Peer-reviewed Articles - Medicine

40 downloads
1,207 views

Background The Stroop test is frequently used to assess deficits in inhibitory control in people with multiple sclerosis (MS). This test has limitations and antisaccade eye movements, that also measure inhibitory control, may be an alternative to Stroop. Objectives...

["Cognitive Disorders","Neurology","Ophthalmology","Psychiatry and Psychology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5737
53 downloads
289 views

Dysfunction of the N-methyl-d-aspartate receptor (NMDAR) is thought to play a role in the pathophysiology of neurodevelopmental diseases like schizophrenia. To study the effects of NMDAR dysfunction on synaptic transmission and network oscillations, we used hippocampal...

["Bioengineering","Neuroscience","Cognitive Disorders","Psychiatry and Psychology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5543
61 downloads
588 views

Individuals with Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) are often characterized by deficits in working memory (WM), which manifest in academic, professional, and mental health difficulties. To better understand the underlying mechanisms of these presumed...

["Neuroscience","Cognitive Disorders","Psychiatry and Psychology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5601
62 downloads
441 views

Background Schizotypy is a set of personality traits that resemble the signs and symptoms of schizophrenia in the general population, and it is associated with various subclinical mental health problems, including sleep disturbances. Additionally, dimensions of...

["Cognitive Disorders","Global Health","Psychiatry and Psychology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5615
80 downloads
503 views

Introduction Assessment of episodic memory is traditionally used to evaluate potential cognitive impairments in senior adults. The present article discusses the capabilities of Episodix, a game to assess the aforementioned cognitive area, as a valid tool to discriminate...

["Bioengineering","Bioinformatics","Cognitive Disorders","Geriatrics","Neurology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5478
82 downloads
376 views

Background A robust feature of sensorimotor synchronization (SMS) performance in finger tapping to an auditory pacing signal is the negative asynchrony of the tap with respect to the pacing signal. The Paillard–Fraisse hypothesis suggests that negative asynchrony...

["Cognitive Disorders","Psychiatry and Psychology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5242
125 downloads
544 views

Background Alzheimer’s disease (AD) is a neurodegenerative disease that is characterized by deficits in episodic memory. It is the most common form of dementia and affects 50–70% of patients with cognitive impairments over the age of 65. Elderly people are particularly...

["Cognitive Disorders","Epidemiology","Geriatrics","Nursing","Nutrition"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5150
94 downloads
548 views

Objective Cannabis, like other substances, negatively affects health, inducing respiratory problems and mental and cognitive alterations. Memory and learning disorders, as well as executive dysfunctions, are also neuropsychological disorders associated to cannabis...

["Neuroscience","Cognitive Disorders","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5201
85 downloads
369 views

Depressive disorders (DD) are known to be associated with increased DNA damage, the impairment of DNA damage repair, and the presence of single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in DNA damage repair genes. Some indirect evidence also suggests that uracil metabolism...

["Genetics","Cognitive Disorders","Pharmacology","Psychiatry and Psychology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5116
1 citation
165 downloads
766 views

The present study comprises the synthesis of a new series of sulfonamides derived from 4-methoxyphenethylamine (1). The synthesis was initiated by the reaction of 1 with 4-methylbenzenesulfonyl chloride (2) in aqueous sodium carbonate solution at pH 9 to yield...

["Bioinformatics","Neuroscience","Cognitive Disorders","Drugs and Devices"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4962
124 downloads
586 views

When the task is reading nonwords aloud, skilled adult readers are very variable in the responses they produce: a nonword can evoke as many as 24 different responses in a group of such readers. Why is nonword reading so variable? We analysed a large database of...

["Cognitive Disorders","Psychiatry and Psychology","Computational Science"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4879
240 downloads
866 views

Background Alzheimer’ disease (AD) is an ultimately fatal degenerative brain disorder that has an increasingly large burden on health and social care systems. There are only five drugs for AD on the market, and no new effective medicines have been discovered for...

["Bioinformatics","Computational Biology","Cognitive Disorders"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4756
1 citation
143 downloads
639 views

Background Beyond its traditional uses in the Balkan area, Sideritis scardica (known as Greek mountain tea, Lamiaceae) is currently extensively investigated for its pharmacological activity in the central nervous system. Antidepressant, psychostimulating, cognition-enhancing...

["Cognitive Disorders","Drugs and Devices","Pharmacology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4683
196 downloads
687 views

Objective The benefits of exercise on brain health is well known in aging and psychiatric populations. However, the relationship between habitual exercise in young and healthy adults remains unclear. This study explored the effects an eight-week exercise prescription...

["Neuroscience","Cognitive Disorders","Kinesiology","Psychiatry and Psychology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4675
177 downloads
7,023 views

Objective In the media, numerous public figures have reported involuntary emotional outbursts arising from watching films on planes, resembling neurological phenomena such as pseudobulbar affect. Putative risk factors put forward include altitude, mild hypoxia,...

["Cognitive Disorders","Neurology","Otorhinolaryngology","Psychiatry and Psychology","Science and Medical Education"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4569

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