Peer-reviewed Articles - General

1 download
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Background Medical decision-making is difficult when information is limited due to its rareness. For example, there are two treatment options for patients affected by a rare disease with high lethality. The information about both treatment effects is unavailable...

["Bioinformatics","Clinical Trials","Public Health","Ethical Issues","Statistics"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5677
43 downloads
1,049 views

We comment on Eichstaedt et al.’s (2015a) claim to have shown that language patterns among Twitter users, aggregated at the level of US counties, predicted county-level mortality rates from atherosclerotic heart disease (AHD), with “negative” language being associated...

["Epidemiology","Health Policy","Psychiatry and Psychology","Public Health","Statistics"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5656
33 downloads
290 views

Estimating the growth of fishes is critical to understanding their life history and conducting fisheries assessments. It is imperative to sufficiently sample each size and age class of fishes to construct models that accurately reflect biological growth patterns,...

["Aquaculture, Fisheries and Fish Science","Conservation Biology","Marine Biology","Statistics"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5582
30 downloads
243 views

Background The Mini-IPIP scales (Donellan et al., 2006) are possibly one of the most commonly used short inventories for measuring the Big Five Factors of personality. In this study, we aimed to investigate the psychometric properties of two Mini-IPIP Spanish short...

["Psychiatry and Psychology","Statistics"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5542
53 downloads
546 views

Most researchers do not deliberately claim causal results in an observational study. But do we lead our readers to draw a causal conclusion unintentionally by explaining why significant correlations and relationships may exist? Here we perform a randomized controlled...

["Psychiatry and Psychology","Science and Medical Education","Statistics"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5597
153 downloads
623 views

Objectives To comprehensively analyse the global scientific outputs of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) research. Methods Data of publications were downloaded from the Web of Science Core Collection. We used CiteSpace IV and Excel 2016 to analyse literature information,...

["Gastroenterology and Hepatology","Oncology","Statistics"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5477
50 downloads
233 views

Background Medicare is one of the world’s largest health insurance programs. It provides health insurance to nearly 44 million beneficiaries whose entitlements are based on age, disability, or end-stage renal disease (ESRD). Data of these ESRD beneficiaries are...

["Epidemiology","Health Policy","Nephrology","Public Health","Statistics"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5284
93 downloads
423 views

Background Metacognitive beliefs have been proposed to play a key role in initiating and maintaining worry. The Why Worry-Scale-II (WW-II) and Consequences of Worry Scale (COWS) are self-report questionnaires assessing positive and negative metacognitive beliefs....

["Psychiatry and Psychology","Public Health","Statistics"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5177
98 downloads
450 views

Objective The study objective is to analyze influenza vaccination status by demographic factors, perceived vaccine efficacy, social influence, herd immunity, vaccine cost, health insurance status, and barriers to influenza vaccination among adults 18 years and...

["Epidemiology","Infectious Diseases","Public Health","Statistics"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5171
71 downloads
423 views

The accumulation of RNA sequencing (RNA-Seq) gene expression data in recent years has resulted in large and complex data sets of high dimensions. Exploratory analysis, including data mining and visualization, reveals hidden patterns and potential outliers in such...

["Plant Science","Statistics"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5199
219 downloads
2,778 views

Background Insomnia is common. However, no systematic reviews have examined the effect of exercise on patients with primary and secondary insomnia, defined as both sleep disruption and daytime impairment. This systematic review and meta-analysis aimed to examine...

["Epidemiology","Evidence Based Medicine","Psychiatry and Psychology","Statistics"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5172
1 citation
116 downloads
818 views

The analysis of bone surface modifications (BSMs) is a prominent part of paleoanthropological studies, namely taphonomic research. Behavioral interpretations of the fossil record hinge strongly upon correct assessment of BSMs. With the significant impact of microscopic...

["Evolutionary Studies","Statistics"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5133
290 downloads
7,232 views

Purpose The relationship between changes in muscle size and strength may be affected by both measurement and statistical approaches, but their effects have not been fully considered or quantified. Therefore, the purpose of this investigation was to explore how...

["Kinesiology","Statistics"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5071
2 citations
432 downloads
2,489 views

The ongoing evolution of tracer mixing models has resulted in a confusing array of software tools that differ in terms of data inputs, model assumptions, and associated analytic products. Here we introduce MixSIAR, an inclusive, rich, and flexible Bayesian tracer...

["Conservation Biology","Ecology","Ecosystem Science","Soil Science","Statistics"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5096
168 downloads
714 views

Observations indicate that temperature and precipitation patterns changed dramatically in Xinjiang, northwestern China, between 1961 and 2015. Dramatic changes in climatic conditions can bring about adverse effects. Specifically, meteorological drought severity...

["Statistics","Natural Resource Management","Environmental Impacts"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4926

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