Peer-reviewed Articles - Medicine

7 downloads
79 views

Background High-intensity interval training (HIIT) has been proposed as a time-efficient exercise format to improve exercise adherence, thereby targeting the chronic disease burden associated with sedentary behaviour. Exercise mode (cycling, running), if self-selected,...

["Anatomy and Physiology","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5026
36 downloads
712 views

Background Elephants are the largest and heaviest living terrestrial animals, but information on their histology is still lacking. This study provides a unique insight into the elephant’s organs and also provides a comparison between juvenile Asian elephants and...

["Veterinary Medicine","Anatomy and Physiology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4947
34 downloads
159 views

Background It is possible that physical education professionals, especially those who participate in aerobic activities, have predisposing factors, signs and symptoms of overreaching (OVR) and overtraining (OVT) due to a high load and volume of exercise followed...

["Anatomy and Physiology","Global Health","Kinesiology","Translational Medicine"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4994
211 downloads
975 views

The purpose of this study was to examine differences in the Electromyography (EMG) amplitude of the serratus anterior between 45° kettlebell carries and 90° kettlebell carries. Thirty-three men aged roughly between 19 and 23 and who were either college or professional...

["Anatomy and Physiology","Kinesiology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5044
101 downloads
629 views

The patterns of bone modeling and mineral mobilization (skeletal homeostasis) among mammals other than humans and laboratory rodents are still poorly known. In this study we assessed the pattern of bone formation and bone resorption in the femur of a wild population...

["Developmental Biology","Evolutionary Studies","Zoology","Anatomy and Physiology","Histology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4944
34 downloads
276 views

Background Hamstring strain injuries (HSI) are one of the most prevalent and serious injuries affecting athletes, particularly those in team ball sports or track and field. Recent evidence demonstrates that eccentric knee flexor weakness and between limb asymmetries...

["Anatomy and Physiology","Kinesiology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4972
32 downloads
272 views

Background We sought to determine the effects of unilateral lower-limb external pneumatic compression (EPC) on bilateral lower-limb vascular reactivity and skin blood flow. Methods Thirty-two participants completed this two-aim study. In AIM1 (n = 18, age: 25.5 ± 4.7...

["Anatomy and Physiology","Drugs and Devices","Kinesiology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4878
43 downloads
200 views

Background Among combat sports, Judo and Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu (BJJ) present elevated physical fitness demands from the high-intensity intermittent efforts. However, information regarding how metabolic and neuromuscular physical fitness is associated with technical-tactical...

["Anatomy and Physiology","Kinesiology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4851
96 downloads
1,301 views

Background Total arterial occlusive pressure (AOP) is used to prescribe pressures for surgery, blood flow restriction exercise (BFRE) and ischemic preconditioning (IPC). AOP is often measured in a supine position; however, the influence of body position on AOP...

["Anatomy and Physiology","Kinesiology","Surgery and Surgical Specialties"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4697
78 downloads
514 views

The development of an underwater near-infrared spectroscopy (uNIRS) device has enabled previously unattainable measurements of peripheral muscle hemodynamics and oxygenation to be taken within the natural aquatic environment. The purposes of this study were (i)...

["Anatomy and Physiology","Kinesiology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4393
356 downloads
2,576 views

Background Most data on the architecture of the human soleus muscle have been obtained from cadaveric dissection or two-dimensional ultrasound imaging. We present the first comprehensive, quantitative study on the three-dimensional anatomy of the human soleus muscle...

["Anatomy and Physiology","Kinesiology","Radiology and Medical Imaging"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4610
91 downloads
416 views

Background Converging evidence comparing barefoot (BF) and shod (SH) running highlights differences in foot-strike patterns and somatosensory feedback, among others. Anecdotal evidence from SH runners attempting BF running suggests a greater attentional demand...

["Anatomy and Physiology","Kinesiology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4605
1 citation
183 downloads
2,923 views

Phenotypic variation along environmental gradients can provide evidence suggesting local adaptation has shaped observed morphological disparities. These differences, in traits such as body and extremity size, as well as skin and coat pigmentation, may affect the...

["Biogeography","Evolutionary Studies","Zoology","Anatomy and Physiology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4512
98 downloads
1,704 views

Background There is a lack of research considering acute fatigue responses to high- and low-load resistance training as well as the comparison between male and female responses. Furthermore, limited studies have considered fatigue response testing with the inclusion...

["Anatomy and Physiology","Evidence Based Medicine","Health Policy","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4523
88 downloads
734 views

Objective In the foveola of the eye, photoreceptors and Müller cells with a unique morphology have been described, but little is known about their 3D structure and orientation. Considering that there is an angle-dependent change in the foveolar photoreceptor response...

["Biophysics","Cell Biology","Anatomy and Physiology","Ophthalmology","Histology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4482

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