Peer-reviewed Articles - Medicine

23 downloads
125 views

Background Alu is one of the non-autonomous element retrotransposons, constituting nearly 11% of the human DNA. Methylation changes of the Alu element can cause genomic instability, a hallmark of cancer development, ultimately leading to the development of cancer....

["Biochemistry","Anatomy and Physiology","Orthopedics"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5492
90 downloads
1,291 views

Autonomic nervous systems in the human body are named for their operation outside of conscious control. One rare exception is voluntarily generated piloerection (VGP)—the conscious ability to induce goosebumps—whose physiological study, to our knowledge, is confined...

["Anthropology","Evolutionary Studies","Anatomy and Physiology","Psychiatry and Psychology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5292
70 downloads
691 views

Background Dumbbell curl (DC) and barbell curl in its two variants, straight (BC) or undulated bar (EZ) are typical exercises to train the elbow flexors. The aim of the study was to verify if the execution of these three variants could induce a selective electromyographic...

["Anatomy and Physiology","Kinesiology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5165
82 downloads
371 views

The human Achilles tendon (AT) consists of sub-tendons arising from the gastrocnemius and soleus muscles that exhibit non-uniform tissue displacements thought to facilitate some independent actuation. However, the mechanisms governing non-uniform displacement patterns...

["Bioengineering","Anatomy and Physiology","Kinesiology","Radiology and Medical Imaging"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5182
99 downloads
478 views

Both motor imagery (MI) and action observation (AO) trigger the activation of the neurocognitive mechanisms that underlie the planning and execution of voluntary movements in a manner that resembles how the action is performed in a real way. The main objective...

["Anatomy and Physiology","Neurology","Psychiatry and Psychology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5142
46 downloads
389 views

Introduction The determination of fatigue and exhaustion in experimental animals is complicated by the subjective nature of the measurement. Typically, it requires an observer to watch exercising animals, e.g. rats running on the treadmill, and to identify the...

["Animal Behavior","Neuroscience","Anatomy and Physiology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5017
86 downloads
331 views

The aim of this study was to determine the role of the perlecan (Hspg2) heparan sulphate (HS) side chains on cell and matrix homeostasis in tail and Achilles tendons in 3 and 12 week old Hspg2 exon 3 null HS deficient (Hspg2Δ3 − ∕Δ3 −) and C57 BL/6 Wild Type (WT)...

["Biochemistry","Anatomy and Physiology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5120
112 downloads
704 views

This paper proposes a new methodology to quantify patterns of egg shape variation using geometric morphometrics of three-dimensional landmarks captured on digitally reconstructed eggshells and demonstrates its performance in capturing shape variation at multiple...

["Ecology","Evolutionary Studies","Zoology","Anatomy and Physiology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5052
95 downloads
493 views

Background High-intensity interval training (HIIT) has been proposed as a time-efficient exercise format to improve exercise adherence, thereby targeting the chronic disease burden associated with sedentary behaviour. Exercise mode (cycling, running), if self-selected,...

["Anatomy and Physiology","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5026
145 downloads
2,593 views

Background Elephants are the largest and heaviest living terrestrial animals, but information on their histology is still lacking. This study provides a unique insight into the elephant’s organs and also provides a comparison between juvenile Asian elephants and...

["Veterinary Medicine","Anatomy and Physiology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4947
78 downloads
364 views

Background It is possible that physical education professionals, especially those who participate in aerobic activities, have predisposing factors, signs and symptoms of overreaching (OVR) and overtraining (OVT) due to a high load and volume of exercise followed...

["Anatomy and Physiology","Global Health","Kinesiology","Translational Medicine"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4994
309 downloads
1,884 views

The purpose of this study was to examine differences in the Electromyography (EMG) amplitude of the serratus anterior between 45° kettlebell carries and 90° kettlebell carries. Thirty-three men aged roughly between 19 and 23 and who were either college or professional...

["Anatomy and Physiology","Kinesiology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5044
155 downloads
874 views

The patterns of bone modeling and mineral mobilization (skeletal homeostasis) among mammals other than humans and laboratory rodents are still poorly known. In this study we assessed the pattern of bone formation and bone resorption in the femur of a wild population...

["Developmental Biology","Evolutionary Studies","Zoology","Anatomy and Physiology","Histology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4944
91 downloads
730 views

Background Hamstring strain injuries (HSI) are one of the most prevalent and serious injuries affecting athletes, particularly those in team ball sports or track and field. Recent evidence demonstrates that eccentric knee flexor weakness and between limb asymmetries...

["Anatomy and Physiology","Kinesiology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4972
70 downloads
458 views

Background We sought to determine the effects of unilateral lower-limb external pneumatic compression (EPC) on bilateral lower-limb vascular reactivity and skin blood flow. Methods Thirty-two participants completed this two-aim study. In AIM1 (n = 18, age: 25.5 ± 4.7...

["Anatomy and Physiology","Drugs and Devices","Kinesiology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4878

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