunology","Nursing"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4710
78 downloads
319 views

Background In China, there is insufficient evidence to support that screening programs can detect breast cancer earlier and improve outcomes compared with patient self-reporting. Therefore, we compared the pathological characteristics at diagnosis between self-detected...

["Epidemiology","Pathology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4567
1 citation
155 downloads
531 views

Background Haemophilus parasuis is a common porcine respiratory pathogen that causes high rates of morbidity and mortality in farmed swine. We performed a molecular characterization of antimicrobial resistance genes harbored by H. parasuis from pig farms in China....

["Microbiology","Molecular Biology","Epidemiology","Statistics"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4613
64 downloads
384 views

Animal borne rabies virus is a source of infection in humans, and raccoons (Procyon lotor) are the primary terrestrial reservoir in West Virginia (WV). To assess the behavior and status of raccoon variant rabies virus (RRV) cases in WV, a longitudinal analysis...

["Veterinary Medicine","Epidemiology","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4574
1 citation
168 downloads
674 views

Background A Rohingya refugee camp in Cox’s Bazar, Bangladesh experienced a large-scale diphtheria epidemic in 2017. The background information of previously immune fraction among refugees cannot be explicitly estimated, and thus we conducted an uncertainty analysis...

["Computational Biology","Mathematical Biology","Epidemiology","Global Health","Infectious Diseases"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4583
72 downloads
282 views

Background Renal biopsies performed in diabetic patients are increasing and becoming more complex. Comprehensive data on modern spectrum of biopsy-proven renal disease in Chinese diabetic patients are lacking. Methods In a nationwide renal biopsy survey including...

["Diabetes and Endocrinology","Epidemiology","Nephrology","Pathology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4522
99 downloads
402 views

Porcine circovirus 2 (PCV2) has been prevalent in swine herds in China since 2002, causing severe economic loss to the pig industry. The number of live pigs in southeast China is > 20 million. Since information on the genetic variation of PCV2 in the Fujian province...

["Veterinary Medicine","Epidemiology","Infectious Diseases"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4476

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