Peer-reviewed Articles - Medicine

32 downloads
219 views

Knowledge on the immune system of Pomacea canaliculata is becoming increasingly important, because of this gastropod’s role as intermediate host and vector of Angiostrongylus cantonensis, the etiologic agent of eosinophilic meningitis in humans and domestic animals....

["Zoology","Anatomy and Physiology","Histology","Freshwater Biology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5789
49 downloads
391 views

Background One of the mechanisms responsible for enhancing muscular hypertrophy is the high metabolic stress associated with a reduced muscular oxygenation occurring during exercise, which can be achieved by reducing the speed of movement. Studies have tested that...

["Neuroscience","Anatomy and Physiology","Kinesiology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5704
76 downloads
262 views

Background Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is the most common chronic liver disorder. This study aims to consider effects of resveratrol, exercise and their combination on Farnesoid X receptor (Fxr), the liver X receptor (Lxr) and Sirtuin 1 (Sirt 1) genes...

["Biochemistry","Molecular Biology","Anatomy and Physiology","Metabolic Sciences"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5522
61 downloads
294 views

Background Alu is one of the non-autonomous element retrotransposons, constituting nearly 11% of the human DNA. Methylation changes of the Alu element can cause genomic instability, a hallmark of cancer development, ultimately leading to the development of cancer....

["Biochemistry","Anatomy and Physiology","Orthopedics"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5492
131 downloads
1,737 views

Autonomic nervous systems in the human body are named for their operation outside of conscious control. One rare exception is voluntarily generated piloerection (VGP)—the conscious ability to induce goosebumps—whose physiological study, to our knowledge, is confined...

["Anthropology","Evolutionary Studies","Anatomy and Physiology","Psychiatry and Psychology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5292
191 downloads
849 views

Background Dumbbell curl (DC) and barbell curl in its two variants, straight (BC) or undulated bar (EZ) are typical exercises to train the elbow flexors. The aim of the study was to verify if the execution of these three variants could induce a selective electromyographic...

["Anatomy and Physiology","Kinesiology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5165
121 downloads
886 views

The human Achilles tendon (AT) consists of sub-tendons arising from the gastrocnemius and soleus muscles that exhibit non-uniform tissue displacements thought to facilitate some independent actuation. However, the mechanisms governing non-uniform displacement patterns...

["Bioengineering","Anatomy and Physiology","Kinesiology","Radiology and Medical Imaging"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5182
147 downloads
644 views

Both motor imagery (MI) and action observation (AO) trigger the activation of the neurocognitive mechanisms that underlie the planning and execution of voluntary movements in a manner that resembles how the action is performed in a real way. The main objective...

["Anatomy and Physiology","Neurology","Psychiatry and Psychology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5142
71 downloads
481 views

Introduction The determination of fatigue and exhaustion in experimental animals is complicated by the subjective nature of the measurement. Typically, it requires an observer to watch exercising animals, e.g. rats running on the treadmill, and to identify the...

["Animal Behavior","Neuroscience","Anatomy and Physiology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5017
107 downloads
458 views

The aim of this study was to determine the role of the perlecan (Hspg2) heparan sulphate (HS) side chains on cell and matrix homeostasis in tail and Achilles tendons in 3 and 12 week old Hspg2 exon 3 null HS deficient (Hspg2Δ3 − ∕Δ3 −) and C57 BL/6 Wild Type (WT)...

["Biochemistry","Anatomy and Physiology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5120
166 downloads
887 views

This paper proposes a new methodology to quantify patterns of egg shape variation using geometric morphometrics of three-dimensional landmarks captured on digitally reconstructed eggshells and demonstrates its performance in capturing shape variation at multiple...

["Ecology","Evolutionary Studies","Zoology","Anatomy and Physiology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5052
122 downloads
638 views

Background High-intensity interval training (HIIT) has been proposed as a time-efficient exercise format to improve exercise adherence, thereby targeting the chronic disease burden associated with sedentary behaviour. Exercise mode (cycling, running), if self-selected,...

["Anatomy and Physiology","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5026
189 downloads
2,836 views

Background Elephants are the largest and heaviest living terrestrial animals, but information on their histology is still lacking. This study provides a unique insight into the elephant’s organs and also provides a comparison between juvenile Asian elephants and...

["Veterinary Medicine","Anatomy and Physiology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4947
100 downloads
498 views

Background It is possible that physical education professionals, especially those who participate in aerobic activities, have predisposing factors, signs and symptoms of overreaching (OVR) and overtraining (OVT) due to a high load and volume of exercise followed...

["Anatomy and Physiology","Global Health","Kinesiology","Translational Medicine"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4994
383 downloads
2,229 views

The purpose of this study was to examine differences in the Electromyography (EMG) amplitude of the serratus anterior between 45° kettlebell carries and 90° kettlebell carries. Thirty-three men aged roughly between 19 and 23 and who were either college or professional...

["Anatomy and Physiology","Kinesiology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5044

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