Peer-reviewed Articles

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Background Knowledge on the globally outstanding Amazonian biodiversity and its environmental determinants stems almost exclusively from aboveground organisms, notably plants. In contrast, the environmental factors and habitat preferences that drive diversity patterns...

["Biodiversity","Ecology","Ecosystem Science","Microbiology","Soil Science"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5661
63 downloads
206 views

Climate change has determined shifts in distributions of species and is likely to affect species in the future. Our study aimed to (i) demonstrate the linkage between spatial climatic variability and the current and historical Dubas bug (Ommatissus lybicus Bergevin)...

["Ecosystem Science","Climate Change Biology","Environmental Impacts"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5545
68 downloads
417 views

Shifts in the abundance of grasses and woody plants in drylands have occurred several times during the Holocene. However, our understanding of the rates and dynamics of this state-change in recent decades is limited to scattered studies conducted at disparate spatial...

["Ecology","Ecosystem Science","Natural Resource Management","Biogeochemistry","Spatial and Geographic Information Science"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5474
65 downloads
504 views

Wetlands are the major natural source of the greenhouse gas methane (CH4) and are also potentially an important source of nitrous oxide (N2O), though there is considerable variability among wetland types with some of the greatest uncertainty in freshwater mineral-soil...

["Ecology","Ecosystem Science","Soil Science","Climate Change Biology","Biogeochemistry"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5465
69 downloads
337 views

Satellite chlorophyll a (chl a) observations have repeatedly noted summertime phytoplankton blooms in the North Pacific subtropical gyre (NPSG), a region of open ocean that is far removed from any land-derived or Ekman upwelling nutrient sources. These blooms are...

["Ecosystem Science","Marine Biology","Biological Oceanography"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5387
71 downloads
832 views

Antarctica, with its severe conditions, is poor in terrestrial fauna species. However, an increase in human presence together with climate change may cause an influx of non-native species. Here we report a significant increase in colonized area of one of the few...

["Biodiversity","Conservation Biology","Ecology","Ecosystem Science"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5408
71 downloads
256 views

Most experimental studies measuring the effects of climate change on terrestrial C cycling have focused on processes that occur at relatively short time scales (up to a few years). However, climate-soil C interactions are influenced over much longer time scales...

["Ecosystem Science","Soil Science","Climate Change Biology","Biogeochemistry"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5356
65 downloads
314 views

Background The long-term evolution of preferences for nature is crucial to conservation projects, given their targeted long-term horizons. Neglecting to account for this evolution could lead to undesirable human–nature relationships. This study compares the willingness...

["Ecosystem Science","Coupled Natural and Human Systems"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5366
92 downloads
477 views

To assess protistan grazing impact and temperature sensitivity on plankton population dynamics, we measured bulk and species-specific phytoplankton growth and herbivorous protist grazing rates in Disko Bay, West Greenland in April-May 2011. Rate estimates were...

["Ecology","Ecosystem Science","Biological Oceanography"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5264
69 downloads
238 views

The limiting effects of stressors like desiccation, light and salinity on seagrass growth and distribution are well-studied. However, little is known about their interactive effects, and whether such effects might differ among populations that are adapted to different...

["Ecology","Ecosystem Science","Marine Biology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5234
85 downloads
1,173 views

Background Dung accumulation in rangelands can suppress plant growth, foul pastures, and increase pest pressure. Here, we describe the arthropod community of dung in eastern South Dakota, and quantify their contributions to dung degradation using an exclusion cage...

["Agricultural Science","Animal Behavior","Biodiversity","Ecosystem Science","Entomology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5220
85 downloads
366 views

Long-term and seasonal changes in production and respiration were surveyed in the Valle de Bravo reservoir, Mexico, in a period during which high water-level fluctuations occurred (2006–2015). We assessed the community metabolism through oxygen dynamics in this...

["Ecosystem Science","Freshwater Biology","Biogeochemistry","Ecohydrology","Environmental Contamination and Remediation"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5205
68 downloads
382 views

The aerial and ground methods of counting birds in a coastal area during different ice conditions were compared. Ice coverage of water was an important factor affecting the results of the two methods. When the water was ice-free, more birds were counted from the...

["Ecology","Ecosystem Science","Zoology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5195
101 downloads
372 views

Background Over the last decades sub-Saharan Africa has experienced severe land degradation and food security challenges linked to loss of soil fertility and soil organic matter (SOM), recurrent drought and increasing population. Although primary production in...

["Ecosystem Science","Soil Science","Natural Resource Management","Biogeochemistry","Forestry"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5232
92 downloads
439 views

Background Many species of birds are morphologically and physiologically adapted for migration. Migratory movements of birds can range from thousands of kilometers, such as when birds migrate from wintering to breeding sites in summer, to several kilometers, such...

["Animal Behavior","Ecology","Ecosystem Science","Zoology","Climate Change Biology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5131

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