Peer-reviewed Articles

16 downloads
163 views

Background Ecosystem engineers are species that transform habitats in ways that influence other species.While the impacts of many engineers have been well described, our understanding of how their impact varies along environmental gradients remains limited. Although...

["Biodiversity","Biogeography","Ecosystem Science","Entomology","Soil Science"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5612
23 downloads
235 views

Background Lake depth and the consequent mixing regime and thermal structure have profound effects on ecosystem functioning, because depth strongly affects the availability of nutrients, light, and oxygen. All these conditions influence patterns of zooplankton...

["Biodiversity","Ecosystem Science","Zoology","Freshwater Biology","Environmental Impacts"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5731
33 downloads
153 views

Changes in the concentration of soil nitrogen (N) or its components may directly affect ecosystem functioning in forestry. Thinning of forest stands, a widely used forestry management practice, may transform soil nutrients directly by altering the soil environment,...

["Ecosystem Science","Soil Science","Biogeochemistry","Forestry"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5647
65 downloads
335 views

Most pollination ecosystem services studies have focussed on wild pollinators and their dependence on natural floral resources adjacent to crop fields. However, managed pollinators depend on a mixture of floral resources that are spatially separated from the crop...

["Agricultural Science","Biodiversity","Ecology","Ecosystem Science","Entomology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5654
70 downloads
557 views

Background Knowledge on the globally outstanding Amazonian biodiversity and its environmental determinants stems almost exclusively from aboveground organisms, notably plants. In contrast, the environmental factors and habitat preferences that drive diversity patterns...

["Biodiversity","Ecology","Ecosystem Science","Microbiology","Soil Science"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5661
79 downloads
258 views

Climate change has determined shifts in distributions of species and is likely to affect species in the future. Our study aimed to (i) demonstrate the linkage between spatial climatic variability and the current and historical Dubas bug (Ommatissus lybicus Bergevin)...

["Ecosystem Science","Climate Change Biology","Environmental Impacts"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5545
85 downloads
467 views

Shifts in the abundance of grasses and woody plants in drylands have occurred several times during the Holocene. However, our understanding of the rates and dynamics of this state-change in recent decades is limited to scattered studies conducted at disparate spatial...

["Ecology","Ecosystem Science","Natural Resource Management","Biogeochemistry","Spatial and Geographic Information Science"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5474
75 downloads
538 views

Wetlands are the major natural source of the greenhouse gas methane (CH4) and are also potentially an important source of nitrous oxide (N2O), though there is considerable variability among wetland types with some of the greatest uncertainty in freshwater mineral-soil...

["Ecology","Ecosystem Science","Soil Science","Climate Change Biology","Biogeochemistry"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5465
91 downloads
388 views

Satellite chlorophyll a (chl a) observations have repeatedly noted summertime phytoplankton blooms in the North Pacific subtropical gyre (NPSG), a region of open ocean that is far removed from any land-derived or Ekman upwelling nutrient sources. These blooms are...

["Ecosystem Science","Marine Biology","Biological Oceanography"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5387
81 downloads
872 views

Antarctica, with its severe conditions, is poor in terrestrial fauna species. However, an increase in human presence together with climate change may cause an influx of non-native species. Here we report a significant increase in colonized area of one of the few...

["Biodiversity","Conservation Biology","Ecology","Ecosystem Science"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5408
80 downloads
274 views

Most experimental studies measuring the effects of climate change on terrestrial C cycling have focused on processes that occur at relatively short time scales (up to a few years). However, climate-soil C interactions are influenced over much longer time scales...

["Ecosystem Science","Soil Science","Climate Change Biology","Biogeochemistry"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5356
72 downloads
338 views

Background The long-term evolution of preferences for nature is crucial to conservation projects, given their targeted long-term horizons. Neglecting to account for this evolution could lead to undesirable human–nature relationships. This study compares the willingness...

["Ecosystem Science","Coupled Natural and Human Systems"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5366
103 downloads
509 views

To assess protistan grazing impact and temperature sensitivity on plankton population dynamics, we measured bulk and species-specific phytoplankton growth and herbivorous protist grazing rates in Disko Bay, West Greenland in April-May 2011. Rate estimates were...

["Ecology","Ecosystem Science","Biological Oceanography"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5264
75 downloads
270 views

The limiting effects of stressors like desiccation, light and salinity on seagrass growth and distribution are well-studied. However, little is known about their interactive effects, and whether such effects might differ among populations that are adapted to different...

["Ecology","Ecosystem Science","Marine Biology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5234
96 downloads
1,206 views

Background Dung accumulation in rangelands can suppress plant growth, foul pastures, and increase pest pressure. Here, we describe the arthropod community of dung in eastern South Dakota, and quantify their contributions to dung degradation using an exclusion cage...

["Agricultural Science","Animal Behavior","Biodiversity","Ecosystem Science","Entomology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5220

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