Peer-reviewed Articles - Medicine

62 downloads
292 views

Working memory impairment is a common cognitive dysfunction after traumatic brain injury (TBI), which severely affects the quality of life of patients. Acetylcholine is a neurotransmitter which is closely related to cognitive functions. In addition, epigenetic...

["Cognitive Disorders","Neurology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.6113
63 downloads
487 views

Background Cognitive dysfunction in fibromyalgia (FM) encompasses objective cognitive difficulties, as measured in neuropsychological tests, and self-reported cognitive complaints. Although it has been suggested that FM patients display problems in working memory,...

["Neuroscience","Cognitive Disorders","Psychiatry and Psychology","Rheumatology","Women\u2019s Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5907
49 downloads
229 views

This study investigated the potential role of sex and handedness on the performance of a computerised Wisconsin Card Sorting Test (WCST) in healthy participants by applying functional near-infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS). We demonstrated significant (p < 0.05) sex-related...

["Neuroscience","Cognitive Disorders","Psychiatry and Psychology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5890
127 downloads
422 views

Background The present study builds on previous research which explored the relationship between mentalizing and eating disorders (ED) in a subgroup of patients with comorbid self-harm (SH). Whereas previous literature had linked this comorbidity to impulse-control...

["Clinical Trials","Cognitive Disorders","Evidence Based Medicine","Nutrition","Psychiatry and Psychology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5756
75 downloads
1,642 views

Background The Stroop test is frequently used to assess deficits in inhibitory control in people with multiple sclerosis (MS). This test has limitations and antisaccade eye movements, that also measure inhibitory control, may be an alternative to Stroop. Objectives...

["Cognitive Disorders","Neurology","Ophthalmology","Psychiatry and Psychology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5737
91 downloads
440 views

Dysfunction of the N-methyl-d-aspartate receptor (NMDAR) is thought to play a role in the pathophysiology of neurodevelopmental diseases like schizophrenia. To study the effects of NMDAR dysfunction on synaptic transmission and network oscillations, we used hippocampal...

["Bioengineering","Neuroscience","Cognitive Disorders","Psychiatry and Psychology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5543
98 downloads
752 views

Individuals with Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) are often characterized by deficits in working memory (WM), which manifest in academic, professional, and mental health difficulties. To better understand the underlying mechanisms of these presumed...

["Neuroscience","Cognitive Disorders","Psychiatry and Psychology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5601
169 downloads
601 views

Background Schizotypy is a set of personality traits that resemble the signs and symptoms of schizophrenia in the general population, and it is associated with various subclinical mental health problems, including sleep disturbances. Additionally, dimensions of...

["Cognitive Disorders","Global Health","Psychiatry and Psychology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5615
137 downloads
674 views

Introduction Assessment of episodic memory is traditionally used to evaluate potential cognitive impairments in senior adults. The present article discusses the capabilities of Episodix, a game to assess the aforementioned cognitive area, as a valid tool to discriminate...

["Bioengineering","Bioinformatics","Cognitive Disorders","Geriatrics","Neurology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5478
103 downloads
460 views

Background A robust feature of sensorimotor synchronization (SMS) performance in finger tapping to an auditory pacing signal is the negative asynchrony of the tap with respect to the pacing signal. The Paillard–Fraisse hypothesis suggests that negative asynchrony...

["Cognitive Disorders","Psychiatry and Psychology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5242
198 downloads
695 views

Background Alzheimer’s disease (AD) is a neurodegenerative disease that is characterized by deficits in episodic memory. It is the most common form of dementia and affects 50–70% of patients with cognitive impairments over the age of 65. Elderly people are particularly...

["Cognitive Disorders","Epidemiology","Geriatrics","Nursing","Nutrition"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5150
1 citation
130 downloads
703 views

Objective Cannabis, like other substances, negatively affects health, inducing respiratory problems and mental and cognitive alterations. Memory and learning disorders, as well as executive dysfunctions, are also neuropsychological disorders associated to cannabis...

["Neuroscience","Cognitive Disorders","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5201
108 downloads
449 views

Depressive disorders (DD) are known to be associated with increased DNA damage, the impairment of DNA damage repair, and the presence of single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in DNA damage repair genes. Some indirect evidence also suggests that uracil metabolism...

["Genetics","Cognitive Disorders","Pharmacology","Psychiatry and Psychology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5116
2 citations
223 downloads
867 views

The present study comprises the synthesis of a new series of sulfonamides derived from 4-methoxyphenethylamine (1). The synthesis was initiated by the reaction of 1 with 4-methylbenzenesulfonyl chloride (2) in aqueous sodium carbonate solution at pH 9 to yield...

["Bioinformatics","Neuroscience","Cognitive Disorders","Drugs and Devices"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4962
1 citation
166 downloads
748 views

When the task is reading nonwords aloud, skilled adult readers are very variable in the responses they produce: a nonword can evoke as many as 24 different responses in a group of such readers. Why is nonword reading so variable? We analysed a large database of...

["Cognitive Disorders","Psychiatry and Psychology","Computational Science"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4879

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