Peer-reviewed Articles - Medicine

52 downloads
228 views

Background A robust feature of sensorimotor synchronization (SMS) performance in finger tapping to an auditory pacing signal is the negative asynchrony of the tap with respect to the pacing signal. The Paillard–Fraisse hypothesis suggests that negative asynchrony...

["Cognitive Disorders","Psychiatry and Psychology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5242
80 downloads
390 views

Background Alzheimer’s disease (AD) is a neurodegenerative disease that is characterized by deficits in episodic memory. It is the most common form of dementia and affects 50–70% of patients with cognitive impairments over the age of 65. Elderly people are particularly...

["Cognitive Disorders","Epidemiology","Geriatrics","Nursing","Nutrition"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5150
62 downloads
368 views

Objective Cannabis, like other substances, negatively affects health, inducing respiratory problems and mental and cognitive alterations. Memory and learning disorders, as well as executive dysfunctions, are also neuropsychological disorders associated to cannabis...

["Neuroscience","Cognitive Disorders","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5201
64 downloads
277 views

Depressive disorders (DD) are known to be associated with increased DNA damage, the impairment of DNA damage repair, and the presence of single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in DNA damage repair genes. Some indirect evidence also suggests that uracil metabolism...

["Genetics","Cognitive Disorders","Pharmacology","Psychiatry and Psychology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5116
135 downloads
654 views

The present study comprises the synthesis of a new series of sulfonamides derived from 4-methoxyphenethylamine (1). The synthesis was initiated by the reaction of 1 with 4-methylbenzenesulfonyl chloride (2) in aqueous sodium carbonate solution at pH 9 to yield...

["Bioinformatics","Neuroscience","Cognitive Disorders","Drugs and Devices"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4962
91 downloads
458 views

When the task is reading nonwords aloud, skilled adult readers are very variable in the responses they produce: a nonword can evoke as many as 24 different responses in a group of such readers. Why is nonword reading so variable? We analysed a large database of...

["Cognitive Disorders","Psychiatry and Psychology","Computational Science"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4879
179 downloads
756 views

Background Alzheimer’ disease (AD) is an ultimately fatal degenerative brain disorder that has an increasingly large burden on health and social care systems. There are only five drugs for AD on the market, and no new effective medicines have been discovered for...

["Bioinformatics","Computational Biology","Cognitive Disorders"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4756
1 citation
116 downloads
531 views

Background Beyond its traditional uses in the Balkan area, Sideritis scardica (known as Greek mountain tea, Lamiaceae) is currently extensively investigated for its pharmacological activity in the central nervous system. Antidepressant, psychostimulating, cognition-enhancing...

["Cognitive Disorders","Drugs and Devices","Pharmacology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4683
142 downloads
582 views

Objective The benefits of exercise on brain health is well known in aging and psychiatric populations. However, the relationship between habitual exercise in young and healthy adults remains unclear. This study explored the effects an eight-week exercise prescription...

["Neuroscience","Cognitive Disorders","Kinesiology","Psychiatry and Psychology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4675
141 downloads
6,719 views

Objective In the media, numerous public figures have reported involuntary emotional outbursts arising from watching films on planes, resembling neurological phenomena such as pseudobulbar affect. Putative risk factors put forward include altitude, mild hypoxia,...

["Cognitive Disorders","Neurology","Otorhinolaryngology","Psychiatry and Psychology","Science and Medical Education"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4569
1 citation
110 downloads
843 views

Background Research on adults points to personality as a crucial determinant of well-being. The present study investigates the question of personality’s relation to well-being and psychosocial adjustment in adolescence. Methods We assessed the role of temperament...

["Cognitive Disorders","Psychiatry and Psychology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4484
132 downloads
745 views

Performance on the Embedded Figures Test (EFT) has been interpreted as a reflection of local/global perceptual style, weak central coherence and/or field independence, as well as a measure of intelligence and executive function. The variable ways in which EFT findings...

["Cognitive Disorders","Psychiatry and Psychology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4524
4 citations
246 downloads
1,274 views

Background It has been suggested that failure to establish cerebral lateralisation may be related to developmental language disorder (DLD). There has been weak support for any link with handedness, but more consistent reports of associations with functional brain...

["Neuroscience","Cognitive Disorders","Psychiatry and Psychology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4217
1 citation
217 downloads
1,028 views

Major depressive disorder (MDD) is highly prevalent, recurrent, and associated with functional impairment, morbidity, and mortality. Herein, we aimed to identify disruptions in functional connectomics among subjects with MDD by using resting-state functional magnetic...

["Neuroscience","Cognitive Disorders","Neurology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3147
189 downloads
993 views

Background The present study investigated differences in reading and spelling outcomes in Dutch and English as a second language (ESL) in adolescents with a high familial risk of dyslexia, of whom some have developed dyslexia (HRDys) while others have not (HRnonDys),...

["Cognitive Disorders","Psychiatry and Psychology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3895

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