Peer-reviewed Articles - General

67 downloads
526 views

Background Captive cetacean attractions are growing in number globally, their operators citing entertainment, education, and conservation as benefits. Those for and against developing such attractions claim public support. Previous public opinion research, however,...

["Conservation Biology","Ethical Issues","Science Policy","Natural Resource Management"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5953
87 downloads
933 views

Background Medical decision-making is difficult when information is limited due to its rareness. For example, there are two treatment options for patients affected by a rare disease with high lethality. The information about both treatment effects is unavailable...

["Bioinformatics","Clinical Trials","Public Health","Ethical Issues","Statistics"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5677
132 downloads
565 views

Background Angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors (ACEi) and angiotensin receptor blockers (ARB) are the most commonly prescribed antihypertensive medications in higher-risk surgical patients. However, there is no clinical consensus on their use in the perioperative...

["Anesthesiology and Pain Management","Surgery and Surgical Specialties","Ethical Issues"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5061
2 citations
231 downloads
2,087 views

The use of small unoccupied aircraft systems (UAS) for ecological studies and wildlife population assessments is increasing. These methods can provide significant benefits in terms of costs and reductions in human risk, but little is known if UAS-based approaches...

["Conservation Biology","Ecology","Environmental Sciences","Marine Biology","Ethical Issues"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4467
3 citations
709 downloads
5,960 views

Despite significant progress, there is still a gender gap in science all over the world, especially at senior levels. Some progressive countries are recognizing the need to address barriers to gender equality in order to retain their best scientists and innovators,...

["Ethical Issues","Science Policy"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4000
251 downloads
2,515 views

Background Publication bias is a form of scientific misconduct. It threatens the validity of research results and the credibility of science. Although several tests on publication bias exist, no in-depth evaluations are available that examine which test performs...

["Ethical Issues","Science Policy","Statistics"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4115
241 downloads
1,693 views

Background The Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation (GBMF) was interested in understanding the potential effects of requiring that grantees publish their peer-reviewed research in open access journals. Methods We collected data on more than 2,000 publications in over...

["Ethical Issues","Science and Medical Education","Science Policy"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3853
5 citations
405 downloads
2,726 views

Background Studying animal cognition in a social setting is associated with practical and statistical challenges. However, conducting cognitive research without disturbing species-typical social groups can increase ecological validity, minimize distress, and improve...

["Animal Behavior","Zoology","Psychiatry and Psychology","Ethical Issues"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3649
1 citation
200 downloads
1,579 views

Background The scholarly publication landscape is changing rapidly. We investigated whether the introduction of an institutional publications officer might help facilitate better knowledge of publication topics and related resources, and effectively support researchers...

["Ethical Issues","Science and Medical Education","Science Policy"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3294
131 downloads
744 views

Objectives The use of escorts (chauffeurs and chaperones) while on duty in after-hours-house-call (AHHC) is one key protective option available to doctors in the service, and has been linked to low burnout and increased satisfaction in AHHC. This study aims to...

["Health Policy","Nursing","Public Health","Ethical Issues","Science Policy"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3218
10 citations
698 downloads
6,292 views

Background There is wide agreement in the biomedical research community that research data sharing is a primary ingredient for ensuring that science is more transparent and reproducible. Publishers could play an important role in facilitating and enforcing data...

["Ethical Issues","Science and Medical Education","Science Policy","Statistics"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3208
10 citations
618 downloads
2,065 views

Background. Physician wellness is a vital element of a well-functioning health care system. Not only is physician wellness empirically associated with quality and patient outcomes, but its ramifications span individual, interpersonal, organizational, and societal...

["Health Policy","Psychiatry and Psychology","Public Health","Ethical Issues","Science and Medical Education"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.1783
6 citations
552 downloads
2,400 views

Biobanks, which contain human biological samples and/or data, provide a crucial contribution to the progress of biomedical research. However, the effective and efficient use of biobank resources depends on their accessibility. In fact, making bio-resources promptly...

["Ethical Issues","Science Policy"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.1613
3 citations
692 downloads
1,834 views

Background. The objective of this study is to propose the four conditions for the roles of honest brokers through a review of literature published by ten institutions that are successfully utilizing honest brokers. Furthermore, the study aims to examine whether...

["Ethical Issues","Legal Issues","Science Policy"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.1506
3 citations
521 downloads
4,322 views

Ecological assemblages are generally characterized by a few dominant species and numerous others. Such unequal distributions of dominance also emerge in human society, including in scientific communities. Here, based on formal community ecological analyses, we...

["Ecology","Ecosystem Science","Environmental Sciences","Ethical Issues","Science Policy"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.1457

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