Peer-reviewed Articles - Medicine

104 downloads
1,370 views

Introduction Cigarette smoking by surgical patients is associated with increased complications. E-cigarettes have emerged as a potential smoking cessation tool. We sought to determine the feasibility and acceptability of e-cigarettes, compared to nicotine patch,...

["Anesthesiology and Pain Management","Clinical Trials","Public Health","Respiratory Medicine","Surgery and Surgical Specialties"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5609
153 downloads
677 views

The Autonomous Sensory Meridian Response (ASMR) is a tingling, almost euphoric, sensation often elicited following certain visual or auditory stimulations (Barratt & Davis, 2015). Despite considerable media attention, little empirical work has investigated the...

["Neuroscience","Anesthesiology and Pain Management","Psychiatry and Psychology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5229
113 downloads
715 views

Background When suffering from chronic pain, attempts to control or avoid pain often compete with other daily activities. Engaging in one activity excludes engaging in another, equally valued activity, which is referred to as “goal conflict.” As yet, the presence...

["Anesthesiology and Pain Management","Psychiatry and Psychology","Public Health","Translational Medicine"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5272
287 downloads
8,236 views

Background Blinding is critical to clinical trials because it allows for separation of specific intervention effects from bias, by equalising all factors between groups except for the proposed mechanism of action. Absent or inadequate blinding in clinical trials...

["Anesthesiology and Pain Management","Clinical Trials","Evidence Based Medicine"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5318
742 downloads
8,236 views

Background Experimental and clinical evidence support a link between body representations and pain. This proof-of-concept study in people with painful knee osteoarthritis (OA) aimed to determine if: (i) visuotactile illusions that manipulate perceived knee size...

["Neuroscience","Anesthesiology and Pain Management","Orthopedics","Psychiatry and Psychology","Rheumatology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5206
93 downloads
504 views

Background Angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors (ACEi) and angiotensin receptor blockers (ARB) are the most commonly prescribed antihypertensive medications in higher-risk surgical patients. However, there is no clinical consensus on their use in the perioperative...

["Anesthesiology and Pain Management","Surgery and Surgical Specialties","Ethical Issues"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5061
164 downloads
921 views

Background Obesity is a possible factor which affects severity of symptoms and disease activity in fibromyalgia syndrome (FMS). The aim of our study was to determine the association between body mass index (BMI) and pain, tender point count (TPC), disease activity,...

["Anesthesiology and Pain Management","Public Health","Rheumatology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4917
240 downloads
548 views

Estimating the depth of anaesthesia (DoA) in operations has always been a challenging issue due to the underlying complexity of the brain mechanisms. Electroencephalogram (EEG) signals are undoubtedly the most widely used signals for measuring DoA. In this paper,...

["Anesthesiology and Pain Management","Statistics","Computational Science"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4817
114 downloads
554 views

Objectives Osteoarthritis (OA) and vitamin D deficiency are common health conditions in older people. Whether vitamin D concentration is associated with knee OA is controversial. In this study, we aimed to determine the association between serum concentrations...

["Anesthesiology and Pain Management","Orthopedics","Metabolic Sciences"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4670
1 citation
179 downloads
1,107 views

Background The spread of tumors through neural routes is common in several types of cancer in which patients suffer from a moderate-to-severe neuropathy, neural damage and a distorted quality of life. Here we aim to examine the expression profiles of transient...

["Molecular Biology","Neuroscience","Anesthesiology and Pain Management","Oncology","Pharmacology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4622
167 downloads
864 views

Background Patellofemoral pain (PFP) is often reported as a diffuse pain at the front of the knee during knee-loading activities. A patient’s description of pain location and distribution is commonly drawn on paper by clinicians, which is difficult to quantify,...

["Anesthesiology and Pain Management","Anatomy and Physiology","Orthopedics","Translational Medicine","Human\u2013Computer Interaction"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4406
3 citations
133 downloads
723 views

Evaluation of depth of anaesthesia (DoA) is critical in clinical surgery. Indices derived from electroencephalogram (EEG) are currently widely used to quantify DoA. However, there are known to be inaccurate under certain conditions; therefore, experienced anaesthesiologists...

["Anesthesiology and Pain Management","Computational Science","Statistics"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4067
1 citation
194 downloads
933 views

The role of glial cells in pain modulation has recently gathered attention. The objective of this study was to determine healthy spinal microglia and astrocyte morphology and disposition in equine spinal cord dorsal horns using Iba-1 and GFAP/Cx-43 immunofluorescence...

["Anesthesiology and Pain Management","Molecular Biology","Neuroscience","Veterinary Medicine"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3965
7 citations
172 downloads
915 views

Background Respondent fatigue, also known as survey fatigue, is a common problem in the collection of survey data. Factors that are known to influence respondent fatigue include survey length, survey topic, question complexity, and open-ended question type. There...

["Anesthesiology and Pain Management","Global Health","Human-Computer Interaction","Statistics"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3785
2 citations
356 downloads
1,492 views

Background New-onset atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common arrhythmia in critically ill patients. Although evidence base and expert consensus opinion for management have been summarised in several international guidelines, no specific considerations for critically...

["Anesthesiology and Pain Management","Cardiology","Emergency and Critical Care"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3716

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