Peer-reviewed Articles - Medicine

53 downloads
247 views

When the task is reading nonwords aloud, skilled adult readers are very variable in the responses they produce: a nonword can evoke as many as 24 different responses in a group of such readers. Why is nonword reading so variable? We analysed a large database of...

["Cognitive Disorders","Psychiatry and Psychology","Computational Science"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4879
135 downloads
473 views

Background Alzheimer’ disease (AD) is an ultimately fatal degenerative brain disorder that has an increasingly large burden on health and social care systems. There are only five drugs for AD on the market, and no new effective medicines have been discovered for...

["Bioinformatics","Computational Biology","Cognitive Disorders"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4756
82 downloads
322 views

Background Beyond its traditional uses in the Balkan area, Sideritis scardica (known as Greek mountain tea, Lamiaceae) is currently extensively investigated for its pharmacological activity in the central nervous system. Antidepressant, psychostimulating, cognition-enhancing...

["Cognitive Disorders","Drugs and Devices","Pharmacology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4683
106 downloads
409 views

Objective The benefits of exercise on brain health is well known in aging and psychiatric populations. However, the relationship between habitual exercise in young and healthy adults remains unclear. This study explored the effects an eight-week exercise prescription...

["Neuroscience","Cognitive Disorders","Kinesiology","Psychiatry and Psychology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4675
119 downloads
1,707 views

Objective In the media, numerous public figures have reported involuntary emotional outbursts arising from watching films on planes, resembling neurological phenomena such as pseudobulbar affect. Putative risk factors put forward include altitude, mild hypoxia,...

["Cognitive Disorders","Neurology","Otorhinolaryngology","Psychiatry and Psychology","Science and Medical Education"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4569
1 citation
88 downloads
686 views

Background Research on adults points to personality as a crucial determinant of well-being. The present study investigates the question of personality’s relation to well-being and psychosocial adjustment in adolescence. Methods We assessed the role of temperament...

["Cognitive Disorders","Psychiatry and Psychology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4484
95 downloads
529 views

Performance on the Embedded Figures Test (EFT) has been interpreted as a reflection of local/global perceptual style, weak central coherence and/or field independence, as well as a measure of intelligence and executive function. The variable ways in which EFT findings...

["Cognitive Disorders","Psychiatry and Psychology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4524
3 citations
205 downloads
1,037 views

Background It has been suggested that failure to establish cerebral lateralisation may be related to developmental language disorder (DLD). There has been weak support for any link with handedness, but more consistent reports of associations with functional brain...

["Neuroscience","Cognitive Disorders","Psychiatry and Psychology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4217
1 citation
201 downloads
855 views

Major depressive disorder (MDD) is highly prevalent, recurrent, and associated with functional impairment, morbidity, and mortality. Herein, we aimed to identify disruptions in functional connectomics among subjects with MDD by using resting-state functional magnetic...

["Neuroscience","Cognitive Disorders","Neurology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3147
174 downloads
799 views

Background The present study investigated differences in reading and spelling outcomes in Dutch and English as a second language (ESL) in adolescents with a high familial risk of dyslexia, of whom some have developed dyslexia (HRDys) while others have not (HRnonDys),...

["Cognitive Disorders","Psychiatry and Psychology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3895
1 citation
142 downloads
580 views

Background Cocaine use disorder (CUD) is a complex health condition, especially when it is accompanied by comorbid psychiatric disorders (dual diagnosis). Dual diagnosis is associated with difficulties in the stratification and treatment of patients. One of the...

["Cognitive Disorders","Neurology","Psychiatry and Psychology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3926
174 downloads
644 views

Background We investigated EEG rhythms, particularly alpha activity, and their relationship to post-stroke neuropathology and cognitive functions in the subacute and chronic stages of minor strokes. Methods We included 10 patients with right middle cerebral artery...

["Cognitive Disorders","Neurology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3839
192 downloads
913 views

Objective An acquired brain injury (ABI) is a challenge for an individual’s quality of life (QOL). In several chronic illnesses acceptance has been found to be associated with a better health-related quality of life. This study investigated whether this relationship...

["Cognitive Disorders","Neurology","Psychiatry and Psychology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3545
1 citation
255 downloads
1,435 views

Introduction Assessment of episodic memory has been traditionally used to evaluate potential cognitive impairments in senior adults. Typically, episodic memory evaluation is based on personal interviews and pen-and-paper tests. This article presents the design,...

["Neuroscience","Cognitive Disorders","Neurology","Human-Computer Interaction"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3508
1 citation
305 downloads
1,496 views

Background In Burkina Faso, it is not uncommon for mothers to drink alcohol, even during pregnancy. We aimed to study the association between maternal alcohol consumption during pregnancy and the child’s cognitive performance using the Kaufman Assessment Battery...

["Neuroscience","Cognitive Disorders","Epidemiology","Psychiatry and Psychology","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3507

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