Peer-reviewed Articles - Medicine

1 citation
125 downloads
844 views

Background Monitoring the external ground reaction forces (GRF) acting on the human body during running could help to understand how external loads influence tissue adaptation over time. Although mass-spring-damper (MSD) models have the potential to simulate the...

["Bioengineering","Anatomy and Physiology","Kinesiology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.6105
65 downloads
318 views

Background Remote photoplethysmography (rPPG) is a promising optical method for non-contact assessment of pulse rate (PR) from video recordings. In order to implement the method in real-time applications, it is necessary for the rPPG algorithms to be capable of...

["Biophysics","Anatomy and Physiology","Computational Science"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5859
291 downloads
3,180 views

Background Weighted-baseball training programs are used at the high school, collegiate, and professional levels of baseball. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of a six-week training period consisting of weighted implements, manual therapy, weightlifting,...

["Anatomy and Physiology","Kinesiology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.6003
134 downloads
1,275 views

Objectives Muscles dominant in type I muscle fibres, such as the lumbar extensors, are often trained using lighter loads and higher repetition ranges. However, literature suggests that similar strength adaptations can be attained by the use of both heavier- (HL)...

["Anatomy and Physiology","Evidence Based Medicine","Health Policy","Kinesiology","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.6001
54 downloads
283 views

The current study tested the hypothesis that voluntary activation during maximal voluntary contraction (MVC) conditionally depends on sex and joint action. Twenty-eight healthy adults (14 of each sex) performed knee extensor MVC and plantar flexor MVC at extended...

["Anatomy and Physiology","Kinesiology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5968
144 downloads
848 views

Congenital heart disease (CHD) affects a considerable number of children and adults worldwide. This implicates not only developmental disorders, high mortality, and reduced quality of life but also, high costs for the healthcare systems. CHD refers to a variety...

["Cell Biology","Developmental Biology","Anatomy and Physiology","Cardiology","Pathology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5805
88 downloads
470 views

Knowledge on the immune system of Pomacea canaliculata is becoming increasingly important, because of this gastropod’s role as intermediate host and vector of Angiostrongylus cantonensis, the etiologic agent of eosinophilic meningitis in humans and domestic animals....

["Zoology","Anatomy and Physiology","Histology","Freshwater Biology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5789
83 downloads
510 views

Background One of the mechanisms responsible for enhancing muscular hypertrophy is the high metabolic stress associated with a reduced muscular oxygenation occurring during exercise, which can be achieved by reducing the speed of movement. Studies have tested that...

["Neuroscience","Anatomy and Physiology","Kinesiology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5704
1 citation
136 downloads
400 views

Background Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is the most common chronic liver disorder. This study aims to consider effects of resveratrol, exercise and their combination on Farnesoid X receptor (Fxr), the liver X receptor (Lxr) and Sirtuin 1 (Sirt 1) genes...

["Biochemistry","Molecular Biology","Anatomy and Physiology","Metabolic Sciences"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5522
86 downloads
367 views

Background Alu is one of the non-autonomous element retrotransposons, constituting nearly 11% of the human DNA. Methylation changes of the Alu element can cause genomic instability, a hallmark of cancer development, ultimately leading to the development of cancer....

["Biochemistry","Anatomy and Physiology","Orthopedics"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5492
174 downloads
2,270 views

Autonomic nervous systems in the human body are named for their operation outside of conscious control. One rare exception is voluntarily generated piloerection (VGP)—the conscious ability to induce goosebumps—whose physiological study, to our knowledge, is confined...

["Anthropology","Evolutionary Studies","Anatomy and Physiology","Psychiatry and Psychology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5292
491 downloads
1,027 views

Background Dumbbell curl (DC) and barbell curl in its two variants, straight (BC) or undulated bar (EZ) are typical exercises to train the elbow flexors. The aim of the study was to verify if the execution of these three variants could induce a selective electromyographic...

["Anatomy and Physiology","Kinesiology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5165
1 citation
158 downloads
1,027 views

The human Achilles tendon (AT) consists of sub-tendons arising from the gastrocnemius and soleus muscles that exhibit non-uniform tissue displacements thought to facilitate some independent actuation. However, the mechanisms governing non-uniform displacement patterns...

["Bioengineering","Anatomy and Physiology","Kinesiology","Radiology and Medical Imaging"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5182
206 downloads
786 views

Both motor imagery (MI) and action observation (AO) trigger the activation of the neurocognitive mechanisms that underlie the planning and execution of voluntary movements in a manner that resembles how the action is performed in a real way. The main objective...

["Anatomy and Physiology","Neurology","Psychiatry and Psychology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5142
84 downloads
563 views

Introduction The determination of fatigue and exhaustion in experimental animals is complicated by the subjective nature of the measurement. Typically, it requires an observer to watch exercising animals, e.g. rats running on the treadmill, and to identify the...

["Animal Behavior","Neuroscience","Anatomy and Physiology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5017

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